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The Coming Race.

Chapter 1

"I am a native of _____, in the United States of America. My ancestors migrated from
England in the reign of Charles II.; and my grandfather was not undistinguished in the
War of Independence. My family, therefore, enjoyed a somewhat high social position in
right of birth; and being also opulent, they were considered disqualified for the public
service. My father once ran for Congress, but was signally defeated by his tailor. After
that event he interfered little in politics, and lived much in his library. I was the eldest of
three sons, and sent at the age of sixteen to the old country, partly to complete my literary
education, partly to commence my commercial training in a mercantile firm at Liverpool.
My father died shortly after I was twenty-one; and being left well off, and having a taste
for travel and adventure, I resigned, for a time, all pursuit of the almighty dollar, and
became a desultory wanderer over the face of the earth.

In the year 18__, happening to be in _____, I was invited by a professional engineer, with
whom I had made acquaintance, to visit the recesses of the ________ mine, upon which
he was employed.

The reader will understand, ere he close this narrative, my reason for concealing all clue
to the district of which I write, and will perhaps thank me for refraining from any
description that may tend to its discovery.

Let me say, then, as briefly as possible, that I accompanied the engineer into the interior
of the mine, and became so strangely fascinated by its gloomy wonders, and so interested
in my friend's explorations, that I prolonged my stay in the neighbourhood, and
descended daily, for some weeks, into the vaults and galleries hollowed by nature and art
beneath the surface of the earth. The engineer was persuaded that far richer deposits of
mineral wealth than had yet been detected, would be found in a new shaft that had been
commenced under his operations. In piercing this shaft we came one day upon a chasm
jagged and seemingly charred at the sides, as if burst asunder at some distant period by
volcanic fires. Down this chasm my friend caused himself to be lowered in a 'cage,'
having first tested the atmosphere by the safety-lamp. He remained nearly an hour in the
abyss. When he returned he was very pale, and with an anxious, thoughtful expression of
face, very different from its ordinary character, which was open, cheerful, and fearless.
He said briefly that the descent appeared to him unsafe, and leading to no result; and,
suspending further operations in the shaft, we returned to the more familiar parts of the

All the rest of that day the engineer seemed preoccupied by some absorbing thought. He
was unusually taciturn, and there was a scared, bewildered look in his eyes, as that of a
man who has seen a ghost. At night, as we two were sitting alone in the lodging we
shared together near the mouth of the mine, I said to my friend,-

"Tell me frankly what you saw in that chasm: I am sure it was something strange and
terrible. Whatever it be, it has left your mind in a state of doubt. In such a case two heads
are better than one. Confide in me."

The engineer long endeavoured to evade my inquiries; but as, while he spoke, he helped
himself unconsciously out of the brandy-flask to a degree to which he was wholly
unaccustomed, for he was a very temperate man, his reserve gradually melted away. He
who would keep himself to himself should imitate the dumb animals, and drink water. At
last he said, "I will tell you all. When the cage stopped, I found myself on a ridge of rock;
and below me, the chasm, taking a slanting direction, shot down to a considerable depth,
the darkness of which my lamp could not have penetrated. But through it, to my infinite
surprise, streamed upward a steady brilliant light. Could it be any volcanic fire? In that
case, surely I should have felt the heat. Still, if on this there was doubt, it was of the
utmost importance to our common safety to clear it up. I examined the sides of the
descent, and found that I could venture to trust myself to the irregular projection of
ledges, at least for some way. I left the cage and clambered down. As I drew nearer and
nearer to the light, the chasm became wider, and at last I saw, to my unspeakable amaze,
a broad level road at the bottom of the abyss, illumined as far as the eye could reach by
what seemed artificial gas-lamps placed at regular intervals, as in the thoroughfare of a
great city; and I heard confusedly at a distance a hum as of human voices. I know, of
course, that no rival miners are at work in this district. Whose could be those voices?
What human hands could have levelled that road and marshalled those lamps?

"The superstitious belief, common to miners, that gnomes or fiends dwell within the
bowels of the earth, began to seize me. I shuddered at the thought of descending further
and braving the inhabitants of this nether valley. Nor indeed could I have done so without
ropes, as from the spot I had reached to the bottom of the chasm the sides of the rock
sank down abrupt, smooth, and sheer. I retraced my steps with some difficulty. Now I
have told you all."

"You will descend again?"
"I ought, yet I feel as if I durst not."
"A trusty companion halves the journey and doubles the courage. I will go with you. We
will provide ourselves with ropes of suitable length and strength- and- pardon me- you
must not drink more to-night. our hands and feet must be steady and firm tomorrow."

Chapter 2

With the morning my friend's nerves were rebraced, and he was not less excited by
curiosity than myself. Perhaps more; for he evidently believed in his own story, and I felt
considerable doubt of it; not that he would have wilfully told an untruth, but that I
thought he must have been under one of those hallucinations which seize on our fancy or
our nerves in solitary, unaccustomed places, and in which we give shape to the formless
and sound to the dumb.

We selected six veteran miners to watch our descent; and as the cage held only one at a
time, the engineer descended first; and when he had gained the ledge at which he had
before halted, the cage rearose for me. I soon gained his side. We had provided ourselves
with a strong coil of rope.

The light struck on my sight as it had done the day before on my friend's. The hollow
through which it came sloped diagonally: it seemed to me a diffused atmospheric light,
not like that from fire, but soft and silvery, as from a northern star. Quitting the cage, we
descended, one after the other, easily enough, owing to the juts in the side, till we reached
the place at which my friend had previously halted, and which was a projection just
spacious enough to allow us to stand abreast. From this spot the chasm widened rapidly
like the lower end of a vast funnel, and I saw distinctly the valley, the road, the lamps
which my companion had described. He had exaggerated nothing. I heard the sounds he
had heard- a mingled indescribable hum as of voices and a dull tramp as of feet. Straining
my eye farther down, I clearly beheld at a distance the outline of some large building. It
could not be mere natural rock, it was too symmetrical, with huge heavy Egyptian-like
columns, and the whole lighted as from within. I had about me a small pocket-telescope,
and by the aid of this, I could distinguish, near the building I mention, two forms which
seemed human, though I could not be sure. At least they were living, for they moved, and
both vanished within the building. We now proceeded to attach the end of the rope we
had brought with us to the ledge on which we stood, by the aid of clamps and grappling
hooks, with which, as well as with necessary tools, we were provided.

We were almost silent in our work. We toiled like men afraid to speak to each other. One
end of the rope being thus apparently made firm to the ledge, the other, to which we
fastened a fragment of the rock, rested on the ground below, a distance of some fifty feet.
I was a younger man and a more active man than my companion, and having served on
board ship in my boyhood, this mode of transit was more familiar to me than to him. In a
whisper I claimed the precedence, so that when I gained the ground I might serve to hold
the rope more steady for his descent. I got safely to the ground beneath, and the engineer
now began to lower himself. But he had scarcely accomplished ten feet of the descent,
when the fastenings, which we had fancied so secure, gave way, or rather the rock itself
proved treacherous and crumbled beneath the strain; and the unhappy man was
precipitated to the bottom, falling just at my feet, and bringing down with his fall
splinters of the rock, one of which, fortunately but a small one, struck and for the time
stunned me. When I recovered my senses I saw my companion an inanimate mass beside
me, life utterly extinct. While I was bending over his corpse in grief and horror, I heard
close at hand a strange sound between a snort and a hiss; and turning instinctively to the
quarter from which it came, I saw emerging from a dark fissure in the rock a vast and
terrible head, with open jaws and dull, ghastly, hungry eyes- the head of a monstrous
reptile resembling that of the crocodile or alligator, but infinitely larger than the largest
creature of that kind I had ever beheld in my travels. I started to my feet and fled down
the valley at my utmost speed. I stopped at last, ashamed of my panic and my flight, and
returned to the spot on which I had left the body of my friend. It was gone; doubtless the
monster had already drawn it into its den and devoured it. the rope and the grapplinghooks
still lay where they had fallen, but they afforded me no chance of return; it was
impossible to re-attach them to the rock above, and the sides of the rock were too sheer
and smooth for human steps to clamber. I was alone in this strange world, amidst the
bowels of the earth.

Chapter 3

Slowly and cautiously I went my solitary way down the lamplit road and towards the
large building I have described. The road itself seemed like a great Alpine pass, skirting
rocky mountains of which the one through whose chasm I had descended formed a link.
Deep below to the left lay a vast valley, which presented to my astonished eye the
unmistakeable evidences of art and culture. There were fields covered with a strange
vegetation, similar to none I have seen above the earth; the colour of it not green, but
rather of a dull and leaden hue or of a golden red.

There were lakes and rivulets which seemed to have been curved into artificial banks;
some of pure water, others that shone like pools of naphtha. At my right hand, ravines
and defiles opened amidst the rocks, with passes between, evidently constructed by art,
and bordered by trees resembling, for the most part, gigantic ferns, with exquisite
varieties of feathery foliage, and stems like those of the palm-tree. Others were more like
the cane-plant, but taller, bearing large clusters of flowers. Others, again, had the form of
enormous fungi, with short thick stems supporting a wide dome-like roof, from which
either rose or drooped long slender branches. The whole scene behind, before, and beside
me far as the eye could reach, was brilliant with innumerable lamps. The world without a
sun was bright and warm as an Italian landscape at noon, but the air less oppressive, the
heat softer. Nor was the scene before me void of signs of habitation. I could distinguish at
a distance, whether on the banks of the lake or rivulet, or half-way upon eminences,
embedded amidst the vegetation, buildings that must surely be the homes of men. I could
even discover, though far off, forms that appeared to me human moving amidst the
landscape. As I paused to gaze, I saw to the right, gliding quickly through the air, what
appeared a small boat, impelled by sails shaped like wings. It soon passed out of sight,
descending amidst the shades of a forest. Right above me there was no sky, but only a
cavernous roof. This roof grew higher and higher at the distance of the landscapes
beyond, till it became imperceptible, as an atmosphere of haze formed itself beneath.
Continuing my walk, I started,- from a bush that resembled a great tangle of sea-weeds,
interspersed with fern-like shrubs and plants of large leafage shaped like that of the aloe
or prickly-pear,- a curious animal about the size and shape of a deer. But as, after
bounding away a few paces, it turned round and gazed at me inquisitively, I perceived
that it was not like any species of deer now extant above the earth, but it brought instantly
to my recollection a plaster cast I had seen in some museum of a variety of the elk stag,
said to have existed before the Deluge. The creature seemed tame enough, and, after
inspecting me a moment or two, began to graze on the singular herbiage around
undismayed and careless.

Chapter 4

I now came in full sight of the building. Yes, it had been made by hands, and hollowed
partly out of a great rock. I should have supposed it at the first glance to have been of the
earliest form of Egyptian architecture. It was fronted by huge columns, tapering upward
from massive plinths, and with capitals that, as I came nearer, I perceived to be more
ornamental and more fantastically graceful that Egyptian architecture allows. As the
Corinthian capital mimics the leaf of the acanthus, so the capitals of these columns
imitated the foliage of the vegetation neighbouring them, some aloe-like, some fern-like.
And now there came out of this building a form- human;- was it human? It stood on the
broad way and looked around, beheld me and approached. It came within a few yards of
me, and at the sight and presence of it an indescribable awe and tremor seized me, rooting
my feet to the ground. It reminded me of symbolical images of Genius or Demon that are
seen on Etruscan vases or limned on the walls of Eastern sepulchres- images that borrow
the outlines of man, and are yet of another race. It was tall, not gigantic, but tall as the
tallest man below the height of giants.

Its chief covering seemed to me to be composed of large wings folded over its breast and
reaching to its knees; the rest of its attire was composed of an under tunic and leggings of
some thin fibrous material. It wore on its head a kind of tiara that shone with jewels, and
carried in its right hand a slender staff of bright metal like polished steel. But the face! it
was that which inspired my awe and my terror. It was the face of man, but yet of a type of
man distinct from our known extant races. The nearest approach to it in outline and
expression is the face of the sculptured sphinx- so regular in its calm, intellectual,
mysterious beauty. Its colour was peculiar, more like that of the red man than any other
variety of our species, and yet different from it- a richer and a softer hue, with large black
eyes, deep and brilliant, and brows arched as a semicircle. The face was beardless; but a
nameless something in the aspect, tranquil though the expression, and beauteous though
the features, roused that instinct of danger which the sight of a tiger or serpent arouses. I
felt that this manlike image was endowed with forces inimical to man. As it drew near, a
cold shudder came over me. I fell on my knees and covered my face with my hands.

Chapter 5

A voice accosted me- a very quiet and very musical key of voice- in a language of which
I could not understand a word, but it served to dispel my fear. I uncovered my face and
looked up. The stranger (I could scarcely bring myself to call him man) surveyed me with
an eye that seemed to read to the very depths of my heart. He then placed his left hand on
my forehead, and with the staff in his right, gently touched my shoulder. The effect of
this double contact was magical. In place of my former terror there passed into me a
sense of contentment, of joy, of confidence in myself and in the being before me. I rose
and spoke in my own language. He listened to me with apparent attention, but with a
slight surprise in his looks; and shook his head, as if to signify that I was not understood.
He then took me by the hand and led me in silence to the building. The entrance was
open- indeed there was no door to it. We entered an immense hall, lighted by the same
kind of lustre as in the scene without, but diffusing a fragrant odour. The floor was in
large tesselated blocks of precious metals, and partly covered with a sort of matlike
carpeting. A strain of low music, above and around, undulated as if from invisible
instruments, seeming to belong naturally to the place, just as the sound of murmuring
waters belongs to a rocky landscape, or the warble of birds to vernal groves.

A figure in a simpler garb than that of my guide, but of similar fashion, was standing
motionless near the threshold. My guide touched it twice with his staff, and it put itself
into a rapid and gliding movement, skimming noiselessly over the floor. Gazing on it, I
then saw that it was no living form, but a mechanical automaton. It might be two minutes
after it vanished through a doorless opening, half screened by curtains at the other end of
the hall, when through the same opening advanced a boy of about twelve years old, with
features closely resembling those of my guide, so that they seemed to me evidently son
and father. On seeing me the child uttered a cry, and lifted a staff like that borne by my
guide, as if in menace. At a word from the elder he dropped it. The two then conversed
for some moments, examining me while they spoke. The child touched my garments, and
stroked my face with evident curiosity, uttering a sound like a laugh, but with an hilarity
more subdued that the mirth of our laughter. Presently the roof of the hall opened, and a
platform descended, seemingly constructed on the same principle as the 'lifts' used in
hotels and warehouses for mounting from one story to another.

The stranger placed himself and the child on the platform, and motioned to me to do the
same, which I did. We ascended quickly and safely, and alighted in the midst of a
corridor with doorways on either side.

Through one of these doorways I was conducted into a chamber fitted up with an oriental
splendour; the walls were tesselated with spars, and metals, and uncut jewels; cushions
and divans abounded; apertures as for windows but unglazed, were made in the chamber
opening to the floor; and as I passed along I observed that these openings led into
spacious balconies, and commanded views of the illumined landscape without. In cages
suspended from the ceiling there were birds of strange form and bright plumage, which at
our entrance set up a chorus of song, modulated into tune as is that of our piping
bullfinches. A delicious fragrance, from censers of gold elaborately sculptured, filled the
air. Several automata, like the one I had seen, stood dumb and motionless by the walls.
The stranger placed me beside him on a divan and again spoke to me, and again I spoke,
but without the least advance towards understanding each other.

But now I began to feel the effects of the blow I had received from the splinters of the
falling rock more acutely that I had done at first.

There came over me a sense of sickly faintness, accompanied with acute, lancinating
pains in the head and neck. I sank back on the seat and strove in vain to stifle a groan. On
this the child, who had hitherto seemed to eye me with distrust or dislike, knelt by my
side to support me; taking one of my hands in both his own, he approached his lips to my
forehead, breathing on it softly. In a few moments my pain ceased; a drowsy, heavy calm
crept over me; I fell asleep.

How long I remained in this state I know not, but when I woke I felt perfectly restored.
My eyes opened upon a group of silent forms, seated around me in the gravity and
quietude of Orientals- all more or less like the first stranger; the same mantling wings, the
same fashion of garment, the same sphinx-like faces, with the deep dark eyes and red
man's colour; above all, the same type of race- race akin to man's, but infinitely stronger
of form and grandeur of aspect- and inspiring the same unutterable feeling of dread. Yet
each countenance was mild and tranquil, and even kindly in expression. And, strangely
enough, it seemed to me that in this very calm and benignity consisted the secret of the
dread which the countenances inspired. They seemed as void of the lines and shadows
which care and sorrow, and passion and sin, leave upon the faces of men, as are the faces
of sculptured gods, or as, in the eyes of Christian mourners, seem the peaceful brows of
the dead.

I felt a warm hand on my shoulder; it was the child's. In his eyes there was a sort of lofty
pity and tenderness, such as that with which we may gaze on some suffering bird or
butterfly. I shrank from that touch- I shrank from that eye. I was vaguely impressed with
a belief that, had he so pleased, that child could have killed me as easily as a man can kill
a bird or a butterfly. The child seemed pained at my repugnance, quitted me, and placed
himself beside one of the windows. The others continued to converse with each other in a
low tone, and by their glances towards me I could perceive that I was the object of their
conversation. One in especial seemed to be urging some proposal affecting me on the
being whom I had first met, and this last by his gesture seemed about to assent to it, when
the child suddenly quitted his post by the window, placed himself between me and the
other forms, as if in protection, and spoke quickly and eagerly. By some intuition or
instinct I felt that the child I had before so dreaded was pleading in my behalf. Ere he had
ceased another stranger entered the room. He appeared older than the rest, though not old;
his countenance less smoothly serene than theirs, though equally regular in its features,
seemed to me to have more the touch of a humanity akin to my own. He listened quietly
to the words addressed to him, first by my guide, next by two others of the group, and
lastly by the child; then turned towards myself, and addressed me, not by words, but by
signs and gestures. These I fancied that I perfectly understood, and I was not mistaken. I
comprehended that he inquired whence I came. I extended my arm, and pointed towards
the road which had led me from the chasm in the rock; then an idea seized me. I drew
forth my pocket-book, and sketched on one of its blank leaves a rough design of the ledge
of the rock, the rope, myself clinging to it; then of the cavernous rock below, the head of
the reptile, the lifeless form of my friend. I gave this primitive kind of hieroglyph to my
interrogator, who, after inspecting it gravely, handed it to his next neighbour, and it thus
passed round the group. The being I had at first encountered then said a few words, and
the child, who approached and looked at my drawing, nodded as if he comprehended its
purport, and, returning to the window, expanded the wings attached to his form, shook
them once or twice, and then launched himself into space without. I started up in amaze
and hastened to the window. The child was already in the air, buoyed on his wings, which
he did not flap to and fro as a bird does, but which were elevated over his head, and
seemed to bear him steadily aloft without effort of his own. His flight seemed as swift as
an eagle's; and I observed that it was towards the rock whence I had descended, of which
the outline loomed visible in the brilliant atmosphere. In a very few minutes he returned,
skimming through the opening from which he had gone, and dropping on the floor the
rope and grappling-hooks I had left at the descent from the chasm. Some words in a low
tone passed between the being present; one of the group touched an automaton, which
started forward and glided from the room; then the last comer, who had addressed me by
gestures, rose, took me by the hand, and led me into the corridor. There the platform by
which I had mounted awaited us; we placed ourselves on it and were lowered into the hall
below. My new companion, still holding me by the hand, conducted me from the building
into a street (so to speak) that stretched beyond it, with buildings on either side, separated
from each other by gardens bright with rich-coloured vegetation and strange flowers.
Interspersed amidst these gardens, which were divided from each other by low walls, or
walking slowly along the road, were many forms similar to those I had already seen.
Some of the passers-by, on observing me, approached my guide, evidently by their tones,
looks, and gestures addressing to him inquiries about myself. In a few moments a crowd
collected around us, examining me with great interest, as if I were some rare wild animal.

Yet even in gratifying their curiosity they preserved a grave and courteous demeanour;
and after a few words from my guide, who seemed to me to deprecate obstruction in our
road, they fell back with a stately inclination of head, and resumed their own way with
tranquil indifference. Midway in this thoroughfare we stopped at a building that differed
from those we had hitherto passed, inasmuch as it formed three sides of a vast court, at
the angles of which were lofty pyramidal towers; in the open space between the sides was
a circular fountain of colossal dimensions, and throwing up a dazzling spray of what
seemed to me fire. We entered the building through an open doorway and came into an
enormous hall, in which were several groups of children, all apparently employed in
work as at some great factory. There was a huge engine in the wall which was in full
play, with wheels and cylinders resembling our own steam-engines, except that it was
richly ornamented with precious stones and metals, and appeared to emanate a pale
phosphorescent atmosphere of shifting light. Many of the children were at some
mysterious work on this machinery, others were seated before tables. I was not allowed to
linger long enough to examine into the nature of their employment. Not one young voice
was heard- not one young face turned to gaze on us. They were all still and indifferent as
may be ghosts, through the midst of which pass unnoticed the forms of the living.

Quitting this hall, my guide led me through a gallery richly painted in compartments,
with a barbaric mixture of gold in the colours, like pictures by Louis Cranach. The
subjects described on these walls appeared to my glance as intended to illustrate events in
the history of the race amidst which I was admitted. In all there were figures, most of
them like the manlike creatures I had seen, but not all in the same fashion of garb, nor all
with wings. There were also the effigies of various animals and birds, wholly strange to
me, with backgrounds depicting landscapes or buildings. So far as my imperfect
knowledge of the pictorial art would allow me to form an opinion, these paintings seemed
very accurate in design and very rich in colouring, showing a perfect knowledge of
perspective, but their details not arranged according to the rules of composition
acknowledged by our artists- wanting, as it were, a centre; so that the effect was vague,
scattered, confused, bewildering- they were like heterogeneous fragments of a dream of

We now came into a room of moderate size, in which was assembled what I afterwards
knew to be the family of my guide, seated at a table spread as for repast. The forms thus
grouped were those of my guide's wife, his daughter, and two sons. I recognised at once
the difference between the two sexes, though the two females were of taller stature and
ampler proportions than the males; and their countenances, if still more symmetrical in
outline and contour, were devoid of the softness and timidity of expression which give
charm to the face of woman as seen on the earth above. The wife wore no wings, the
daughter wore wings longer than those of the males.

My guide uttered a few words, on which all the persons seated rose, and with that
peculiar mildness of look and manner which I have before noticed, and which is, in truth,
the common attribute of this formidable race, they saluted me according to their fashion,
which consists in laying the right hand very gently on the head and uttering a soft sibilant
monosyllable- S.Si, equivalent to "Welcome."

The mistress of the house then seated me beside her, and heaped a golden platter before
me from one of the dishes.

While I ate (and though the viands were new to me, I marvelled more at the delicacy than
the strangeness of their flavour), my companions conversed quietly, and, so far as I could
detect, with polite avoidance of any direct reference to myself, or any obtrusive scrutiny
of my appearance. Yet I was the first creature of that variety of the human race to which I
belong that they had ever beheld, and was consequently regarded by them as a most
curious and abnormal phenomenon. But all rudeness is unknown to this people, and the
youngest child is taught to despise any vehement emotional demonstration. when the
meal was ended, my guide again took me by the hand, and, re-entering the gallery,
touched a metallic plate inscribed with strange figures, and which I rightly conjectured to
be of the nature of our telegraphs. A platform descended, but this time we mounted to a
much greater height than in the former building, and found ourselves in a room of
moderate dimensions, and which in its general character had much that might be familiar
to the associations of a visitor from the upper world. There were shelves on the wall
containing what appeared to be books, and indeed were so; mostly very small, like our
diamond duodecimos, shaped in the fashion of our volumes, and bound in sheets of fine
metal. There were several curious-looking pieces of mechanism scattered about,
apparently models, such as might be seen in the study of any professional mechanician.

Four automata (mechanical contrivances which, with these people, answer the ordinary
purposes of domestic service) stood phantom-like at each angle in the wall. In a recess
was a low couch, or bed with pillows. A window, with curtains of some fibrous material
drawn aside, opened upon a large balcony. My host stepped out into the balcony; I
followed him. We were on the uppermost story of one of the angular pyramids; the view
beyond was of a wild and solemn beauty impossible to describe:- the vast ranges of
precipitous rock which formed the distant background, the intermediate valleys of mystic
many-coloured herbiage, the flash of waters, many of them like streams of roseate flame,
the serene lustre diffused over all by myriads of lamps, combined to form a whole of
which no words of mine can convey adequate description; so splendid was it, yet so
sombre; so lovely, yet so awful.

But my attention was soon diverted from these nether landscapes. Suddenly there arose,
as from the streets below, a burst of joyous music; then a winged form soared into the
space; another as if in chase of the first, another and another; others after others, till the
crowd grew thick and the number countless. But how describe the fantastic grace of these
forms in their undulating movements! They appeared engaged in some sport or
amusement; now forming into opposite squadrons; now scattering; now each group
threading the other, soaring, descending, interweaving, severing; all in measured time to
the music below, as if in the dance of the fabled Peri.

I turned my gaze on my host in a feverish wonder. I ventured to place my hand on the
large wings that lay folded on his breast, and in doing so a slight shock as of electricity
passed through me. I recoiled in fear; my host smiled, and as if courteously to gratify my
curiosity, slowly expanded his pinions. I observed that his garment beneath them became
dilated as a bladder that fills with air. The arms seemed to slide into the wings, and in
another moment he had launched himself into the luminous atmosphere, and hovered
there, still, and with outspread wings, as an eagle that basks in the sun. Then, rapidly as
an eagle swoops, he rushed downwards into the midst of one of the groups, skimming
through the midst, and as suddenly again soaring aloft. Thereon, three forms, in one of
which I thought to recognise my host's daughter, detached themselves from the rest, and
followed him as a bird sportively follows a bird. My eyes, dazzled with the lights and
bewildered by the throngs, ceased to distinguish the gyrations and evolutions of these
winged playmates, till presently my host re-emerged from the crowd and alighted at my

The strangeness of all I had seen began now to operate fast on my senses; my mind itself
began to wander. Though not inclined to be superstitious, nor hitherto believing that man
could be brought into bodily communication with demons, I felt the terror and the wild
excitement with which, in the Gothic ages, a traveller might have persuaded himself that
he witnessed a 'sabbat' of fiends and witches. I have a vague recollection of having
attempted with vehement gesticulation, and forms of exorcism, and loud incoherent
words, to repel my courteous and indulgent host; of his mild endeavors to calm and
soothe me; of his intelligent conjecture that my fright and bewilderment were occasioned
by the difference of form and movement between us which the wings that had excited my
marvelling curiosity had, in exercise, made still more strongly perceptible; of the gentle
smile with which he had sought to dispel my alarm by dropping the wings to the ground
and endeavouring to show me that they were but a mechanical contrivance. That sudden
transformation did but increase my horror, and as extreme fright often shows itself by
extreme daring, I sprang at his throat like a wild beast. On an instant I was felled to the
ground as by an electric shock, and the last confused images floating before my sight ere
I became wholly insensible, were the form of my host kneeling beside me with one hand
on my forehead, and the beautiful calm face of his daughter, with large, deep, inscrutable
eyes intently fixed upon my own.

Chapter 6

I remained in this unconscious state, as I afterwards learned, for many days, even for
some weeks according to our computation of time. When I recovered I was in a strange
room, my host and all his family were gathered round me, and to my utter amaze my
host's daughter accosted me in my own language with a slightly foreign accent.
"How do you feel?" she asked.

It was some moments before I could overcome my surprise enough to falter out, "You
know my language? How? Who and what are you?"

My host smiled and motioned to one of his sons, who then took from a table a number of
thin metallic sheets on which were traced drawings of various figures- a house, a tree, a
bird, a man, &c.

In these designs I recognised my own style of drawing. Under each figure was written the
name of it in my language, and in my writing; and in another handwriting a word strange
to me beneath it.

Said the host, "Thus we began; and my daughter Zee, who belongs to the College of
Sages, has been your instructress and ours too."

Zee then placed before me other metallic sheets, on which, in my writing, words first, and
then sentences, were inscribed. Under each word and each sentence strange characters in
another hand. Rallying my senses, I comprehended that thus a rude dictionary had been
effected. Had it been done while I was dreaming? "That is enough now," said Zee, in a
tone of command. "Repose and take food."

Chapter 7

A room to myself was assigned to me in this vast edifice. It was prettily and fantastically
arranged, but without any of the splendour of metal-work or gems which was displayed
in the more public apartments. The walls were hung with a variegated matting made from
the stalks and fibers of plants, and the floor carpeted with the same.

The bed was without curtains, its supports of iron resting on balls of crystal; the
coverings, of a thin white substance resembling cotton. There were sundry shelves
containing books. A curtained recess communicated with an aviary filled with singingbirds,
of which I did not recognise one resembling those I have seen on earth, except a
beautiful species of dove, though this was distinguished from our doves by a tall crest of
bluish plumes. All these birds had been trained to sing in artful tunes, and greatly
exceeded the skill of our piping bullfinches, which can rarely achieve more than two
tunes, and cannot, I believe, sing those in concert. One might have supposed one's self at
an opera in listening to the voices in my aviary. There were duets and trios, and quartetts
and choruses, all arranged as in one piece of music. Did I want silence from the birds? I
had but to draw a curtain over the aviary, and their song hushed as they found themselves
left in the dark. Another opening formed a window, not glazed, but on touching a spring,
a shutter ascended from the floor, formed of some substance less transparent than glass,
but still sufficiently pellucid to allow a softened view of the scene without. To this
window was attached a balcony, or rather hanging garden, wherein grew many graceful
plants and brilliant flowers. The apartment and its appurtenances had thus a character, if
strange in detail, still familiar, as a whole, to modern notions of luxury, and would have
excited admiration if found attached to the apartments of an English duchess or a
fashionable French author. Before I arrived this was Zee's chamber; she had hospitably
assigned it to me.

Some hours after the waking up which is described in my last chapter, I was lying alone
on my couch trying to fix my thoughts on conjecture as to the nature and genus of the
people amongst whom I was thrown, when my host and his daughter Zee entered the
room. My host, still speaking my native language, inquired with much politeness,
whether it would be agreeable to me to converse, or if I preferred solitude. I replied, that I
should feel much honoured and obliged by the opportunity offered me to express my
gratitude for the hospitality and civilities I had received in a country to which I was a
stranger, and to learn enough of its customs and manners not to offend through ignorance.
As I spoke, I had of course risen from my couch: but Zee, much to my confusion, curtly
ordered me to lie down again, and there was something in her voice and eye, gentle as
both were, that compelled my obedience. She then seated herself unconcernedly at the
foot of my bed, while her father took his place on a divan a few feet distant.

"But what part of the world do you come from?" asked my host, "that we should appear
so strange to you and you to us? I have seen individual specimens of nearly all the races
differing from our own, except the primeval savages who dwell in the most desolate and
remote recesses of uncultivated nature, unacquainted with other light than that they
obtain from volcanic fires, and contented to grope their way in the dark, as do many
creeping, crawling and flying things. But certainly you cannot be a member of those
barbarous tribes, nor, on the other hand, do you seem to belong to any civilised people."
I was somewhat nettled at this last observation, and replied that I had the honour to
belong to one of the most civilised nations of the earth; and that, so far as light was
concerned, while I admired the ingenuity and disregard of expense with which my host
and his fellow-citizens had contrived to illumine the regions unpenetrated by the rays of
the sun, yet I could not conceive how any who had once beheld the orbs of heaven could
compare to their lustre the artificial lights invented by the necessities of man. But my host
said he had seen specimens of most of the races differing from his own, save the
wretched barbarians he had mentioned. Now, was it possible that he had never been on
the surface of the earth, or could he only be referring to communities buried within its

My host was for some moments silent; his countenance showed a degree of surprise
which the people of that race very rarely manifest under any circumstances, howsoever
extraordinary. But Zee was more intelligent, and exclaimed, "So you see, my father, that
there is truth in the old tradition; there always is truth in every tradition commonly
believed in all times and by all tribes."

"Zee," said my host mildly, "you belong to the College of Sages, and ought to be wiser
than I am; but, as chief of the Light-preserving Council, it is my duty to take nothing for
granted till it is proved to the evidence of my own senses." Then, turning to me, he asked
me several questions about the surface of the earth and the heavenly bodies; upon which,
though I answered him to the best of my knowledge, my answers seemed not to satisfy
nor convince him. He shook his head quietly, and, changing the subject rather abruptly,
asked how I had come down from what he was pleased to call one world to the other. I
answered, that under the surface of the earth there were mines containing minerals, or
metals, essential to our wants and our progress in all arts and industries; and I then briefly
explained the manner in which, while exploring one of those mines, I and my ill-fated
friend had obtained a glimpse of the regions into which we had descended, and how the
descent had cost him his life; appealing to the rope and grappling- hooks that the child
had brought to the house in which I had been at first received, as a witness of the
truthfulness of my story.

My host then proceeded to question me as to the habits and modes of life among the races
on the upper earth, more especially among those considered to be the most advanced in
that civilisation which he was pleased to define "the art of diffusing throughout a
community the tranquil happiness which belongs to a virtuous and well-ordered
household." Naturally desiring to represent in the most favourable colours the world from
which I came, I touched but slightly, though indulgently, on the antiquated and decaying
institutions of Europe, in order to expatiate on the present grandeur and prospective preeminence
of that glorious American Republic, in which Europe enviously seeks its model
and tremblingly foresees its doom. Selecting for an example of the social life of the
United States that city in which progress advances at the fastest rate, I indulged in an
animated description of the moral habits of New York. Mortified to see, by the faces of
my listeners, that I did not make the favourable impression I had anticipated, I elevated
my theme; dwelling on the excellence of democratic institutions, their promotion of
tranquil happiness by the government of party, and the mode in which they diffused such
happiness throughout the community by preferring, for the exercise of power and the
acquisition of honours, the lowliest citizens in point of property, education, and character.
Fortunately recollecting the peroration of a speech, on the purifying influences of
American democracy and their destined spread over the world, made by a certain
eloquent senator (for whose vote in the Senate a Railway Company, to which my two
brothers belonged, had just paid 20,000 dollars), I wound up by repeating its glowing
predictions of the magnificent future that smiled upon mankind- when the flag of
freedom should float over an entire continent, and two hundred millions of intelligent
citizens, accustomed from infancy to the daily use of revolvers, should apply to a
cowering universe the doctrine of the Patriot Monroe.

When I had concluded, my host gently shook his head, and fell into a musing study,
making a sign to me and his daughter to remain silent while he reflected. And after a time
he said, in a very earnest and solemn tone, "If you think as you say, that you, though a
stranger, have received kindness at the hands of me and mine, I adjure you to reveal
nothing to any other of our people respecting the world from which you came, unless, on
consideration, I give you permission to do so. Do you consent to this request?"

"Of course I pledge my word, to it," said I, somewhat amazed; and I extended my right
hand to grasp his. But he placed my hand gently on his forehead and his own right hand
on my breast, which is the custom amongst this race in all matters of promise or verbal
obligations. Then turning to his daughter, he said, "And you, Zee, will not repeat to any
one what the stranger has said, or may say, to me or to you, of a world other than our
own." Zee rose and kissed her father on the temples, saying, with a smile, "A Gy's tongue
is wanton, but love can fetter it fast. And if, my father, you fear lest a chance word from
me or yourself could expose our community to danger, by a desire to explore a world
beyond us, will not a wave of the 'vril,' properly impelled, wash even the memory of what
we have heard the stranger say out of the tablets of the brain?"

"What is the vril?" I asked.

Therewith Zee began to enter into an explanation of which I understood very little, for
there is no word in any language I know which is an exact synonym for vril. I should call
it electricity, except that it comprehends in its manifold branches other forces of nature,
to which, in our scientific nomenclature, differing names are assigned, such as
magnetism, galvanism, &c. These people consider that in vril they have arrived at the
unity in natural energetic agencies, which has been conjectured by many philosophers
above ground, and which Faraday thus intimates under the more cautious term of

"I have long held an opinion," says that illustrious experimentalist, "almost amounting to
a conviction, in common, I believe, with many other lovers of natural knowledge, that the
various forms under which the forces of matter are made manifest, have one common
origin; or, in other words, are so directly related and mutually dependent that they are
convertible, as it were into one another, and possess equivalents of power in their action."
These subterranean philosophers assert that by one operation of vril, which Faraday
would perhaps call 'atmospheric magnetism,' they can influence the variations of
temperature- in plain words, the weather; that by operations, akin to those ascribed to
mesmerism, electro-biology, odic force, &c., but applied scientifically, through vril
conductors, they can exercise influence over minds, and bodies animal and vegetable, to
an extent not surpassed in the romances of our mystics. To all such agencies they give the
common name of vril. Zee asked me if, in my world, it was not known that all the
faculties of the mind could be quickened to a degree unknown in the waking state, by
trance or vision, in which the thoughts of one brain could be transmitted to another, and
knowledge be thus rapidly interchanged. I replied, that there were amongst us stories told
of such trance or vision, and that I had heard much and seen something in mesmeric
clairvoyance; but that these practices had fallen much into disuse or contempt, partly
because of the gross impostures to which they had been made subservient, and partly
because, even where the effects upon certain abnormal constitutions were genuinely
produced, the effects when fairly examined and analysed, were very unsatisfactory- not to
be relied upon for any systematic truthfulness or any practical purpose, and rendered very
mischievous to credulous persons by the superstitions they tended to produce. Zee
received my answers with much benignant attention, and said that similar instances of
abuse and credulity had been familiar to their own scientific experience in the infancy of
their knowledge, and while the properties of vril were misapprehended, but that she
reserved further discussion on this subject till I was more fitted to enter into it. She
contented herself with adding, that it was through the agency of vril, while I had been
placed in the state of trance, that I had been made acquainted with the rudiments of their
language; and that she and her father, who alone of the family, took the pains to watch
the experiment, had acquired a greater proportionate knowledge of my language than I of
their own; partly because my language was much simpler than theirs, comprising far less
of complex ideas; and partly because their organisation was, by hereditary culture, much
more ductile and more readily capable of acquiring knowledge than mine. At this I
secretly demurred; and having had in the course of a practical life, to sharpen my wits,
whether at home or in travel, I could not allow that my cerebral organisation could
possibly be duller than that of people who had lived all their lives by lamplight. However,
while I was thus thinking, Zee quietly pointed her forefinger at my forehead, and sent me
to sleep.

Chapter 8

When I once more awoke I saw by my bed-side the child who had brought the rope and
grappling-hooks to the house in which I had been first received, and which, as I
afterwards learned, was the residence of the chief magistrate of the tribe. The child,
whose name was Taee (pronounced Tar-ee), was the magistrate's eldest son. I found that
during my last sleep or trance I had made still greater advance in the language of the
country, and could converse with comparative ease and fluency.

This child was singularly handsome, even for the beautiful race to which he belonged,
with a countenance very manly in aspect for his years, and with a more vivacious and
energetic expression than I had hitherto seen in the serene and passionless faces of the
men. He brought me the tablet on which I had drawn the mode of my descent, and had
also sketched the head of the horrible reptile that had scared me from my friend's corpse.
Pointing to that part of the drawing, Taee put to me a few questions respecting the size
and form of the monster, and the cave or chasm from which it had emerged. His interest
in my answers seemed so grave as to divert him for a while from any curiosity as to
myself or my antecedents. But to my great embarrassment, seeing how I was pledged to
my host, he was just beginning to ask me where I came from, when Zee, fortunately
entered, and, overhearing him, said, "Taee, give to our guest any information he may
desire, but ask none from him in return. To question him who he is, whence he comes, or
wherefore he is here, would be a breach of the law which my father has laid down in this

"So be it," said Taee, pressing his hand to his breast; and from that moment, till the one in
which I saw him last, this child, with whom I became very intimate, never once put to me
any of the questions thus interdicted.

Chapter 9

It was not for some time, and until, by repeated trances, if they are to be so called, my
mind became better prepared to interchange ideas with my entertainers, and more fully to
comprehend differences of manners and customs, at first too strange to my experience to
be seized by my reason, that I was enabled to gather the following details respecting the
origin and history of the subterranean population, as portion of one great family race
called the Ana.

According to the earliest traditions, the remote progenitors of the race had once tenanted
a world above the surface of that in which their descendants dwelt. Myths of that world
were still preserved in their archives, and in those myths were legends of a vaulted dome
in which the lamps were lighted by no human hand. But such legends were considered by
most commentators as allegorical fables. According to these traditions the earth itself, at
the date to which the traditions ascend, was not indeed in its infancy, but in the throes and
travail of transition from one form of development to another, and subject to many
violent revolutions of nature. By one of such revolutions, that portion of the upper world
inhabited by the ancestors of this race had been subjected to inundations, not rapid, but
gradual and uncontrollable, in which all, save a scanty remnant, were submerged and
perished. Whether this be a record of our historical and sacred Deluge, or of some earlier
one contended for by geologists, I do not pretend to conjecture; though, according to the
chronology of this people as compared with that of Newton, it must have been many
thousands of years before the time of Noah. On the other hand, the account of these
writers does not harmonise with the opinions most in vogue among geological
authorities, inasmuch as it places the existence of a human race upon earth at dates long
anterior to that assigned to the terrestrial formation adapted to the introduction of
mammalia. A band of the ill-fated race, thus invaded by the Flood, had, during the march
of the waters, taken refuge in caverns amidst the loftier rocks, and, wandering through
these hollows, they lost sight of the upper world forever. Indeed, the whole face of the
earth had been changed by this great revulsion; land had been turned into sea- sea into
land. In the bowels of the inner earth, even now, I was informed as a positive fact, might
be discovered the remains of human habitation- habitation not in huts and caverns, but in
vast cities whose ruins attest the civilisation of races which flourished before the age of
Noah, and are not to be classified with those genera to which philosophy ascribes the use
of flint and the ignorance of iron.

The fugitives had carried with them the knowledge of the arts they had practised above
ground- arts of culture and civilisation. Their earliest want must have been that of
supplying below the earth the light they had lost above it; and at no time, even in the
traditional period, do the races, of which the one I now sojourned with formed a tribe,
seem to have been unacquainted with the art of extracting light from gases, or
manganese, or petroleum. They had been accustomed in their former state to contend
with the rude forces of nature; and indeed the lengthened battle they had fought with their
conqueror Ocean, which had taken centuries in its spread, had quickened their skill in
curbing waters into dikes and channels. To this skill they owed their preservation in their
new abode. "For many generations," said my host, with a sort of contempt and horror,
"these primitive forefathers are said to have degraded their rank and shortened their lives
by eating the flesh of animals, many varieties of which had, like themselves, escaped the
Deluge, and sought shelter in the hollows of the earth; other animals, supposed to be
unknown to the upper world, those hollows themselves produced."

When what we should term the historical age emerged from the twilight of tradition, the
Ana were already established in different communities, and had attained to a degree of
civilisation very analogous to that which the more advanced nations above the earth now
enjoy. They were familiar with most of our mechanical inventions, including the
application of steam as well as gas. The communities were in fierce competition with
each other. They had their rich and their poor; they had orators and conquerors; they
made war either for a domain or an idea. Though the various states acknowledged various
forms of government, free institutions were beginning to preponderate; popular
assemblies increased in power; republics soon became general; the democracy to which
the most enlightened European politicians look forward as the extreme goal of political
advancement, and which still prevailed among other subterranean races, whom they
despised as barbarians, the loftier family of Ana, to which belonged the tribe I was
visiting, looked back to as one of the crude and ignorant experiments which belong to the
infancy of political science. It was the age of envy and hate, of fierce passions, of
constant social changes more or less violent, of strife between classes, of war between
state and state. This phase of society lasted, however, for some ages, and was finally
brought to a close, at least among the nobler and more intellectual populations, by the
gradual discovery of the latent powers stored in the all-permeating fluid which they
denominate Vril.

According to the account I received from Zee, who, as an erudite professor of the College
of Sages, had studied such matters more diligently than any other member of my host's
family, this fluid is capable of being raised and disciplined into the mightiest agency over
all forms of matter, animate or inanimate. It can destroy like the flash of lightning; yet,
differently applied, it can replenish or invigorate life, heal, and preserve, and on it they
chiefly rely for the cure of disease, or rather for enabling the physical organisation to reestablish
the due equilibrium of its natural powers, and thereby to cure itself. By this
agency they rend way through the most solid substances, and open valleys for culture
through the rocks of their subterranean wilderness. From it they extract the light which
supplies their lamps, finding it steadier, softer, and healthier than the other inflammable
materials they had formerly used.

But the effects of the alleged discovery of the means to direct the more terrible force of
vril were chiefly remarkable in their influence upon social polity. As these effects became
familiarly known and skillfully administered, war between the vril-discoverers ceased,
for they brought the art of destruction to such perfection as to annul all superiority in
numbers, discipline, or military skill. The fire lodged in the hollow of a rod directed by
the hand of a child could shatter the strongest fortress, or cleave its burning way from the
van to the rear of an embattled host. If army met army, and both had command of this
agency, it could be but to the annihilation of each. The age of war was therefore gone, but
with the cessation of war other effects bearing upon the social state soon became
apparent. Man was so completely at the mercy of man, each whom he encountered being
able, if so willing, to slay him on the instant, that all notions of government by force
gradually vanished from political systems and forms of law. It is only by force that vast
communities, dispersed through great distances of space, can be kept together; but now
there was no longer either the necessity of self-preservation or the pride of
aggrandisement to make one state desire to preponderate in population over another.
The Vril-discoverers thus, in the course of a few generations, peacefully split into
communities of moderate size. The tribe amongst which I had fallen was limited to
12,000 families. Each tribe occupied a territory sufficient for all its wants, and at stated
periods the surplus population departed to seek a realm of its own. There appeared no
necessity for any arbitrary selection of these emigrants; there was always a sufficient
number who volunteered to depart.

These subdivided states, petty if we regard either territory or population,- all appertained
to one vast general family. They spoke the same language, though the dialects might
slightly differ. They intermarried; They maintained the same general laws and customs;
and so important a bond between these several communities was the knowledge of vril
and the practice of its agencies, that the word A-Vril was synonymous with civilisation;
and Vril-ya, signifying "The Civilised Nations," was the common name by which the
communities employing the uses of vril distinguished themselves from such of the Ana as
were yet in a state of barbarism.

The government of the tribe of Vril-ya I am treating of was apparently very complicated,
really very simple. It was based upon a principle recognised in theory, though little
carried out in practice, above ground- viz., that the object of all systems of philosophical
thought tends to the attainment of unity, or the ascent through all intervening labyrinths
to the simplicity of a single first cause or principle. Thus in politics, even republican
writers have agreed that a benevolent autocracy would insure the best administration, if
there were any guarantees for its continuance, or against its gradual abuse of the powers
accorded to it. This singular community elected therefore a single supreme magistrate
styled Tur; he held his office nominally for life, but he could seldom be induced to retain
it after the first approach of old age. There was indeed in this society nothing to induce
any of its members to covet the cares of office. No honours, no insignia of higher rank,
were assigned to it. The supreme magistrate was not distinguished from the rest by
superior habitation or revenue. On the other hand, the duties awarded to him were
marvellously light and easy, requiring no preponderant degree of energy or intelligence.
There being no apprehensions of war, there were no armies to maintain; there being no
government of force, there was no police to appoint and direct. What we call crime was
utterly unknown to the Vril-ya; and there were no courts of criminal justice. The rare
instances of civil disputes were referred for arbitration to friends chosen by either party,
or decided by the Council of Sages, which will be described later. There were no
professional lawyers; and indeed their laws were but amicable conventions, for there was
no power to enforce laws against an offender who carried in his staff the power to destroy
his judges. There were customs and regulations to compliance with which, for several
ages, the people had tacitly habituated themselves; or if in any instance an individual felt
such compliance hard, he quitted the community and went elsewhere. There was, in fact,
quietly established amid this state, much the same compact that is found in our private
families, in which we virtually say to any independent grown-up member of the family
whom we receive to entertain, "Stay or go, according as our habits and regulations suit or
displease you." But though there were no laws such as we call laws, no race above
ground is so law-observing. Obedience to the rule adopted by the community has become
as much an instinct as if it were implanted by nature. Even in every household the head of
it makes a regulation for its guidance, which is never resisted nor even cavilled at by
those who belong to the family. They have a proverb, the pithiness of which is much lost
in this paraphrase, "No happiness without order, no order without authority, no authority
without unity." The mildness of all government among them, civil or domestic, may be
signalised by their idiomatic expressions for such terms as illegal or forbidden- viz., "It is
requested not to do so and so." Poverty among the Ana is as unknown as crime; not that
property is held in common, or that all are equals in the extent of their possessions or the
size and luxury of their habitations: but there being no difference of rank or position
between the grades of wealth or the choice of occupations, each pursues his own
inclinations without creating envy or vying; some like a modest, some a more splendid
kind of life; each makes himself happy in his own way. Owing to this absence of
competition, and the limit placed on the population, it is difficult for a family to fall into
distress; there are no hazardous speculations, no emulators striving for superior wealth
and rank. No doubt, in each settlement all originally had the same proportions of land
dealt out to them; but some, more adventurous than others, had extended their
possessions farther into the bordering wilds, or had improved into richer fertility the
produce of their fields, or entered into commerce or trade. Thus, necessarily, some had
grown richer than others, but none had become absolutely poor, or wanting anything
which their tastes desired. If they did so, it was always in their power to migrate, or at the
worst to apply, without shame and with certainty of aid, to the rich, for all the members
of the community considered themselves as brothers of one affectionate and united
family. More upon this head will be treated of incidentally as my narrative proceeds.
The chief care of the supreme magistrate was to communicate with certain active
departments charged with the administration of special details. The most important and
essential of such details was that connected with the due provision of light. Of this
department my host, Aph-Lin, was the chief. Another department, which might be called
the foreign, communicated with the neighbouring kindred states, principally for the
purpose of ascertaining all new inventions; and to a third department all such inventions
and improvements in machinery were committed for trial. Connected with this
department was the College of Sages- a college especially favoured by such of the Ana as
were widowed and childless, and by the young unmarried females, amongst whom Zee
was the most active, and, if what we call renown or distinction was a thing acknowledged
by this people (which I shall later show it is not), among the more renowned or
distinguished. It is by the female Professors of this College that those studies which are
deemed of least use in practical life- as purely speculative philosophy, the history of
remote periods, and such sciences as entomology, conchology, &c.- are the more
diligently cultivated. Zee, whose mind, active as Aristotle's, equally embraced the largest
domains and the minutest details of thought, had written two volumes on the parasite
insect that dwells amid the hairs of a tiger's* paw, which work was considered the best
authority on that interesting subject.

* The animal here referred to has many points of difference from the tiger of the upper
world. It is larger, and with a broader paw, and still more receding frontal. It haunts the
side of lakes and pools, and feeds principally on fishes, though it does not object to any
terrestrial animal of inferior strength that comes in its way. It is becoming very scarce
even in the wild districts, where it is devoured by gigantic reptiles. I apprehended that it
clearly belongs to the tiger species, since the parasite animalcule found in its paw, like
that in the Asiatic tiger, is a miniature image of itself.

But the researches of the sages are not confined to such subtle or elegant studies. They
comprise various others more important, and especially the properties of vril, to the
perception of which their finer nervous organisation renders the female Professors
eminently keen. It is out of this college that the Tur, or chief magistrate, selects
Councillors, limited to three, in the rare instances in which novelty of event or
circumstance perplexes his own judgment.

There are a few other departments of minor consequence, but all are carried on so
noiselessly, and quietly that the evidence of a government seems to vanish altogether, and
social order to be as regular and unobtrusive as if it were a law of nature. Machinery is
employed to an inconceivable extent in all the operations of labour within and without
doors, and it is the unceasing object of the department charged with its administration to
extend its efficiency. There is no class of labourers or servants, but all who are required
to assist or control the machinery are found in the children, from the time they leave the
care of their mothers to the marriageable age, which they place at sixteen for the Gy-ei
(the females), twenty for the Ana (the males). These children are formed into bands and
sections under their own chiefs, each following the pursuits in which he is most pleased,
or for which he feels himself most fitted. Some take to handicrafts, some to agriculture,
some to household work, and some to the only services of danger to which the population
is exposed; for the sole perils that threaten this tribe are, first, from those occasional
convulsions within the earth, to foresee and guard against which tasks their utmost
ingenuity- irruptions of fire and water, the storms of subterranean winds and escaping
gases. At the borders of the domain, and at all places where such peril might be
apprehended, vigilant inspectors are stationed with telegraphic communications to the
hall in which chosen sages take it by turns to hold perpetual sittings. These inspectors are
always selected from the elder boys approaching the age of puberty, and on the principle
that at that age observation is more acute and the physical forces more alert than at any
other. The second service of danger, less grave, is in the destruction of all creatures
hostile to the life, or the culture, or even the comfort, of the Ana. Of these the most
formidable are the vast reptiles, of some of which antediluvian relics are preserved in our
museums, and certain gigantic winged creatures, half bird, half reptile. These, together
with lesser wild animals, corresponding to our tigers or venomous serpents, it is left to
the younger children to hunt and destroy; because, according to the Ana, here
ruthlessness is wanted, and the younger the child the more ruthlessly he will destroy.
There is another class of animals in the destruction of which discrimination is to be used,
and against which children of intermediate age are appointed- animals that do not
threaten the life of man, but ravage the produce of his labour, varieties of the elk and deer
species, and a smaller creature much akin to our rabbit, though infinitely more destructive
to crops, and much more cunning in its mode of depredation. It is the first object of these
appointed infants, to tame the more intelligent of such animals into respect for enclosures
signalised by conspicuous landmarks, as dogs are taught to respect a larder, or even to
guard the master's property. It is only where such creatures are found untamable to this
extent that they are destroyed. Life is never taken away for food or for sport, and never
spared where untamably inimical to the Ana. Concomitantly with these bodily services
and tasks, the mental education of the children goes on till boyhood ceases. It is the
general custom, then, to pass though a course of instruction at the College of Sages, in
which, besides more general studies, the pupil receives special lessons in such vocation
or direction of intellect as he himself selects. Some, however, prefer to pass this period of
probation in travel, or to emigrate, or to settle down at once into rural or commercial
pursuits. No force is put upon individual inclination.

Chapter 10

The word Ana (pronounced broadly 'Arna') corresponds with our plural 'men;' An
(pronounced 'Arn'), the singular, with 'man.' The word for woman is Gy (pronounced
hard, as in Guy); it forms itself into Gy-ei for the plural, but the G becomes soft in the
plural like Jy-ei. They have a proverb to the effect that this difference in pronunciation is
symbolical, for that the female sex is soft in the concrete, but hard to deal with in the
individual. The Gy-ei are in the fullest enjoyment of all the rights of equality with males,
for which certain philosophers above ground contend.

In childhood they perform the offices of work and labour impartially with the boys, and,
indeed, in the earlier age appropriated to the destruction of animals irreclaimably hostile,
the girls are frequently preferred, as being by constitution more ruthless under the
influence of fear or hate. In the interval between infancy and the marriageable age
familiar intercourse between the sexes is suspended. At the marriageable age it is
renewed, never with worse consequences than those which attend upon marriage. All arts
and vocations allotted to the one sex are open to the other, and the Gy-ei arrogate to
themselves a superiority in all those abstruse and mystical branches of reasoning, for
which they say the Ana are unfitted by a duller sobriety of understanding, or the routine
of their matter-of-fact occupations, just as young ladies in our own world constitute
themselves authorities in the subtlest points of theological doctrine, for which few men,
actively engaged in worldly business have sufficient learning or refinement of intellect.
Whether owing to early training in gymnastic exercises, or to their constitutional
organisation, the Gy-ei are usually superior to the Ana in physical strength (an important
element in the consideration and maintenance of female rights). They attain to loftier
stature, and amid their rounder proportions are imbedded sinews and muscles as hardy as
those of the other sex. Indeed they assert that, according to the original laws of nature,
females were intended to be larger than males, and maintain this dogma by reference to
the earliest formations of life in insects, and in the most ancient family of the vertebrataviz.,
fishes- in both of which the females are generally large enough to make a meal of
their consorts if they so desire. Above all, the Gy-ei have a readier and more concentred
power over that mysterious fluid or agency which contains the element of destruction,
with a larger portion of that sagacity which comprehends dissimulation. Thus they cannot
only defend themselves against all aggressions from the males, but could, at any moment
when he least expected his danger, terminate the existence of an offending spouse. To the
credit of the Gy-ei no instance of their abuse of this awful superiority in the art of
destruction is on record for several ages. The last that occurred in the community I speak
of appears (according to their chronology) to have been about two thousand years ago. A
Gy, then, in a fit of jealousy, slew her husband; and this abominable act inspired such
terror among the males that they emigrated in a body and left all the Gy-ei to themselves.
The history runs that the widowed Gy-ei, thus reduced to despair, fell upon the murderess
when in her sleep (and therefore unarmed), and killed her, and then entered into a solemn
obligation amongst themselves to abrogate forever the exercise of their extreme conjugal
powers, and to inculcate the same obligation for ever and ever on their female children.
By this conciliatory process, a deputation despatched to the fugitive consorts succeeded
in persuading many to return, but those who did return were mostly the elder ones. The
younger, either from too craven a doubt of their consorts, or too high an estimate of their
own merits, rejected all overtures, and, remaining in other communities, were caught up
there by other mates, with whom perhaps they were no better off. But the loss of so large
a portion of the male youth operated as a salutary warning on the Gy-ei, and confirmed
them in the pious resolution to which they pledged themselves. Indeed it is now popularly
considered that, by long hereditary disuse, the Gy-ei have lost both the aggressive and
defensive superiority over the Ana which they once possessed, just as in the inferior
animals above the earth many peculiarities in their original formation, intended by nature
for their protection, gradually fade or become inoperative when not needed under altered
circumstances. I should be sorry, however, for any An who induced a Gy to make the
experiment whether he or she were the stronger.

From the incident I have narrated, the Ana date certain alterations in the marriage
customs, tending, perhaps, somewhat to the advantage of the male. They now bind
themselves in wedlock only for three years; at the end of each third year either male or
female can divorce the other and is free to marry again. At the end of ten years the An has
the privilege of taking a second wife, allowing the first to retire if she so please. These regulations are
for the most part a dead letter; divorces and polygamy are extremely rare, and the
marriage state now seems singularly happy and serene among this astonishing people;-
the Gy-ei, notwithstanding their boastful superiority in physical strength and intellectual
abilities, being much curbed into gentle manners by the dread of separation or of a second
wife, and the Ana being very much the creatures of custom, and not, except under great
aggravation, likely to exchange for hazardous novelties faces and manners to which they
are reconciled by habit. But there is one privilege the Gy-ei carefully retain, and the
desire for which perhaps forms the secret motive of most lady asserters of woman rights
above ground. They claim the privilege, here usurped by men, of proclaiming their love
and urging their suit; in other words, of being the wooing party rather than the wooed.
Such a phenomenon as an old maid does not exist among the Gy-ei. Indeed it is very
seldom that a Gy does not secure any An upon whom she sets her heart, if his affections
be not strongly engaged elsewhere. However coy, reluctant, and prudish, the male she
courts may prove at first, yet her perseverance, her ardour, her persuasive powers, her
command over the mystic agencies of vril, are pretty sure to run down his neck into what
we call "the fatal noose." Their argument for the reversal of that relationship of the sexes
which the blind tyranny of man has established on the surface of the earth, appears
cogent, and is advanced with a frankness which might well be commended to impartial
consideration. They say, that of the two the female is by nature of a more loving
disposition than the male- that love occupies a larger space in her thoughts, and is more
essential to her happiness, and that therefore she ought to be the wooing party; that
otherwise the male is a shy and dubitant creature- that he has often a selfish predilection
for the single state- that he often pretends to misunderstand tender glances and delicate
hints- that, in short, he must be resolutely pursued and captured. They add, moreover, that
unless the Gy can secure the An of her choice, and one whom she would not select out of
the whole world becomes her mate, she is not only less happy than she otherwise would
be, but she is not so good a being, that her qualities of heart are not sufficiently
developed; whereas the An is a creature that less lastingly concentrates his affections on
one object; that if he cannot get the Gy whom he prefers he easily reconciles himself to
another Gy; and, finally, that at the worst, if he is loved and taken care of, it is less
necessary to the welfare of his existence that he should love as well as be loved; he grows
contented with his creature comforts, and the many occupations of thought which he
creates for himself.

Whatever may be said as to this reasoning, the system works well for the male; for being
thus sure that he is truly and ardently loved, and that the more coy and reluctant he shows
himself, the more determination to secure him increases, he generally contrives to make
his consent dependent on such conditions as he thinks the best calculated to insure, if not
a blissful, at least a peaceful life. Each individual An has his own hobbies, his own ways,
his own predilections, and, whatever they may be, he demands a promise of full and
unrestrained concession to them. This, in the pursuit of her object, the Gy readily
promises; and as the characteristic of this extraordinary people is an implicit veneration
for truth, and her word once given is never broken even by the giddiest Gy, the conditions
stipulated for are religiously observed. In fact, notwithstanding all their abstract rights
and powers, the Gy-ei are the most amiable, conciliatory, and submissive wives I have
ever seen even in the happiest households above ground. It is an aphorism among them,
that "where a Gy loves it is her pleasure to obey." It will be observed that in the
relationship of the sexes I have spoken only of marriage, for such is the moral perfection
to which this community has attained, that any illicit connection is as little possible
amongst them as it would be to a couple of linnets during the time they agree to live in

Chapter 11

Nothing had more perplexed me in seeking to reconcile my sense to the existence of
regions extending below the surface of the earth, and habitable by beings, if dissimilar
from, still, in all material points of organism, akin to those in the upper world, than the
contradiction thus presented to the doctrine in which, I believe, most geologists and
philosophers concur- viz., that though with us the sun is the great source of heat, yet the
deeper we go beneath the crust of the earth, the greater is the increasing heat, being, it is
said, found in the ratio of a degree for every foot, commencing from fifty feet below the
surface. But though the domains of the tribe I speak of were, on the higher ground, so
comparatively near to the surface, that I could account for a temperature, therein, suitable
to organic life, yet even the ravines and valleys of that realm were much less hot than
philosophers would deem possible at such a depth- certainly not warmer than the south of
France, or at least of Italy. And according to all the accounts I received, vast tracts
immeasurably deeper beneath the surface, and in which one might have thought only
salamanders could exist, were inhabited by innumerable races organised like ourselves, I
cannot pretend in any way to account for a fact which is so at variance with the
recognised laws of science, nor could Zee much help me towards a solution of it. She did
but conjecture that sufficient allowance had not been made by our philosophers for the
extreme porousness of the interior earth- the vastness of its cavities and irregularities,
which served to create free currents of air and frequent winds- and for the various modes
in which heat is evaporated and thrown off. She allowed, however, that there was a depth
at which the heat was deemed to be intolerable to such organised life as was known to the
experience of the Vril-ya, though their philosophers believed that even in such places life
of some kind, life sentient, life intellectual, would be found abundant and thriving, could
the philosophers penetrate to it. "Wherever the All-Good builds," said she, "there, be
sure, He places inhabitants. He loves not empty dwellings." She added, however, that
many changes in temperature and climate had been effected by the skill of the Vril-ya,
and that the agency of vril had been successfully employed in such changes. She
described a subtle and life-giving medium called Lai, which I suspect to be identical with
the ethereal oxygen of Dr. Lewins, wherein work all the correlative forces united under
the name of vril; and contended that wherever this medium could be expanded, as it were,
sufficiently for the various agencies of vril to have ample play, a temperature congenial
to the highest forms of life could be secured. She said also, that it was the belief of their
naturalists that flowers and vegetation had been produced originally (whether developed
from seeds borne from the surface of the earth in the earlier convulsions of nature, or
imported by the tribes that first sought refuge in cavernous hollows) through the
operations of the light constantly brought to bear on them, and the gradual improvement
in culture. She said also, that since the vril light had superseded all other light-giving
bodies, the colours of flower and foliage had become more brilliant, and vegetation had
acquired larger growth.

Leaving these matters to the consideration of those better competent to deal with them, I
must now devote a few pages to the very interesting questions connected with the
language of the Vril-ya.

Chapter 12

The language of the Vril-ya is peculiarly interesting, because it seems to me to exhibit
with great clearness the traces of the three main transitions through which language
passes in attaining to perfection of form.

One of the most illustrious of recent philologists, Max Muller, in arguing for the analogy
between the strata of language and the strata of the earth, lays down this absolute dogma:
"No language can, by any possibility, be inflectional without having passed through the
agglutinative and isolating stratum. No language can be agglutinative without clinging
with its roots to the underlying stratum of isolation."- 'On the Stratification of Language,'
Taking then the Chinese language as the best existing type of the original isolating
stratum, "as the faithful photograph of man in his leading-strings trying the muscles of his
mind, groping his way, and so delighted with his first successful grasps that he repeats
them again and again," (Max Muller, p. 13)- we have, in the language of the Vril-ya, still
"clinging with its roots to the underlying stratum," the evidences of the original isolation.
It abounds in monosyllables, which are the foundations of the language. The transition
into the agglutinative form marks an epoch that must have gradually extended through
ages, the written literature of which has only survived in a few fragments of symbolical
mythology and certain pithy sentences which have passed into popular proverbs. With the
extant literature of the Vril-ya the inflectional stratum commences. No doubt at that time
there must have operated concurrent causes, in the fusion of races by some dominant
people, and the rise of some great literary phenomena by which the form of language
became arrested and fixed. As the inflectional stage prevailed over the agglutinative, it is
surprising to see how much more boldly the original roots of the language project from
the surface that conceals them. In the old fragments and proverbs of the preceding stage
the monosyllables which compose those roots vanish amidst words of enormous length,
comprehending whole sentences from which no one part can be disentangled from the
other and employed separately. But when the inflectional form of language became so far
advanced as to have its scholars and grammarians, they seem to have united in extirpating
all such polysynthetical or polysyllabic monsters, as devouring invaders of the aboriginal
forms. Words beyond three syllables became proscribed as barbarous and in proportion
as the language grew thus simplified it increased in strength, in dignity, and in sweetness.
Though now very compressed in sound, it gains in clearness by that compression. By a
single letter, according to its position, they contrive to express all that with civilised
nations in our upper world it takes the waste, sometimes of syllables, sometimes of
sentences, to express. Let me here cite one or two instances: An (which I will translate
man), Ana (men); the letter 's' is with them a letter implying multitude, according to
where it is placed; Sana means mankind; Ansa, a multitude of men. The prefix of certain
letters in their alphabet invariably denotes compound significations. For instance, Gl
(which with them is a single letter, as 'th' is a single letter with the Greeks) at the
commencement of a word infers an assemblage or union of things, sometimes kindred,
sometimes dissimilar- as Oon, a house; Gloon, a town (i. e., an assemblage of houses).
Ata is sorrow; Glata, a public calamity. Aur-an is the health or wellbeing of a man;
Glauran, the wellbeing of the state, the good of the community; and a word constantly in
ther mouths is A-glauran, which denotes their political creed- viz., that "the first principle
of a community is the good of all." Aub is invention; Sila, a tone in music. Glaubsila, as
uniting the ideas of invention and of musical intonation, is the classical word for poetryabbreviated,
in ordinary conversation, to Glaubs. Na, which with them is, like Gl, but a
single letter, always, when an initial, implies something antagonistic to life or joy or
comfort, resembling in this the Aryan root Nak, expressive of perishing or destruction.
Nax is darkness; Narl, death; Naria, sin or evil. Nas- an uttermost condition of sin and
evil- corruption. In writing, they deem it irreverent to express the Supreme Being by any
special name. He is symbolized by what may be termed the heiroglyphic of a pyramid, /\.
In prayer they address Him by a name which they deem too sacred to confide to a
stranger, and I know it not. In conversation they generally use a periphrastic epithet, such
as the All-Good. The letter V, symbolical of the inverted pyramid, where it is an initial,
nearly always denotes excellence of power; as Vril, of which I have said so much; Veed,
an immortal spirit; Veed-ya, immortality; Koom, pronounced like the Welsh Cwm,
denotes something of hollowness. Koom itself is a cave; Koom-in, a hole; Zi-koom, a
valley; Koom-zi, vacancy or void; Bodh-koom, ignorance (literally, knowledge-void).
Koom-posh is their name for the government of the many, or the ascendancy of the most
ignorant or hollow. Posh is an almost untranslatable idiom, implying, as the reader will
see later, contempt. The closest rendering I can give to it is our slang term, "bosh;" and
this Koom-Posh may be loosely rendered "Hollow-Bosh." But when Democracy or
Koom-Posh degenerates from popular ignorance into that popular passion or ferocity
which precedes its decease, as (to cite illustrations from the upper world) during the
French Reign of Terror, or for the fifty years of the Roman Republic preceding the
ascendancy of Augustus, their name for that state of things is Glek-Nas. Ek is strife-
Glek, the universal strife. Nas, as I before said, is corruption or rot; thus, Glek-Nas may
be construed, "the universal strife-rot." Their compounds are very expressive; thus, Bodh
being knowledge, and Too a participle that implies the action of cautiously approaching,-
Too-bodh is their word for Philosophy; Pah is a contemptuous exclamation analogous to
our idiom, "stuff and nonsense;" Pah-bodh (literally stuff and nonsense-knowledge) is
their term for futile and false philosophy, and applied to a species of metaphysical or
speculative ratiocination formerly in vogue, which consisted in making inquiries that
could not be answered, and were not worth making; such, for instance, as "Why does an
An have five toes to his feet instead of four or six? Did the first An, created by the All-
Good, have the same number of toes as his descendants? In the form by which an An will
be recognised by his friends in the future state of being, will he retain any toes at all, and,
if so, will they be material toes or spiritual toes?" I take these illustrations of Pahbodh,
not in irony or jest, but because the very inquiries I name formed the subject of
controversy by the latest cultivators of that 'science,'- 4000 years ago.

In the declension of nouns I was informed that anciently there were eight cases (one more
than in the Sanskrit Grammar); but the effect of time has been to reduce these cases, and
multiply, instead of these varying terminations, explanatory propositions. At present, in
the Grammar submitted to my study, there were four cases to nouns, three having varying
terminations, and the fourth a differing prefix.


Nom. An, Man, | Nom. Ana, Men.
Dat. Ano, to Man, | Dat. Anoi, to Men.
Ac. Anan, Man, | Ac. Ananda, Men.
Voc. Hil-an, O Man, | Voc. Hil-Ananda, O Men.

In the elder inflectional literature the dual form existed- it has long been obsolete.
The genitive case with them is also obsolete; the dative supplies its place: they say the
House 'to' a Man, instead of the House 'of' a Man. When used (sometimes in poetry), the
genitive in the termination is the same as the nominative; so is the ablative, the
preposition that marks it being a prefix or suffix at option, and generally decided by ear,
according to the sound of the noun. It will be observed that the prefix Hil marks the
vocative case. It is always retained in addressing another, except in the most intimate
domestic relations; its omission would be considered rude: just as in our of forms of
speech in addressing a king it would have been deemed disrespectful to say "King," and
reverential to say "O King." In fact, as they have no titles of honour, the vocative
adjuration supplies the place of a title, and is given impartially to all. The prefix Hil
enters into the composition of words that imply distant communications, as Hil-ya, to

In the conjugation of their verbs, which is much too lengthy a subject to enter on here, the
auxiliary verb Ya, "to go," which plays so considerable part in the Sanskrit, appears and
performs a kindred office, as if it were a radical in some language from which both had
descended. But another auxiliary or opposite signification also accompanies it and shares
its labours- viz., Zi, to stay or repose. Thus Ya enters into the future tense, and Zi in the
preterite of all verbs requiring auxiliaries. Yam, I shall go- Yiam, I may go- Yani-ya, I
shall go (literally, I go to go), Zam-poo-yan, I have gone (literally, I rest from gone). Ya,
as a termination, implies by analogy, progress, movement, efflorescence. Zi, as a
terminal, denotes fixity, sometimes in a good sense, sometimes in a bad, according to the
word with which it is coupled. Iva-zi, eternal goodness; Nan-zi, eternal evil. Poo (from)
enters as a prefix to words that denote repugnance, or things from which we ought to be
averse. Poo-pra, disgust; Poo-naria, falsehood, the vilest kind of evil. Poosh or Posh I
have already confessed to be untranslatable literally. It is an expression of contempt not
unmixed with pity. This radical seems to have originated from inherent sympathy
between the labial effort and the sentiment that impelled it, Poo being an utterance in
which the breath is exploded from the lips with more or less vehemence. On the other
hand, Z, when an initial, is with them a sound in which the breath is sucked inward, and
thus Zu, pronounced Zoo (which in their language is one letter), is the ordinary prefix to
words that signify something that attracts, pleases, touches the heart- as Zummer, lover;
Zutze, love; Zuzulia, delight. This indrawn sound of Z seems indeed naturally appropriate
to fondness. Thus, even in our language, mothers say to their babies, in defiance of
grammar, "Zoo darling;" and I have heard a learned professor at Boston call his wife (he
had been only married a month) "Zoo little pet."

I cannot quit this subject, however, without observing by what slight changes in the
dialects favoured by different tribes of the same race, the original signification and beauty
of sounds may become confused and deformed. Zee told me with much indignation that
Zummer (lover) which in the way she uttered it, seemed slowly taken down to the very
depths of her heart, was, in some not very distant communities of the Vril-ya, vitiated
into the half-hissing, half-nasal, wholly disagreeable, sound of Subber. I thought to
myself it only wanted the introduction of 'n' before 'u' to render it into an English word
significant of the last quality an amorous Gy would desire in her Zummer.

I will but mention another peculiarity in this language which gives equal force and
brevity to its forms of expressions.

A is with them, as with us, the first letter of the alphabet, and is often used as a prefix
word by itself to convey a complex idea of sovereignty or chiefdom, or presiding
principle. For instance, Iva is goodness; Diva, goodness and happiness united; A-Diva is
unerring and absolute truth. I have already noticed the value of A in A-glauran, so, in vril
(to whose properties they trace their present state of civilisation), A-vril, denotes, as I
have said, civilisation itself.

The philologist will have seen from the above how much the language of the Vril-ya is
akin to the Aryan or Indo-Germanic; but, like all languages, it contains words and forms
in which transfers from very opposite sources of speech have been taken. The very title of
Tur, which they give to their supreme magistrate, indicates theft from a tongue akin to the
Turanian. They say themselves that this is a foreign word borrowed from a title which
their historical records show to have been borne by the chief of a nation with whom the
ancestors of the Vril-ya were, in very remote periods, on friendly terms, but which has
long become extinct, and they say that when, after the discovery of vril, they remodelled
their political institutions, they expressly adopted a title taken from an extinct race and a
dead language for that of their chief magistrate, in order to avoid all titles for that office
with which they had previous associations.

Should life be spared to me, I may collect into systematic form such knowledge as I
acquired of this language during my sojourn amongst the Vril-ya. But what I have
already said will perhaps suffice to show to genuine philological students that a language
which, preserving so many of the roots in the aboriginal form, and clearing from the
immediate, but transitory, polysynthetical stage so many rude incumbrances, s from
popular ignorance into that popular passion or ferocity which precedes its decease, as (to
cite illustrations from the upper world) during the French Reign of Terror, or for the fifty
years of the Roman Republic preceding the ascendancy of Augustus, their name for that
state of things is Glek-Nas. Ek is strife- Glek, the universal strife. Nas, as I before said, is
corruption or rot; thus, Glek-Nas may be construed, "the universal strife-rot." Their
compounds are very expressive; thuat which the Ana have attained forbids the
progressive cultivation of literature, especially in the two main divisions of fiction and
history,- I shall have occasion to show later.

Chapter 13

This people have a religion, and, whatever may be said against it, at least it has these
strange peculiarities: firstly, that all believe in the creed they profess; secondly, that they
all practice the precepts which the creed inculcates. They unite in the worship of one
divine Creator and Sustainer of the universe. They believe that it is one of the properties
of the all-permeating agency of vril, to transmit to the well-spring of life and intelligence
every thought that a living creature can conceive; and though they do not contend that the
idea of a Diety is innate, yet they say that the An (man) is the only creature, so far as their
observation of nature extends, to whom 'the capacity of conceiving that idea,' with all the
trains of thought which open out from it, is vouchsafed. They hold that this capacity is a
privilege that cannot have been given in vain, and hence that prayer and thanksgiving are
acceptable to the divine Creator, and necessary to the complete development of the
human creature. They offer their devotions both in private and public. Not being
considered one of their species, I was not admitted into the building or temple in which
the public worship is rendered; but I am informed that the service is exceedingly short,
and unattended with any pomp of ceremony. It is a doctrine with the Vril-ya, that earnest
devotion or complete abstraction from the actual world cannot, with benefit to itself, be
maintained long at a stretch by the human mind, especially in public, and that all attempts
to do so either lead to fanaticism or to hypocrisy. When they pray in private, it is when
they are alone or with their young children.

They say that in ancient times there was a great number of books written upon
speculations as to the nature of the Diety, and upon the forms of belief or worship
supposed to be most agreeable to Him. But these were found to lead to such heated and
angry disputations as not only to shake the peace of the community and divide families
before the most united, but in the course of discussing the attributes of the Diety, the
existence of the Diety Himself became argued away, or, what was worse, became
invested with the passions and infirmities of the human disputants. "For," said my host,
"since a finite being like an An cannot possibly define the Infinite, so, when he
endeavours to realise an idea of the Divinity, he only reduces the Divinity into an An like
himself." During the later ages, therefore, all theological speculations, though not
forbidden, have been so discouraged as to have fallen utterly into disuse. The Vril-ya
unite in a conviction of a future state, more felicitous and more perfect than the present. If
they have very vague notions of the doctrine of rewards and punishments, it is perhaps
because they have no systems of rewards and punishments among themselves, for there
are no crimes to punish, and their moral standard is so even that no An among them is,
upon the whole, considered more virtuous than another. If one excels, perhaps in one
virtue, another equally excels in some other virtue; If one has his prevalent fault or
infirmity, so also another has his. In fact, in their extraordinary mode of life. there are so
few temptations to wrong, that they are good (according to their notions of goodness)
merely because they live. They have some fanciful notions upon the continuance of life,
when once bestowed, even in the vegetable world, as the reader will see in the next

Chapter 14

Though, as I have said, the Vril-ya discourage all speculations on the nature of the
Supreme Being, they appear to concur in a belief by which they think to solve that great
problem of the existence of evil which has so perplexed the philosophy of the upper
world. They hold that wherever He has once given life, with the perceptions of that life,
however faint it be, as in a plant, the life is never destroyed; it passes into new and
improved forms, though not in this planet (differing therein from the ordinary doctrine of
metempsychosis), and that the living thing retains the sense of identity, so that it connects
its past life with its future, and is 'conscious' of its progressive improvement in the scale
of joy. For they say that, without this assumption, they cannot, according to the lights of
human reason vouchsafed to them, discover the perfect justice which must be a
constituent quality of the All-Wise and the All-Good. Injustice, they say, can only
emanate from three causes: want of wisdom to perceive what is just, want of benevolence
to desire, want of power to fulfill it; and that each of these three wants is incompatible in
the All-Wise, the All-Good, the All-Powerful. But that, while even in this life, the
wisdom, the benevolence, and the power of the Supreme Being are sufficiently apparent
to compel our recognition, the justice necessarily resulting from those attributes,
absolutely requires another life, not for man only, but for every living thing of the inferior
orders. That, alike in the animal and the vegetable world, we see one individual rendered,
by circumstances beyond its control, exceedingly wretched compared to its neighboursone
only exists as the prey of another- even a plant suffers from disease till it perishes
prematurely, while the plant next to it rejoices in its vitality and lives out its happy life
free from a pang. That it is an erroneous analogy from human infirmities to reply by
saying that the Supreme Being only acts by general laws, thereby making his own
secondary causes so potent as to mar the essential kindness of the First Cause; and a still
meaner and more ignorant conception of the All-Good, to dismiss with a brief contempt
all consideration of justice for the myriad forms into which He has infused life, and
assume that justice is only due to the single product of the An. There is no small and no
great in the eyes of the divine Life-Giver. But once grant that nothing, however humble,
which feels that it lives and suffers, can perish through the series of ages, that all its
suffering here, if continuous from the moment of its birth to that of its transfer to another
form of being, would be more brief compared with eternity than the cry of the new-born
is compared to the whole life of a man; and once suppose that this living thing retains its
sense of identity when so transformed (for without that sense it could be aware of no
future being), and though, indeed, the fulfilment of divine justice is removed from the
scope of our ken, yet we have a right to assume it to be uniform and universal, and not
varying and partial, as it would be if acting only upon general and secondary laws;
because such perfect justice flows of necessity from perfectness of knowledge to
conceive, perfectness of love to will, and perfectness of power to complete it.
However fantastic this belief of the Vril-ya may be, it tends perhaps to confirm politically
the systems of government which, admitting different degrees of wealth, yet establishes
perfect equality in rank, exquisite mildness in all relations and intercourse, and tenderness
to all created things which the good of the community does not require them to destroy.
And though their notion of compensation to a tortured insect or a cankered flower may
seem to some of us a very wild crotchet, yet, at least, is not a mischievous one; and it may
furnish matter for no unpleasing reflection to think that within the abysses of earth, never
lit by a ray from the material heavens, there should have penetrated so luminous a
conviction of the ineffable goodness of the Creator- so fixed an idea that the general laws
by which He acts cannot admit of any partial injustice or evil, and therefore cannot be
comprehended without reference to their action over all space and throughout all time.
And since, as I shall have occasion to observe later, the intellectual conditions and social
systems of this subterranean race comprise and harmonise great, and apparently
antagonistic, varieties in philosophical doctrine and speculation which have from time to
time been started, discussed, dismissed, and have re-appeared amongst thinkers or
dreamers in the upper world,- so I may perhaps appropriately conclude this reference to
the belief of the Vril-ya, that self-conscious or sentient life once given is indestructible
among inferior creatures as well as in man, by an eloquent passage from the work of that
eminent zoologist, Louis Agassiz, which I have only just met with, many years after I had
committed to paper these recollections of the life of the Vril-ya which I now reduce into
something like arrangement and form: "The relations which individual animals bear to
one another are of such a character that they ought long ago to have been considered as
sufficient proof that no organised being could ever have been called into existence by
other agency than by the direct intervention of a reflective mind. This argues strongly in
favour of the existence in every animal of an immaterial principle similar to that which
by its excellence and superior endowments places man so much above the animals; yet
the principle unquestionably exists, and whether it be called sense, reason, or instinct, it
presents in the whole range of organised beings a series of phenomena closely linked
together, and upon it are based not only the higher manifestations of the mind, but the
very permanence of the specific differences which characterise every organism. Most of
the arguments in favour of the immortality of man apply equally to the permanency of
this principle in other living beings. May I not add that a future life in which man would
be deprived of that great source of enjoyment and intellectual and moral improvement
which results from the contemplation of the harmonies of an organic world would
involve a lamentable loss? And may we not look to a spiritual concert of the combined
worlds and ALL their inhabitants in the presence of their Creator as the highest
conception of paradise?"- 'Essay on Classification,' sect. xvii. p. 97-99.

Chapter 15

Kind to me as I found all in this household, the young daughter of my host was the most
considerate and thoughtful in her kindness. At her suggestion I laid aside the habiliments
in which I had descended from the upper earth, and adopted the dress of the Vril-ya, with
the exception of the artful wings which served them, when on foot, as a graceful mantle.
But as many of the Vril-ya, when occupied in urban pursuits, did not wear these wings,
this exception created no marked difference between myself and the race among whom I
sojourned, and I was thus enabled to visit the town without exciting unpleasant curiosity.
Out of the household no one suspected that I had come from the upper world, and I was
but regarded as one of some inferior and barbarous tribe whom Aph-Lin entertained as a

The city was large in proportion to the territory round it, which was of no greater extent
than many an English or Hungarian nobleman's estate; but the whole if it, to the verge of
the rocks which constituted its boundary, was cultivated to the nicest degree, except
where certain allotments of mountain and pasture were humanely left free to the
sustenance of the harmless animals they had tamed, though not for domestic use. So great
is their kindness towards these humbler creatures, that a sum is devoted from the public
treasury for the purpose of deporting them to other Vril-ya communities willing to
receive them (chiefly new colonies), whenever they become too numerous for the
pastures allotted to them in their native place. They do not, however, multiply to an
extent comparable to the ratio at which, with us, animals bred for slaughter, increase. It
seems a law of nature that animals not useful to man gradually recede from the domains
he occupies, or even become extinct. It is an old custom of the various sovereign states
amidst which the race of the Vril-ya are distributed, to leave between each state a neutral
and uncultivated border-land. In the instance of the community I speak of, this tract,
being a ridge of savage rocks, was impassable by foot, but was easily surmounted,
whether by the wings of the inhabitants or the air-boats, of which I shall speak hereafter.
Roads through it were also cut for the transit of vehicles impelled by vril. These
intercommunicating tracts were always kept lighted, and the expense thereof defrayed by
a special tax, to which all the communities comprehended in the denomination of Vril-ya
contribute in settled proportions. By these means a considerable commercial traffic with
other states, both near and distant, was carried on. The surplus wealth on this special
community was chiefly agricultural. The community was also eminent for skill in
constructing implements connected with the arts of husbandry. In exchange for such
merchandise it obtained articles more of luxury than necessity. There were few things
imported on which they set a higher price than birds taught to pipe artful tunes in concert.
These were brought from a great distance, and were marvellous for beauty of song and
plumage. I understand that extraordinary care was taken by their breeders and teachers in
selection, and that the species had wonderfully improved during the last few years. I saw
no other pet animals among this community except some very amusing and sportive
creatures of the Batrachian species, resembling frogs, but with very intelligent
countenances, which the children were fond of, and kept in their private gardens. They
appear to have no animals akin to our dogs or horses, though that learned naturalist, Zee,
informed me that such creatures had once existed in those parts, and might now be found
in regions inhabited by other races than the Vril-ya. She said that they had gradually
disappeared from the more civilised world since the discovery of vril, and the results
attending that discovery had dispensed with their uses. Machinery and the invention of
wings had superseded the horse as a beast of burden; and the dog was no longer wanted
either for protection or the chase, as it had been when the ancestors of the Vril-ya feared
the aggressions of their own kind, or hunted the lesser animals for food. Indeed, however,
so far as the horse was concerned, this region was so rocky that a horse could have been,
there, of little use either for pastime or burden. The only creature they use for the latter
purpose is a kind of large goat which is much employed on farms. The nature of the
surrounding soil in these districts may be said to have first suggested the invention of
wings and air-boats. The largeness of space in proportion to the space occupied by the
city, was occasioned by the custom of surrounding every house with a separate garden.
The broad main street, in which Aph-Lin dwelt, expanded into a vast square, in which
were placed the College of Sages and all the public offices; a magnificent fountain of the
luminous fluid which I call naptha (I am ignorant of its real nature) in the centre. All
these public edifices have a uniform character of massiveness and solidity. They
reminded me of the architectural pictures of Martin. Along the upper stories of each ran a
balcony, or rather a terraced garden, supported by columns, filled with flowering plants,
and tenanted by many kinds of tame birds. From the square branched several streets, all
broad and brilliantly lighted, and ascending up the eminence on either side. In my
excursions in the town I was never allowed to go alone; Aph-Lin or his daughter was my
habitual companion. In this community the adult Gy is seen walking with any young An
as familiarly as if there were no difference of sex.

The retail shops are not very numerous; the persons who attend on a customer are all
children of various ages, and exceedingly intelligent and courteous, but without the least
touch of importunity or cringing. The shopkeeper himself might or might not be visible;
when visible, he seemed rarely employed on any matter connected with his professional
business; and yet he had taken to that business from special liking for it, and quite
independently of his general sources of fortune.

The Ana of the community are, on the whole, an indolent set of beings after the active
age of childhood. Whether by temperament or philosophy, they rank repose among the
chief blessings of life. Indeed, when you take away from a human being the incentives to
action which are found in cupidity or ambition, it seems to me no wonder that he rests

In their ordinary movements they prefer the use of their feet to that of their wings. But for
their sports or (to indulge in a bold misuse of terms) their public 'promenades,' they
employ the latter, also for the aerial dances I have described, as well as for visiting their
country places, which are mostly placed on lofty heights; and, when still young, they
prefer their wings for travel into the other regions of the Ana, to vehicular conveyances.
Those who accustom themselves to flight can fly, if less rapidly than some birds, yet
from twenty-five to thirty miles an hour, and keep up that rate for five or six hours at a
stretch. But the Ana generally, on reaching middle age, are not fond of rapid movements
requiring violent exercise. Perhaps for this reason, as they hold a doctrine which our own
physicians will doubtless approve- viz., that regular transpiration through the pores of the
skin is essential to health, they habitually use the sweating-baths to which we give the
name Turkish or Roman, succeeded by douches of perfumed waters. They have great
faith in the salubrious virtue of certain perfumes.

It is their custom also, at stated but rare periods, perhaps four times a-year when in
health, to use a bath charged with vril.*

* I once tried the effect of the vril bath. It was very similar in its invigorating powers to
that of the baths at Gastein, the virtues of which are ascribed by many physicians to
electricity; but though similar, the effect of the vril bath was more lasting.
They consider that this fluid, sparingly used, is a great sustainer of life; but used in
excess, when in the normal state of health, rather tends to reaction and exhausted vitality.
For nearly all their diseases, however, they resort to it as the chief assistant to nature in
throwing off their complaint.

In their own way they are the most luxurious of people, but all their luxuries are innocent.
They may be said to dwell in an atmosphere of music and fragrance. Every room has its
mechanical contrivances for melodious sounds, usually tuned down to soft-murmured
notes, which seem like sweet whispers from invisible spirits. They are too accustomed to
these gentle sounds to find them a hindrance to conversation, nor, when alone, to
reflection. But they have a notion that to breathe an air filled with continuous melody and
perfume has necessarily an effect at once soothing and elevating upon the formation of
character and the habits of thought. Though so temperate, and with total abstinence from
other animal food than milk, and from all intoxicating drinks, they are delicate and dainty
to an extreme in food and beverage; and in all their sports even the old exhibit a childlike
gaiety. Happiness is the end at which they aim, not as the excitement of a moment, but as
the prevailing condition of the entire existence; and regard for the happiness of each other
is evinced by the exquisite amenity of their manners.

Their conformation of skull has marked differences from that of any known races in the
upper world, though I cannot help thinking it a development, in the course of countless
ages of the Brachycephalic type of the Age of Stone in Lyell's 'Elements of Geology,' C.
X., p. 113, as compared with the Dolichocephalic type of the beginning of the Age of
Iron, correspondent with that now so prevalent amongst us, and called the Celtic type. It
has the same comparative massiveness of forehead, not receding like the Celtic- the same
even roundness in the frontal organs; but it is far loftier in the apex, and far less
pronounced in the hinder cranial hemisphere where phrenologists place the animal
organs. To speak as a phrenologist, the cranium common to the Vril-ya has the organs of
weight, number, tune, form, order, causality, very largely developed; that of construction
much more pronounced than that of ideality. Those which are called the moral organs,
such as conscientiousness and benevolence, are amazingly full; amativeness and
combativeness are both small; adhesiveness large; the organ of destructiveness (i.e., of
determined clearance of intervening obstacles) immense, but less than that of
benevolence; and their philoprogenitiveness takes rather the character of compassion and
tenderness to things that need aid or protection than of the animal love of offspring. I
never met with one person deformed or misshapen. The beauty of their countenances is
not only in symmetry of feature, but in a smoothness of surface, which continues without
line or wrinkle to the extreme of old age, and a serene sweetness of expression, combined
with that majesty which seems to come from consciousness of power and the freedom of
all terror, physical or moral. It is that very sweetness, combined with that majesty, which
inspired in a beholder like myself, accustomed to strive with the passions of mankind, a
sentiment of humiliation, of awe, of dread. It is such an expression as a painter might
give to a demi-god, a genius, an angel. The males of the Vril-ya are entirely beardless;
the Gy-ei sometimes, in old age, develop a small moustache.

I was surprised to find that the colour of their skin was not uniformly that which I had
remarked in those individuals whom I had first encountered,- some being much fairer,
and even with blue eyes, and hair of a deep golden auburn, though still of complexions
warmer or richer in tone than persons in the north of Europe.

I was told that this admixture of colouring arose from intermarriage with other and more
distant tribes of the Vril-ya, who, whether by the accident of climate or early distinction
of race, were of fairer hues than the tribes of which this community formed one. It was
considered that the dark-red skin showed the most ancient family of Ana; but they
attached no sentiment of pride to that antiquity, and, on the contrary, believed their
present excellence of breed came from frequent crossing with other families differing, yet
akin; and they encourage such intermarriages, always provided that it be with the Vril-ya
nations. Nations which, not conforming their manners and institutions to those of the
Vril-ya, nor indeed held capable of acquiring the powers over the vril agencies which it
had taken them generations to attain and transmit, were regarded with more disdain than
the citizens of New York regard the negroes.

I learned from Zee, who had more lore in all matters than any male with whom I was
brought into familiar converse, that the superiority of the Vril-ya was supposed to have
originated in the intensity of their earlier struggles against obstacles in nature amidst the
localities in which they had first settled. "Wherever," said Zee, moralising, "wherever
goes on that early process in the history of civilisation, by which life is made a struggle,
in which the individual has to put forth all his powers to compete with his fellow, we
invariably find this result- viz., since in the competition a vast number must perish, nature
selects for preservation only the strongest specimens. With our race, therefore, even
before the discovery of vril, only the highest organisations were preserved; and there is
among our ancient books a legend, once popularly believed, that we were driven from a
region that seems to denote the world you come from, in order to perfect our condition
and attain to the purest elimination of our species by the severity of the struggles our
forefathers underwent; and that, when our education shall become finally completed, we
are destined to return to the upper world, and supplant all the inferior races now existing

Aph-Lin and Zee often conversed with me in private upon the political and social
conditions of that upper world, in which Zee so philosophically assumed that the
inhabitants were to be exterminated one day or other by the advent of the Vril-ya. They
found in my accounts,- in which I continued to do all I could (without launching into
falsehoods so positive that they would have been easily detected by the shrewdness of my
listeners) to present our powers and ourselves in the most flattering point of view,-
perpetual subjects of comparison between our most civilised populations and the meaner
subterranean races which they considered hopelessly plunged in barbarism, and doomed
to gradual if certain extinction. But they both agreed in desiring to conceal from their
community all premature opening into the regions lighted by the sun; both were humane,
and shrunk from the thought of annihilating so many millions of creatures; and the
pictures I drew of our life, highly coloured as they were, saddened them. In vain I boasted
of our great men- poets, philosophers, orators, generals- and defied the Vril-ya to produce
their equals. "Alas," said Zee, "this predominance of the few over the many is the surest
and most fatal sign of a race incorrigibly savage. See you not that the primary condition
of mortal happiness consists in the extinction of that strife and competition between
individuals, which, no matter what forms of government they adopt, render the many
subordinate to the few, destroy real liberty to the individual, whatever may be the
nominal liberty of the state, and annul that calm of existence, without which, felicity,
mental or bodily, cannot be attained? Our notion is, that the more we can assimilate life
to the existence which our noblest ideas can conceive to be that of spirits on the other
side of the grave, why, the more we approximate to a divine happiness here, and the more
easily we glide into the conditions of being hereafter. For, surely, all we can imagine of
the life of gods, or of blessed immortals, supposes the absence of self-made cares and
contentious passions, such as avarice and ambition. It seems to us that it must be a life of
serene tranquility, not indeed without active occupations to the intellectual or spiritual
powers, but occupations, of whatsoever nature they be, congenial to the idiosyncrasies of
each, not forced and repugnant- a life gladdened by the untrammelled interchange of
gentle affections, in which the moral atmosphere utterly kills hate and vengeance, and
strife and rivalry. Such is the political state to which all the tribes and families of the Vrilya
seek to attain, and towards that goal all our theories of government are shaped. You
see how utterly opposed is such a progress to that of the uncivilised nations from which
you come, and which aim at a systematic perpetuity of troubles, and cares, and warring
passions aggravated more and more as their progress storms its way onward. The most
powerful of all the races in our world, beyond the pale of the Vril-ya, esteems itself the
best governed of all political societies, and to have reached in that respect the extreme
end at which political wisdom can arrive, so that the other nations should tend more or
less to copy it. It has established, on its broadest base, the Koom-Posh- viz., the
government of the ignorant upon the principle of being the most numerous. It has placed
the supreme bliss in the vying with each other in all things, so that the evil passions are
never in repose- vying for power, for wealth, for eminence of some kind; and in this
rivalry it is horrible to hear the vituperation, the slanders, and calumnies which even the
best and mildest among them heap on each other without remorse or shame."
"Some years ago," said Aph-Lin, "I visited this people, and their misery and degradation
were the more appalling because they were always boasting of their felicity and grandeur
as compared with the rest of their species. And there is no hope that this people, which
evidently resembles your own, can improve, because all their notions tend to further
deterioration. They desire to enlarge their dominion more and more, in direct antagonism
to the truth that, beyond a very limited range, it is impossible to secure to a community
the happiness which belongs to a well-ordered family; and the more they mature a system
by which a few individuals are heated and swollen to a size above the standard
slenderness of the millions, the more they chuckle and exact, and cry out, 'See by what
great exceptions to the common littleness of our race we prove the magnificent results of
our system!'"

"In fact," resumed Zee, "if the wisdom of human life be to approximate to the serene
equality of immortals, there can be no more direct flying off into the opposite direction
than a system which aims at carrying to the utmost the inequalities and turbulences of
mortals. Nor do I see how, by any forms of religious belief, mortals, so acting, could fit
themselves even to appreciate the joys of immortals to which they still expect to be
transferred by the mere act of dying. On the contrary, minds accustomed to place
happiness in things so much the reverse of godlike, would find the happiness of gods
exceedingly dull, and would long to get back to a world in which they could quarrel with
each other."

Chapter 16

I have spoken so much of the Vril Staff that my reader may expect me to describe it. This
I cannot do accurately, for I was never allowed to handle it for fear of some terrible
accident occasioned by my ignorance of its use; and I have no doubt that it requires much
skill and practice in the exercise of its various powers. It is hollow, and has in the handle
several stops, keys, or springs by which its force can be altered, modified, or directed- so
that by one process it destroys, by another it heals- by one it can rend the rock, by another
disperse the vapour- by one it affects bodies, by another it can exercise a certain influence
over minds. It is usually carried in the convenient size of a walking-staff, but it has slides
by which it can be lengthened or shortened at will. When used for special purposes, the
upper part rests in the hollow of the palm with the fore and middle fingers protruded. I
was assured, however, that its power was not equal in all, but proportioned to the amount
of certain vril properties in the wearer in affinity, or 'rapport' with the purposes to be
effected. Some were more potent to destroy, others to heal, &c.; much also depended on
the calm and steadiness of volition in the manipulator. They assert that the full exercise of
vril power can only be acquired by the constitutional temperament- i.e., by hereditarily
transmitted organisation- and that a female infant of four years old belonging to the Vrilya
races can accomplish feats which a life spent in its practice would not enable the
strongest and most skilled mechanician, born out of the pale of the Vril-ya to achieve. All
these wands are not equally complicated; those intrusted to children are much simpler
than those borne by sages of either sex, and constructed with a view to the special object
on which the children are employed; which as I have before said, is among the youngest
children the most destructive. In the wands of wives and mothers the correlative
destroying force is usually abstracted, the healing power fully charged. I wish I could say
more in detail of this singular conductor of the vril fluid, but its machinery is as exquisite
as its effects are marvellous.

I should say, however, that this people have invented certain tubes by which the vril fluid
can be conducted towards the object it is meant to destroy, throughout a distance almost
indefinite; at least I put it modestly when I say from 500 to 600 miles. And their
mathematical science as applied to such purpose is so nicely accurate, that on the report
of some observer in an air-boat, any member of the vril department can estimate
unerringly the nature of intervening obstacles, the height to which the projectile
instrument should be raised, and the extent to which it should be charged, so as to reduce
to ashes within a space of time too short for me to venture to specify it, a capital twice as
vast as London.

Certainly these Ana are wonderful mathematicians- wonderful for the adaptation of the
inventive faculty to practical uses.

I went with my host and his daughter Zee over the great public museum, which occupies
a wing in the College of Sages, and in which are hoarded, as curious specimens of the
ignorant and blundering experiments of ancient times, many contrivances on which we
pride ourselves as recent achievements. In one department, carelessly thrown aside as
obsolete lumber, are tubes for destroying life by metallic balls and an inflammable
powder, on the principle of our cannons and catapults, and even still more murderous
than our latest improvements.

My host spoke of these with a smile of contempt, such as an artillery officer might
bestow on the bows and arrows of the Chinese. In another department there were models
of vehicles and vessels worked by steam, and of an air-balloon which might have been
constructed by Montgolfier. "Such," said Zee, with an air of meditative wisdom- "such
were the feeble triflings with nature of our savage forefathers, ere they had even a
glimmering perception of the properties of vril!"

This young Gy was a magnificent specimen of the muscular force to which the females of
her country attain. Her features were beautiful, like those of all her race: never in the
upper world have I seen a face so grand and so faultless, but her devotion to the severer
studies had given to her countenance an expression of abstract thought which rendered it
somewhat stern when in repose; and such a sternness became formidable when observed
in connection with her ample shoulders and lofty stature. She was tall even for a Gy, and
I saw her lift up a cannon as easily as I could lift a pocket-pistol. Zee inspired me with a
profound terror- a terror which increased when we came into a department of the museum
appropriated to models of contrivances worked by the agency of vril; for here, merely by
a certain play of her vril staff, she herself standing at a distance, she put into movement
large and weighty substances. She seemed to endow them with intelligence, and to make
them comprehend and obey her command. She set complicated pieces of machinery into
movement, arrested the movement or continued it, until, within an incredibly short time,
various kinds of raw material were reproduced as symmetrical works of art, complete and
perfect. Whatever effect mesmerism or electro-biology produces over the nerves and
muscles of animated objects, this young Gy produced by the motions of her slender rod
over the springs and wheels of lifeless mechanism.

When I mentioned to my companions my astonishment at this influence over inanimate
matter- while owning that, in our world, I had witnessed phenomena which showed that
over certain living organisations certain other living organisations could establish an
influence genuine in itself, but often exaggerated by credulity or craft- Zee, who was
more interested in such subjects than her father, bade me stretch forth my hand, and then,
placing it beside her own, she called my attention to certain distinctions of type and
character. In the first place, the thumb of the Gy (and, as I afterwards noticed, of all that
race, male or female) was much larger, at once longer and more massive, than is found
with our species above ground. There is almost, in this, as great a difference as there is
between the thumb of a man and that of a gorilla. Secondly, the palm is proportionally
thicker than ours- the texture of the skin infinitely finer and softer- its average warmth is
greater. More remarkable than all this, is a visible nerve, perceptible under the skin,
which starts from the wrist skirting the ball of the thumb, and branching, fork-like, at the
roots of the fore and middle fingers. "With your slight formation of thumb," said the
philosophical young Gy, "and with the absence of the nerve which you find more or less
developed in the hands of our race, you can never achieve other than imperfect and feeble
power over the agency of vril; but so far as the nerve is concerned, that is not found in the
hands of our earliest progenitors, nor in those of the ruder tribes without the pale of the
Vril-ya. It has been slowly developed in the course of generations, commencing in the
early achievements, and increasing with the continuous exercise, of the vril power;
therefore, in the course of one or two thousand years, such a nerve may possibly be
engendered in those higher beings of your race, who devote themselves to that paramount
science through which is attained command over all the subtler forces of nature
permeated by vril. But when you talk of matter as something in itself inert and
motionless, your parents or tutors surely cannot have left you so ignorant as not to know
that no form of matter is motionless and inert: every particle is constantly in motion and
constantly acted upon by agencies, of which heat is the most apparent and rapid, but vril
the most subtle, and, when skilfully wielded, the most powerful. So that, in fact, the
current launched by my hand and guided by my will does but render quicker and more
potent the action which is eternally at work upon every particle of matter, however inert
and stubborn it may seem. If a heap of metal be not capable of originating a thought of its
own, yet, through its internal susceptibility to movement, it obtains the power to receive
the thought of the intellectual agent at work on it; by which, when conveyed with a
sufficient force of the vril power, it is as much compelled to obey as if it were displaced
by a visible bodily force. It is animated for the time being by the soul thus infused into it,
so that one may almost say that it lives and reasons. Without this we could not make our
automata supply the place of servants.

I was too much in awe of the thews and the learning of the young Gy to hazard the risk of
arguing with her. I had read somewhere in my schoolboy days that a wise man, disputing
with a Roman Emperor, suddenly drew in his horns; and when the emperor asked him
whether he had nothing further to say on his side of the question, replied, "Nay, Caesar,
there is no arguing against a reasoner who commands ten legions."

Though I had a secret persuasion that, whatever the real effects of vril upon matter, Mr.
Faraday could have proved her a very shallow philosopher as to its extent or its causes, I
had no doubt that Zee could have brained all the Fellows of the Royal Society, one after
the other, with a blow of her fist. Every sensible man knows that it is useless to argue
with any ordinary female upon matters he comprehends; but to argue with a Gy seven
feet high upon the mysteries of vril,- as well argue in a desert, and with a simoon!
Amid the various departments to which the vast building of the College of Sages was
appropriated, that which interested me most was devoted to the archaeology of the Vrilya,
and comprised a very ancient collection of portraits. In these the pigments and
groundwork employed were of so durable a nature that even pictures said to be executed
at dates as remote as those in the earliest annals of the Chinese, retained much freshness
of colour. In examining this collection, two things especially struck me:- first, that the
pictures said to be between 6000 and 7000 years old were of a much higher degree of art
than any produced within the last 3000 or 4000 years; and, second, that the portraits
within the former period much more resembled our own upper world and European types
of countenance. Some of them, indeed reminded me of the Italian heads which look out
from the canvases of Titian- speaking of ambition or craft, of care or of grief, with
furrows in which the passions have passed with iron ploughshare. These were the
countenances of men who had lived in struggle and conflict before the discovery of the
latent forces of vril had changed the character of society- men who had fought with each
other for power or fame as we in the upper world fight.

The type of face began to evince a marked change about a thousand years after the vril
revolution, becoming then, with each generation, more serene, and in that serenity more
terribly distinct from the faces of labouring and sinful men; while in proportion as the
beauty and the grandeur of the countenance itself became more fully developed, the art of
the painter became more tame and monotonous.

But the greatest curiosity in the collection was that of three portraits belonging to the prehistorical
age, and, according to mythical tradition, taken by the orders of a philosopher,
whose origin and attributes were as much mixed up with symbolical fable as those of an
Indian Budh or a Greek Prometheus.

From this mysterious personage, at once a sage and a hero, all the principal sections of
the Vril-ya race pretend to trace a common origin.

The portraits are of the philosopher himself, of his grandfather, and great-grandfather.
They are all at full length. The philosopher is attired in a long tunic which seems to form
a loose suit of scaly armour, borrowed, perhaps, from some fish or reptile, but the feet
and hands are exposed: the digits in both are wonderfully long, and webbed. He has little
or no perceptible throat, and a low receding forehead, not at all the ideal of a sage's. He
has bright brown prominent eyes, a very wide mouth and high cheekbones, and a muddy
complexion. According to tradition, this philosopher had lived to a patriarchal age,
extending over many centuries, and he remembered distinctly in middle life his
grandfather as surviving, and in childhood his great-grandfather; the portrait of the first
he had taken, or caused to be taken, while yet alive- that of the latter was taken from his
effigies in mummy. The portrait of his grandfather had the features and aspect of the
philosopher, only much more exaggerated: he was not dressed, and the colour of his body
was singular; the breast and stomach yellow, the shoulders and legs of a dull bronze hue:
the great-grandfather was a magnificent specimen of the Batrachian genus, a Giant Frog,
'pur et simple.'

Among the pithy sayings which, according to tradition, the philosopher bequeathed to
posterity in rhythmical form and sententious brevity, this is notably recorded: "Humble
yourselves, my descendants; the father of your race was a 'twat' (tadpole): exalt
yourselves, my descendants, for it was the same Divine Thought which created your
father that develops itself in exalting you."

Aph-Lin told me this fable while I gazed on the three Batrachian portraits. I said in reply:
"You make a jest of my supposed ignorance and credulity as an uneducated Tish, but
though these horrible daubs may be of great antiquity, and were intended, perhaps, for
some rude caracature, I presume that none of your race even in the less enlightened ages,
ever believed that the great-grandson of a Frog became a sententious philosopher; or that
any section, I will not say of the lofty Vril-ya, but of the meanest varieties of the human
race, had its origin in a Tadpole."

"Pardon me," answered Aph-Lin: "in what we call the Wrangling or Philosophical Period
of History, which was at its height about seven thousand years ago, there was a very
distinguished naturalist, who proved to the satisfaction of numerous disciples such
analogical and anatomical agreements in structure between an An and a Frog, as to show
that out of the one must have developed the other. They had some diseases in common;
they were both subject to the same parasitical worms in the intestines; and, strange to say,
the An has, in his structure, a swimming-bladder, no longer of any use to him, but which
is a rudiment that clearly proves his descent from a Frog. Nor is there any argument
against this theory to be found in the relative difference of size, for there are still existent
in our world Frogs of a size and stature not inferior to our own, and many thousand years
ago they appear to have been still larger."

"I understand that," said I, "because Frogs this enormous are, according to our eminent
geologists, who perhaps saw them in dreams, said to have been distinguished inhabitants
of the upper world before the Deluge; and such Frogs are exactly the creatures likely to
have flourished in the lakes and morasses of your subterranean regions. But pray,

"In the Wrangling Period of History, whatever one sage asserted another sage was sure to
contradict. In fact, it was a maxim in that age, that the human reason could only be
sustained aloft by being tossed to and fro in the perpetual motion of contradiction; and
therefore another sect of philosophers maintained the doctrine that the An was not the
descendant of the Frog, but that the Frog was clearly the improved development of the
An. The shape of the Frog, taken generally, was much more symmetrical than that of the
An; beside the beautiful conformation of its lower limbs, its flanks and shoulders the
majority of the Ana in that day were almost deformed, and certainly ill-shaped. Again,
the Frog had the power to live alike on land and in water- a mighty privilege, partaking of
a spiritual essence denied to the An, since the disuse of his swimming-bladder clearly
proves his degeneration from a higher development of species. Again, the earlier races of
the Ana seem to have been covered with hair, and, even to a comparatively recent date,
hirsute bushes deformed the very faces of our ancestors, spreading wild over their cheeks
and chins, as similar bushes, my poor Tish, spread wild over yours. But the object of the
higher races of the Ana through countless generations has been to erase all vestige of
connection with hairy vertebrata, and they have gradually eliminated that debasing
capillary excrement by the law of sexual selection; the Gy-ei naturally preferring youth or
the beauty of smooth faces. But the degree of the Frog in the scale of the vertebrata is
shown in this, that he has no hair at all, not even on his head. He was born to that hairless
perfection which the most beautiful of the Ana, despite the culture of incalculable ages,
have not yet attained. The wonderful complication and delicacy of a Frog's nervous
system and arterial circulation were shown by this school to be more susceptible of
enjoyment than our inferior, or at least simpler, physical frame allows us to be. The
examination of a Frog's hand, if I may use that expression, accounted for its 78keener
susceptibility to love, and to social life in general. In fact, gregarious and amatory as are
the Ana, Frogs are still more so. In short, these two schools raged against each other; one
asserting the An to be the perfected type of the Frog; the other that the Frog was the
highest development of the An. The moralists were divided in opinion with the
naturalists, but the bulk of them sided with the Frog-preference school. They said, with
much plausibility, that in moral conduct (viz., in the adherence to rules best adapted to
the health and welfare of the individual and the community) there could be no doubt of
the vast superiority of the Frog. All history showed the wholesale immorality of the
human race, the complete disregard, even by the most renowned amongst them, of the
laws which they acknowledged to be essential to their own and the general happiness and
wellbeing. But the severest critic of the Frog race could not detect in their manners a
single aberration from the moral law tacitly recognised by themselves. And what, after
all, can be the profit of civilisation if superiority in moral conduct be not the aim for
which it strives, and the test by which its progress should be judged?

"In fine, the adherents of this theory presumed that in some remote period the Frog race
had been the improved development of the Human; but that, from some causes which
defied rational conjecture, they had not maintained their original position in the scale of
nature; while the Ana, though of inferior organisation, had, by dint less of their virtues
than their vices, such as ferocity and cunning, gradually acquired ascendancy, much as
among the human race itself tribes utterly barbarous have, by superiority in similar vices,
utterly destroyed or reduced into insignificance tribes originally excelling them in mental
gifts and culture. Unhappily these disputes became involved with the religious notions of
that age; and as society was then administered under the government of the Koom-Posh,
who, being the most ignorant, were of course the most inflammable class- the multitude
took the whole question out of the hands of the philosophers; political chiefs saw that the
Frog dispute, so taken up by the populace, could become a most valuable instrument of
their ambition; and for not less than one thousand years war and massacre prevailed,
during which period the philosophers on both sides were butchered, and the government
of Koom-Posh itself was happily brought to an end by the ascendancy of a family that
clearly established its descent from the aboriginal tadpole, and furnished despotic rulers
to the various nations of the Ana. These despots finally disappeared, at least from our
communities, as the discovery of vril led to the tranquil institutions under which flourish
all the races of the Vril-ya."

"And do no wranglers or philosophers now exist to revive the dispute; or do they all
recognise the origin of your race in the tadpole?"

"Nay, such disputes," said Zee, with a lofty smile, "belong to the Pah-bodh of the dark
ages, and now only serve for the amusement of infants. When we know the elements out
of which our bodies are composed, elements in common to the humblest vegetable plants,
can it signify whether the All-Wise combined those elements out of one form more than
another, in order to create that in which He has placed the capacity to receive the idea of
Himself, and all the varied grandeurs of intellect to which that idea gives birth? The An
in reality commenced to exist as An with the donation of that capacity, and, with that
capacity, the sense to acknowledge that, however through the countless ages his race may
improve in wisdom, it can never combine the elements at its command into the form of a

"You speak well, Zee," said Aph-Lin; "and it is enough for us shortlived mortals to feel a
reasonable assurance that whether the origin of the An was a tadpole or not, he is no more
likely to become a tadpole again than the institutions of the Vril-ya are likely to relapse
into the heaving quagmire and certain strife-rot of a Koom-Posh."

Chapter 17

The Vril-ya, being excluded from all sight of the heavenly bodies, and having no other
difference between night and day than that which they deem it convenient to make for
themselves,- do not, of course, arrive at their divisions of time by the same process that
we do; but I found it easy by the aid of my watch, which I luckily had about me, to
compute their time with great nicety. I reserve for a future work on the science and
literature of the Vril-ya, should I live to complete it, all details as to the manner in which
they arrive at their rotation of time; and content myself here with saying, that in point of
duration, their year differs very slightly from ours, but that the divisions of their year are
by no means the same. Their day, (including what we call night) consists of twenty hours
of our time, instead of twenty-four, and of course their year comprises the correspondent
increase in the number of days by which it is summed up. They subdivide the twenty
hours of their day thus- eight hours,* called the "Silent Hours," for repose; eight hours,
called the "Earnest Time," for the pursuits and occupations of life; and four hours called
the "Easy Time" (with which what I may term their day closes), allotted to festivities,
sport, recreation, or family converse, according to their several tastes and inclinations.
* For the sake of convenience, I adopt the word hours, days, years, &c., in any general
reference to subdivisions of time among the Vril-ya; those terms but loosely
corresponding, however, with such subdivisions.

But, in truth, out of doors there is no night. They maintain, both in the streets and in the
surrounding country, to the limits of their territory, the same degree of light at all hours.
Only, within doors, they lower it to a soft twilight during the Silent Hours. They have a
great horror of perfect darkness, and their lights are never wholly extinguished. On
occasions of festivity they continue the duration of full light, but equally keep note of the
distinction between night and day, by mechanical contrivances which answer the purpose
of our clocks and watches. They are very fond of music; and it is by music that these
chronometers strike the principal division of time. At every one of their hours, during
their day, the sounds coming from all the time-pieces in their public buildings, and caught
up, as it were, by those of houses or hamlets scattered amidst the landscapes without the
city, have an effect singularly sweet, and yet singularly solemn. But during the Silent
Hours these sounds are so subdued as to be only faintly heard by a waking ear. They have
no change of seasons, and, at least on the territory of this tribe, the atmosphere seemed to
me very equable, warm as that of an Italian summer, and humid rather than dry; in the
forenoon usually very still, but at times invaded by strong blasts from the rocks that made
the borders of their domain. But time is the same to them for sowing or reaping as in the
Golden Isles of the ancient poets. At the same moment you see the younger plants in
blade or bud, the older in ear or fruit. All fruit-bearing plants, however, after fruitage,
either shed or change the colour of their leaves. But that which interested me most in
reckoning up their divisions of time was the ascertainment of the average duration of life
amongst them. I found on minute inquiry that this very considerably exceeded the term
allotted to us on the upper earth. What seventy years are to us, one hundred years are to
them. Nor is this the only advantage they have over us in longevity, for as few among us
attain to the age of seventy, so, on the contrary, few among them die before the age of
one hundred; and they enjoy a general degree of health and vigour which makes life itself
a blessing even to the last. Various causes contribute to this result: the absence of all
alcoholic stimulants; temperance in food; more especially, perhaps, a serenity of mind
undisturbed by anxious occupations and eager passions. They are not tormented by our
avarice or our ambition; they appear perfectly indifferent even to the desire of fame; they
are capable of great affection, but their love shows itself in a tender and cheerful
complaisance, and, while forming their happiness, seems rarely, if ever, to constitute their
woe. As the Gy is sure only to marry where she herself fixes her choice, and as here, not
less than above ground, it is the female on whom the happiness of home depends; so the
Gy, having chosen the mate she prefers to all others, is lenient to his faults, consults his
humours, and does her best to secure his attachment. The death of a beloved one is of
course with them, as with us, a cause for sorrow; but not only is death with them so much
more rare before that age in which it becomes a release, but when it does occur the
survivor takes much more consolation than, I am afraid, the generality of us do, in the
certainty of reunion in another and yet happier life.

All these causes, then, concur to their healthful and enjoyable longevity, though, no
doubt, much also must be owing to hereditary organisation. According to their records,
however, in those earlier stages of their society when they lived in communities
resembling ours, agitated by fierce competition, their lives were considerably shorter, and
their maladies more numerous and grave. They themselves say that the duration of life,
too, has increased, and is still on the increase, since their discovery of the invigorating
and medicinal properties of vril, applied for remedial purposes. They have few
professional and regular practitioners of medicine, and these are chiefly Gy-ei, who,
especially if widowed and childless, find great delight in the healing art, and even
undertake surgical operations in those cases required by accident, or, more rarely, by

They have their diversions and entertainments, and, during the Easy Time of their day,
they are wont to assemble in great numbers for those winged sports in the air which I
have already described. They have also public halls for music, and even theatres, at
which are performed pieces that appeared to me somewhat to resemble the plays of the
Chinese- dramas that are thrown back into distant times for their events and personages,
in which all classic unities are outrageously violated, and the hero, in once scene a child,
in the next is an old man, and so forth. These plays are of very ancient composition, and
their stories cast in remote times. They appeared to me very dull, on the whole, but were
relieved by startling mechanical contrivances, and a kind of farcical broad humour, and
detached passages of great vigour and power expressed in language highly poetical, but
somewhat overcharged with metaphor and trope. In fine, they seemed to me very much
what the plays of Shakespeare seemed to a Parisian in the time of Louis XV., or perhaps
to an Englishman in the reign of Charles II.

The audience, of which the Gy-ei constituted the chief portion, appeared to enjoy greatly
the representation of these dramas, which, for so sedate and majestic a race of females,
surprised me, till I observed that all the performers were under the age of adolescence,
and conjectured truly that the mothers and sisters came to please their children and

I have said that these dramas are of great antiquity. No new plays, indeed no imaginative
works sufficiently important to survive their immediate day, appear to have been
composed for several generations. In fact, though there is no lack of new publications,
and they have even what may be called newspapers, these are chiefly devoted to
mechanical science, reports of new inventions, announcements respecting various details
of business- in short, to practical matters. Sometimes a child writes a little tale of
adventure, or a young Gy vents her amorous hopes or fears in a poem; but these effusions
are of very little merit, and are seldom read except by children and maiden Gy-ei. The
most interesting works of a purely literary character are those of explorations and travels
into other regions of this nether world, which are generally written by young emigrants,
and are read with great avidity by the relations and friends they have left behind.
I could not help expressing to Aph-Lin my surprise that a community in which
mechanical science had made so marvellous a progress, and in which intellectual
civilisation had exhibited itself in realising those objects for the happiness of the people,
which the political philosophers above ground had, after ages of struggle, pretty generally
agreed to consider unattainable visions, should, nevertheless, be so wholly without a
contemporaneous literature, despite the excellence to which culture had brought a
language at once so rich and simple, vigourous and musical.

My host replied- "Do you not percieve that a literature such as you mean would be
wholly incompatible with that perfection of social or political felicity at which you do us
the honour to think we have arrived? We have at last, after centuries of struggle, settled
into a form of government with which we are content, and in which, as we allow no
differences of rank, and no honours are paid to administrators distinguishing them from
others, there is no stimulus given to individual ambition. No one would read works
advocating theories that involved any political or social change, and therefore no one
writes them. If now and then an An feels himself dissatisfied with our tranquil mode of
life, he does not attack it; he goes away. Thus all that part of literature (and to judge by
the ancient books in our public libraries, it was once a very large part), which relates to
speculative theories on society is become utterly extinct. Again, formerly there was a vast
deal written respecting the attributes and essence of the All-Good, and the arguments for
and against a future state; but now we all recognise two facts, that there IS a Divine
Being, and there IS a future state, and we all equally agree that if we wrote our fingers to
the bone, we could not throw any light upon the nature and conditions of that future state,
or quicken our apprehensions of the attributes and essence of that Divine Being. Thus
another part of literature has become also extinct, happily for our race; for in the time
when so much was written on subjects which no one could determine, people seemed to
live in a perpetual state of quarrel and contention. So, too, a vast part of our ancient
literature consists of historical records of wars an revolutions during the times when the
Ana lived in large and turbulent societies, each seeking aggrandisement at the expense of
the other. You see our serene mode of life now; such it has been for ages. We have no
events to chronicle. What more of us can be said than that, 'they were born, they were
happy, they died?' Coming next to that part of literature which is more under the control
of the imagination, such as what we call Glaubsila, or colloquially 'Glaubs,' and you call
poetry, the reasons for its decline amongst us are abundantly obvious.

"We find, by referring to the great masterpieces in that department of literature which we
all still read with pleasure, but of which none would tolerate imitations, that they consist
in the portraiture of passions which we no longer experience- ambition, vengeance,
unhallowed love, the thirst for warlike renown, and suchlike. The old poets lived in an
atmosphere impregnated with these passions, and felt vividly what they expressed
glowingly. No one can express such passions now, for no one can feel them, or meet with
any sympathy in his readers if he did. Again, the old poetry has a main element in its
dissection of those complex mysteries of human character which conduce to abnormal
vices and crimes, or lead to signal and extraordinary virtues. But our society, having got
rid of temptations to any prominent vices and crimes, has necessarily rendered the moral
average so equal, that there are no very salient virtues. Without its ancient food of strong
passions, vast crimes, heroic excellences, poetry therefore is, if not actually starved to
death, reduced to a very meagre diet. There is still the poetry of description- description
of rocks, and trees, and waters, and common household life; and our young Gy-ei weave
much of this insipid kind of composition into their love verses."

"Such poetry," said I, "might surely be made very charming; and we have critics amongst
us who consider it a higher kind than that which depicts the crimes, or analyses the
passions, of man. At all events, poetry of the inspired kind you mention is a poetry that
nowadays commands more readers than any other among the people I have left above

"Possibly; but then I suppose the writers take great pains with the language they employ,
and devote themselves to the culture and polish of words and rhythms of an art?"
"Certainly they do: all great poets do that. Though the gift of poetry may be inborn, the
gift requires as much care to make it available as a block of metal does to be made into
one of your engines."

"And doubtless your poets have some incentive to bestow all those pains upon such
verbal prettinesses?"

"Well, I presume their instinct of song would make them sing as the bird does; but to
cultivate the song into verbal or artificial prettiness, probably does need an inducement
from without, and our poets find it in the love of fame- perhaps, now and then, in the
want of money."

"Precisely so. But in our society we attach fame to nothing which man, in that moment of
his duration which is called 'life,' can perform. We should soon lose that equality which
constitutes the felicitous essence of our commonwealth if we selected any individual for
pre-eminent praise: pre-eminent praise would confer pre-eminent power, and the moment
it were given, evil passions, now dormant, would awake: other men would immediately
covet praise, then would arise envy, and with envy hate, and with hate calumny and
persecution. Our history tells us that most of the poets and most of the writers who, in the
old time, were favoured with the greatest praise, were also assailed by the greatest
vituperation, and even, on the whole, rendered very unhappy, partly by the attacks of
jealous rivals, partly by the diseased mental constitution which an acquired sensitiveness
to praise and to blame tends to engender. As for the stimulus of want; in the first place,
no man in our community knows the goad of poverty; and, secondly, if he did, almost
every occupation would be more lucrative than writing.

"Our public libraries contain all the books of the past which time has preserved; those
books, for the reasons above stated, are infinitely better than any can write nowadays, and
they are open to all to read without cost. We are not such fools as to pay for reading
inferior books, when we can read superior books for nothing."

"With us, novelty has an attraction; and a new book, if bad, is read when an old book,
though good, is neglected."

"Novelty, to barbarous states of society struggling in despair for something better, has no
doubt an attraction, denied to us, who see nothing to gain in novelties; but after all, it is
observed by one of our great authors four thousand years ago, that 'he who studies old
books will always find in them something new, and he who reads new books will always
find in them something old.' But to return to the question you have raised, there being
then amongst us no stimulus to painstaking labour, whether in desire of fame or in
pressure of want, such as have the poetic temperament, no doubt vent it in song, as you
say the bird sings; but for lack of elaborate culture it fails of an audience, and, failing of
an audience, dies out, of itself, amidst the ordinary avocations of life."

"But how is it that these discouragements to the cultivation of literature do not operate
against that of science?"

"Your question amazes me. The motive to science is the love of truth apart from all
consideration of fame, and science with us too is devoted almost solely to practical uses,
essential to our social conversation and the comforts of our daily life. No fame is asked
by the inventor, and none is given to him; he enjoys an occupation congenial to his tastes,
and needing no wear and tear of the passions. Man must have exercise for his mind as
well as body; and continuous exercise, rather than violent, is best for both. Our most
ingenious cultivators of science are, as a general rule, the longest lived and the most free
from disease. Painting is an amusement to many, but the art is not what it was in former
times, when the great painters in our various communities vied with each other for the
prize of a golden crown, which gave them a social rank equal to that of the kings under
whom they lived. You will thus doubtless have observed in our archaeological
department how superior in point of art the pictures were several thousand years ago.
Perhaps it is because music is, in reality, more allied to science than it is to poetry, that,
of all the pleasurable arts, music is that which flourishes the most amongst us. Still, even
in music the absence of stimulus in praise or fame has served to prevent any great
superiority of one individual over another; and we rather excel in choral music, with the
aid of our vast mechanical instruments, in which we make great use of the agency of
water,* than in single performers."

* This may remind the student of Nero's invention of a musical machine, by which water
was made to perform the part of an orchestra, and on which he was employed when the
conspiracy against him broke out.

"We have had scarcely any original composer for some ages. Our favorite airs are very
ancient in substance, but have admitted many complicated variations by inferior, though
ingenious, musicians."

"Are there no political societies among the Ana which are animated by those passions,
subjected to those crimes, and admitting those disparities in condition, in intellect, and in
morality, which the state of your tribe, or indeed of the Vril-ya generally, has left behind
in its progress to perfection? If so, among such societies perhaps Poetry and her sister arts
still continue to be honoured and to improve?"

"There are such societies in remote regions, but we do not admit them within the pale of
civilised communities; we scarcely even give them the name of Ana, and certainly not
that of Vril-ya. They are savages, living chiefly in that low stage of being, Koom-Posh,
tending necessarily to its own hideous dissolution in Glek-Nas. Their wretched existence
is passed in perpetual contest and perpetual change. When they do not fight with their
neighbours, they fight among themselves. They are divided into sections, which abuse,
plunder, and sometimes murder each other, and on the most frivolous points of difference
that would be unintelligible to us if we had not read history, and seen that we too have
passed through the same early state of ignorance and barbarism. Any trifle is sufficient to
set them together by the ears. They pretend to be all equals, and the more they have
struggled to be so, by removing old distinctions, and starting afresh, the more glaring and
intolerable the disparity becomes, because nothing in hereditary affections and
associations is left to soften the one naked distinction between the many who have
nothing and the few who have much. Of course the many hate the few, but without the
few they could not live. The many are always assailing the few; sometimes they
exterminate the few; but as soon as they have done so, a new few starts out of the many,
and is harder to deal with than the old few. For where societies are large, and competition
to have something is the predominant fever, there must be always many losers and few
gainers. In short, they are savages groping their way in the dark towards some gleam of
light, and would demand our commiseration for their infirmities, if, like all savages, they
did not provoke their own destruction by their arrogance and cruelty. Can you imagine
that creatures of this kind, armed only with such miserable weapons as you may see in
our museum of antiquities, clumsy iron tubes charged with saltpetre, have more than once
threatened with destruction a tribe of the Vril-ya, which dwells nearest to them, because
they say they have thirty millions of population- and that tribe may have fifty thousand- if
the latter do not accept their notions of Soc-Sec (money getting) on some trading
principles which they have the impudence to call 'a law of civilisation'?"

"But thirty millions of population are formidable odds against fifty thousand!"

My host stared at me astonished. "Stranger," said he, "you could not have heard me say
that this threatened tribe belongs to the Vril-ya; and it only waits for these savages to
declare war, in order to commission some half-a-dozen small children to sweep away
their whole population."
At these words I felt a thrill of horror, recognising much more affinity with "the savages"
than I did with the Vril-ya, and remembering all I had said in praise of the glorious
American institutions, which Aph-Lin stigmatised as Koom-Posh. Recovering my selfpossession,
I asked if there were modes of transit by which I could safely visit this
temerarious and remote people.

"You can travel with safety, by vril agency, either along the ground or amid the air,
throughout all the range of the communities with which we are allied and akin; but I
cannot vouch for your safety in barbarous nations governed by different laws from ours;
nations, indeed, so benighted, that there are among them large numbers who actually live
by stealing from each other, and one could not with safety in the Silent Hours even leave
the doors of one's own house open."

Here our conversation was interrupted by the entrance of Taee, who came to inform us
that he, having been deputed to discover and destroy the enormous reptile which I had
seen on my first arrival, had been on the watch for it ever since his visit to me, and had
began to suspect that my eyes had deceived me, or that the creature had made its way
through the cavities within the rocks to the wild regions in which dwelt its kindred race,-
when it gave evidences of its whereabouts by a great devastation of the herbage bordering
one of the lakes. "And," said Taee, "I feel sure that within that lake it is now hiding. So,"
(turning to me) "I thought it might amuse you to accompany me to see the way we
destroy such unpleasant visitors." As I looked at the face of the young child, and called to
mind the enormous size of the creature he proposed to exterminate, I felt myself shudder
with fear for him, and perhaps fear for myself, if I accompanied him in such a chase. But
my curiosity to witness the destructive effects of the boasted vril, and my unwillingness
to lower myself in the eyes of an infant by betraying apprehensions of personal safety,
prevailed over my first impulse. Accordingly, I thanked Taee for his courteous
consideration for my amusement, and professed my willingness to set out with him on so
diverting an enterprise.

Chapter 18

As Taee and myself, on quitting the town, and leaving to the left the main road which led
to it, struck into the fields, the strange and solemn beauty of the landscape, lighted up, by
numberless lamps, to the verge of the horizon, fascinated my eyes, and rendered me for
some time an inattentive listener to the talk of my companion.

Along our way various operations of agriculture were being carried on by machinery, the
forms of which were new to me, and for the most part very graceful; for among these
people art being so cultivated for the sake of mere utility, exhibits itself in adorning or
refining the shapes of useful objects. Precious metals and gems are so profuse among
them, that they are lavished on things devoted to purposes the most commonplace; and
their love of utility leads them to beautify its tools, and quickens their imagination in a
way unknown to themselves.

In all service, whether in or out of doors, they make great use of automaton figures,
which are so ingenious, and so pliant to the operations of vril, that they actually seem
gifted with reason. It was scarcely possible to distinguish the figures I beheld, apparently
guiding or superintending the rapid movements of vast engines, from human forms
endowed with thought.

By degrees, as we continued to walk on, my attention became roused by the lively and
acute remarks of my companion. The intelligence of the children among this race is
marvellously precocious, perhaps from the habit of having intrusted to them, at so early
an age, the toils and responsibilities of middle age. Indeed, in conversing with Taee, I felt
as if talking with some superior and observant man of my own years. I asked him if he
could form any estimate of the number of communities into which the race of the Vril-ya
is subdivided.

"Not exactly," he said, "because they multiply, of course, every year as the surplus of
each community is drafted off. But I heard my father say that, according to the last
report,there were a million and a half of communities speaking our language, and
adopting our institutions and forms of life and government; but, I believe, with some
differences, about which you had better ask Zee. She knows more than most of the Ana
do. An An cares less for things that do not concern him than a Gy does; the Gy-ei are
inquisitive creatures."

"Does each community restrict itself to the same number of families or amount of
population that you do?"

"No; some have much smaller populations, some have larger- varying according to the
extent of the country they appropriate, or to the degree of excellence to which they have
brought their machinery. Each community sets its own limit according to circumstances,
taking care always that there shall never arise any class of poor by the pressure of
population upon the productive powers of the domain; and that no state shall be too large
for a government resembling that of a single well-ordered family. I imagine that no vril
community exceeds thirty-thousand households. But, as a general rule, the smaller the
community, provided there be hands enough to do justice to the capacities of the territory
it occupies, the richer each individual is, and the larger the sum contributed to the general
treasury,- above all, the happier and the more tranquil is the whole political body, and the
more perfect the products of its industry. The state which all tribes of the Vril-ya
acknowledge to be the highest in civilisation, and which has brought the vril force to its
fullest development, is perhaps the smallest. It limits itself to four thousand families; but
every inch of its territory is cultivated to the utmost perfection of garden ground; its
machinery excels that of every other tribe, and there is no product of its industry in any
department which is not sought for, at extraordinary prices, by each community of our
race. All our tribes make this state their model, considering that we should reach the
highest state of civilisation allowed to mortals if we could unite the greatest degree of
happiness with the highest degree of intellectual achievement; and it is clear that the
smaller the society the less difficult that will be. Ours is too large for it."

This reply set me thinking. I reminded myself of that little state of Athens, with only
twenty thousand free citizens, and which to this day our mightiest nations regard as the
supreme guide and model in all departments of intellect. But then Athens permitted fierce
rivalry and perpetual change, and was certainly not happy. Rousing myself from the
reverie into which these reflections had plunged me, I brought back our talk to the
subjects connected with emigration.

"But," said I, "when, I suppose yearly, a certain number among you agree to quit home
and found a new community elsewhere, they must necessarily be very few, and scarcely
sufficient, even with the help of the machines they take with them, to clear the ground,
and build towns, and form a civilised state with the comforts and luxuries in which they
had been reared."

"You mistake. All the tribes of the Vril-ya are in constant communication with each
other, and settle amongst themselves each year what proportion of one community will
unite with the emigrants of another, so as to form a state of sufficient size; and the place
for emigration is agreed upon at least a year before, and pioneers sent from each state to
level rocks, and embank waters, and construct houses; so that when the emigrants at last
go, they find a city already made, and a country around it at least partially cleared. Our
hardy life as children make us take cheerfully to travel and adventure. I mean to emigrate
myself when of age."

"Do the emigrants always select places hitherto uninhabited and barren?"

"As yet generally, because it is our rule never to destroy except when necessary to our
well-being. Of course, we cannot settle in lands already occupied by the Vril-ya; and if
we take the cultivated lands of the other races of Ana, we must utterly destroy the
previous inhabitants. Sometimes, as it is, we take waste spots, and find that a
troublesome, quarrelsome race of Ana, especially if under the administration of Koom-
Posh or Glek-Nas, resents our vicinity, and picks a quarrel with us; then, of course, as
menacing our welfare, we destroy it: there is no coming to terms of peace with a race so
idiotic that it is always changing the form of government which represents it. Koom-
Posh," said the child, emphatically, "is bad enough, still it has brains, though at the back
of its head, and is not without a heart; but in Glek-Nas the brain and heart of the creatures
disappear, and they become all jaws, claws, and belly."

"You express yourself strongly. Allow me to inform you that I myself, and I am proud to
say it, am the citizen of a Koom-Posh."

"I no longer," answered Taee, "wonder to see you here so far from your home. What was
the condition of your native community before it became a Koom-Posh?"

"A settlement of emigrants- like those settlements which your tribe sends forth- but so far
unlike your settlements, that it was dependent on the state from which it came. It shook
off that yoke, and, crowned with eternal glory, became a Koom-Posh."

"Eternal glory! How long has the Koom-Posh lasted?"

"About 100 years."

"The length of an An's life- a very young community. In much less than another 100
years your Koom-Posh will be a Glek-Nas."

"Nay, the oldest states in the world I come from, have such faith in its duration, that they
are all gradually shaping their institutions so as to melt into ours, and their most
thoughtful politicians say that, whether they like it or not, the inevitable tendency of these
old states is towards Koom-Posh-erie."

"The old states?"

"Yes, the old states."

"With populations very small in proportion to the area of productive land?"

"On the contrary, with populations very large in proportion to that area."

"I see! old states indeed!- so old as to become drivelling if they don't pack off that surplus
population as we do ours- very old states!- very, very old! Pray, Tish, do you think it wise
for very old men to try to turn head-over-heels as very young children do? And if you ask
them why they attempted such antics, should you not laugh if they answered that by
imitating very young children they could become very young children themselves?

Ancient history abounds with instances of this sort a great many thousand years ago- and
in every instance a very old state that played at Koom-Posh soon tumbled into Glek-Nas.

Then, in horror of its own self, it cried out for a master, as an old man in his dotage cries
out for a nurse; and after a succession of masters or nurses, more or less long, that very
old state died out of history. A very old state attempting Koom-Posh-erie is like a very
old man who pulls down the house to which he has been accustomed, but he has so
exhausted his vigour in pulling down, that all he can do in the way of rebuilding is to run
up a crazy hut, in which himself and his successors whine out, 'How the wind blows!
How the walls shake!'"

"My dear Taee, I make all excuse for your unenlightened prejudices, which every
schoolboy educated in a Koom-Posh could easily controvert, though he might not be so
precociously learned in ancient history as you appear to be."

"I learned! not a bit of it. But would a schoolboy, educated in your Koom-Posh, ask his
great-great-grandfather or great-great-grandmother to stand on his or her head with the
feet uppermost? And if the poor old folks hesitated- say, 'What do you fear?- see how I
do it!'"
"Taee, I disdain to argue with a child of your age. I repeat, I make allowances for your
want of that culture which a Koom-Posh alone can bestow."

"I, in my turn," answered Taee, with an air of the suave but lofty good breeding which
characterises his race, "not only make allowances for you as not educated among the
Vril-ya, but I entreat you to vouchsafe me your pardon for the insufficient respect to the
habits and opinions of so amiable a Tish!"

I ought before to have observed that I was commonly called Tish by my host and his
family, as being a polite and indeed a pet name, literally signifying a small barbarian; the
children apply it endearingly to the tame species of Frog which they keep in their

We had now reached the banks of a lake, and Taee here paused to point out to me the
ravages made in fields skirting it. "The enemy certainly lies within these waters," said
Taee. "Observe what shoals of fish are crowded together at the margin. Even the great
fishes with the small ones, who are their habitual prey and who generally shun them, all
forget their instincts in the presence of a common destroyer. This reptile certainly must
belong to the class of Krek-a, which are more devouring than any other, and are said to
be among the few surviving species of the world's dreadest inhabitants before the Ana
were created. The appetite of a Krek is insatiable- it feeds alike upon vegetable and
animal life; but for the swift-footed creatures of the elk species it is too slow in its
movements. Its favourite dainty is an An when it can catch him unawares; and hence the
Ana destroy it relentlessly whenever it enters their dominion. I have heard that when our
forefathers first cleared this country, these monsters, and others like them, abounded, and,
vril being then undiscovered, many of our race were devoured. It was impossible to
exterminate them wholly till that discovery which constitutes the power and sustains the
civilisation of our race. But after the uses of vril became familiar to us, all creatures
inimical to us were soon annihilated. Still, once a-year or so, one of these enormous
creatures wanders from the unreclaimed and savage districts beyond, and within my
memory one has seized upon a young Gy who was bathing in this very lake. Had she
been on land and armed with her staff, it would not have dared even to show itself; for,
like all savage creatures, the reptile has a marvellous instinct, which warns it against the
bearer of the vril wand. How they teach their young to avoid him, though seen for the
first time, is one of those mysteries which you may ask Zee to explain, for I cannot.*
* The reptile in this instinct does but resemble our wild birds and animals, which will not
come in reach of a man armed with a gun. When the electric wires were first put up,
partridges struck against them in their flight, and fell down wounded. No younger
generations of partridges meet with a similar accident.

So long as I stand here, the monster will not stir from its lurking-place; but we must now
decoy it forth."

"Will that not be difficult?"
"Not at all. Seat yourself yonder on that crag (about one hundred yards from the bank),
while I retire to a distance. In a short time the reptile will catch sight or scent of you, and
perceiving that you are no vril-bearer, will come forth to devour you. As soon as it is
fairly out of the water, it becomes my prey."

"Do you mean to tell me that I am to be the decoy to that horrible monster which could
engulf me within its jaws in a second! I beg to decline."

The child laughed. "Fear nothing," said he; "only sit still."

Instead of obeying the command, I made a bound, and was about to take fairly to my
heels, when Taee touched me slightly on the shoulder, and, fixing his eyes steadily on
mine, I was rooted to the spot. All power of volition left me. Submissive to the infant's
gesture, I followed him to the crag he had indicated, and seated myself there in silence.
Most readers have seen something of the effects of electro-biology, whether genuine or
spurious. No professor of that doubtful craft had ever been able to influence a thought or
a movement of mine, but I was a mere machine at the will of this terrible child.
Meanwhile he expanded his wings, soared aloft, and alighted amidst a copse at the brow
of a hill at some distance.

I was alone; and turning my eyes with an indescribable sensation of horror towards the
lake, I kept them fixed on its water, spell-bound. It might be ten or fifteen minutes, to me
it seemed ages, before the still surface, gleaming under the lamplight, began to be
agitated towards the centre. At the same time the shoals of fish near the margin evinced
their sense of the enemy's approach by splash and leap and bubbling circle. I could detect
their hurried flight hither and thither, some even casting themselves ashore. A long, dark,
undulous furrow came moving along the waters, nearer and nearer, till the vast head of
the reptile emerged- its jaws bristling with fangs, and its dull eyes fixing themselves
hungrily on the spot where I sat motionless. And now its fore feet were on the strandnow
its enormous breast, scaled on either side as in armour, in the centre showing its
corrugated skin of a dull venomous yellow; and now its whole length was on the land, a
hundred feet or more from the jaw to the tail. Another stride of those ghastly feet would
have brought it to the spot where I sat. There was but a moment between me and this
grim form of death, when what seemed a flash of lightning shot through the air, smote,
and, for a space of time briefer than that in which a man can draw his breath, enveloped
the monster; and then, as the flash vanished, there lay before me a blackened, charred,
smouldering mass, a something gigantic, but of which even the outlines of form were
burned away, and rapidly crumbling into dust and ashes. I remained still seated, still
speechless, ice-cold with a new sensation of dread; what had been horror was now awe.
I felt the child's hand on my head- fear left me- the spell was broken- I rose up. "You see
with what ease the Vril-ya destroy their enemies," said Taee; and then, moving towards
the bank, he contemplated the smouldering relics of the monster, and said quietly, "I have
destroyed larger creatures, but none with so much pleasure. Yes, it IS a Krek; what
suffering it must have inflicted while it lived!" Then he took up the poor fishes that had
flung themselves ashore, and restored them mercifully to their native element.

Chapter 19

As we walked back to the town, Taee took a new and circuitous way, in order to show me
what, to use a familiar term, I will call the 'Station,' from which emigrants or travellers to
other communities commence their journeys. I had, on a former occasion, expressed a
wish to see their vehicles. These I found to be of two kinds, one for land journeys, one for
aerial voyages: the former were of all sizes and forms, some not larger than an ordinary
carriage, some movable houses of one story and containing several rooms, furnished
according to the ideas of comfort or luxury which are entertained by the Vril-ya. The
aerial vehicles were of light substances, not the least resembling our balloons, but rather
our boats and pleasure-vessels, with helm and rudder, with large wings or paddles, and a
central machine worked by vril. All the vehicles both for land or air were indeed worked
by that potent and mysterious agency.

I saw a convoy set out on its journey, but it had few passengers, containing chiefly
articles of merchandise, and was bound to a neighbouring community; for among all the
tribes of the Vril-ya there is considerable commercial interchange. I may here observe,
that their money currency does not consist of the precious metals, which are too common
among them for that purpose. The smaller coins in ordinary use are manufactured from a
peculiar fossil shell, the comparatively scarce remnant of some very early deluge, or
other convulsion of nature, by which a species has become extinct. It is minute, and flat
as an oyster, and takes a jewel-like polish. This coinage circulates among all the tribes of
the Vril-ya. Their larger transactions are carried on much like ours, by bills of exchange,
and thin metallic plates which answer the purpose of our bank-notes.

Let me take this occasion of adding that the taxation among the tribe I became acquainted
with was very considerable, compared with the amount of population. But I never heard
that any one grumbled at it, for it was devoted to purposes of universal utility, and indeed
necessary to the civilisation of the tribe. The cost of lighting so large a range of country,
of providing for emigration, of maintaining the public buildings at which the various
operations of national intellect were carried on, from the first education of an infant to the
departments in which the College of Sages were perpetually trying new experiments in
mechanical science; all these involved the necessity for considerable state funds. To these
I must add an item that struck me as very singular. I have said that all the human labour
required by the state is carried on by children up to the marriageable age. For this labour
the state pays, and at a rate immeasurably higher than our own remuneration to labour
even in the United States. According to their theory, every child, male or female, on
attaining the marriageable age, and there terminating the period of labour, should have
acquired enough for an independent competence during life. As, no matter what the
disparity of fortune in the parents, all the children must equally serve, so all are equally
paid according to their several ages or the nature of their work. Where the parents or
friends choose to retain a child in their own service, they must pay into the public fund in
the same ratio as the state pays to the children it employs; and this sum is handed over to
the child when the period of service expires. This practice serves, no doubt, to render the
notion of social equality familiar and agreeable; and if it may be said that all the children
form a democracy, no less truly it may be said that all the adults form an aristocracy. The
exquisite politeness and refinement of manners among the Vril-ya, the generosity of their
sentiments, the absolute leisure they enjoy for following out their own private pursuits,
the amenities of their domestic intercourse, in which they seem as members of one noble
order that can have no distrust of each other's word or deed, all combine to make the Vrilya
the most perfect nobility which a political disciple of Plato or Sidney could conceive
for the ideal of an aristocratic republic.

Chapter 20

From the date of the expedition with Taee which I have just narrated, the child paid me
frequent visits. He had taken a liking to me, which I cordially returned. Indeed, as he was
not yet twelve years old, and had not commenced the course of scientific studies with
which childhood closes in that country, my intellect was less inferior to his than to that of
the elder members of his race, especially of the Gy-ei, and most especially of the
accomplished Zee. The children of the Vril-ya, having upon their minds the weight of so
many active duties and grave responsibilities, are not generally mirthful; but Taee, with
all his wisdom, had much of the playful good-humour one often finds the characteristic of
elderly men of genius. He felt that sort of pleasure in my society which a boy of a similar
age in the upper world has in the company of a pet dog or monkey. It amused him to try
and teach me the ways of his people, as it amuses a nephew of mine to make his poodle
walk on his hind legs or jump through a hoop. I willingly lent myself to such
experiments, but I never achieved the success of the poodle. I was very much interested
at first in the attempt to ply the wings which the youngest of the Vril-ya use as nimbly
and easily as ours do their legs and arms; but my efforts were attended with contusions
serious enough to make me abandon them in despair.

These wings, as I before said, are very large, reaching to the knee, and in repose thrown
back so as to form a very graceful mantle. They are composed from the feathers of a
gigantic bird that abounds in the rocky heights of the country- the colour mostly white,
but sometimes with reddish streaks. They are fastened round the shoulders with light but
strong springs of steel; and, when expanded, the arms slide through loops for that
purpose, forming, as it were, a stout central membrane. As the arms are raised, a tubular
lining beneath the vest or tunic becomes, by mechanical contrivance inflated with air,
increased or diminished at will by the movement of the arms, and serving to buoy the
whole form as on bladders. The wings and the balloon-like apparatus are highly charged
with vril; and when the body is thus wafted upward, it seems to become singularly
lightened of its weight. I found it easy enough to soar from the ground; indeed, when the
wings were spread it was scarcely possible not to soar, but then came the difficulty and
the danger. I utterly failed in the power to use and direct the pinions, though I am
considered among my own race unusually alert and ready in bodily exercises, and am a
very practiced swimmer. I could only make the most confused and blundering efforts at
flight. I was the servant of the wings; the wings were not my servants- they were beyond
my control; and when by a violent strain of muscle, and, I must fairly own, in that
abnormal strength which is given by excessive fright, I curbed their gyrations and
brought them near to the body, it seemed as if I lost the sustaining power stored in them
and the connecting bladders, as when the air is let out of a balloon, and found myself
precipitated again to the earth; saved, indeed, by some spasmodic flutterings, from being
dashed to pieces, but not saved from the bruises and the stun of a heavy fall. I would,
however, have persevered in my attempts, but for the advice or the commands of the
scientific Zee, who had benevolently accompanied my flutterings, and, indeed, on the last
occasion, flying just under me, received my form as it fell on her own expanded wings,
and preserved me from breaking my head on the roof of the pyramid from which we had

"I see," she said, "that your trials are in vain, not from the fault of the wings and their
appurtenances, nor from any imperfectness and malformation of your own corpuscular
system, but from irremediable, because organic, defect in your power of volition. Learn
that the connection between the will and the agencies of that fluid which has been
subjected to the control of the Vril-ya was never established by the first discoverers,
never achieved by a single generation; it has gone on increasing, like other properties of
race, in proportion as it has been uniformly transmitted from parent to child, so that, at
last, it has become an instinct; and an infant An of our race wills to fly as intuitively and
unconsciously as he wills to walk. He thus plies his invented or artificial wings with as
much safety as a bird plies those with which it is born. I did not think sufficiently of this
when I allowed you to try an experiment which allured me, for I have longed to have in
you a companion. I shall abandon the experiment now. Your life is becoming dear to
me." Herewith the Gy's voice and face softened, and I felt more seriously alarmed than I
had been in my previous flights.

Now that I am on the subject of wings, I ought not to omit mention of a custom among
the Gy-ei which seems to me very pretty and tender in the sentiment it implies. A Gy
wears wings habitually when yet a virgin- she joins the Ana in their aerial sports- she
adventures alone and afar into the wilder regions of the sunless world: in the boldness
and height of her soarings, not less than in the grace of her movements, she excels the
opposite sex. But, from the day of her marriage she wears wings no more, she suspends
them with her own willing hand over the nuptial couch, never to be resumed unless the
marriage tie be severed by divorce or death.

Now when Zee's voice and eyes thus softened- and at that softening I prophetically
recoiled and shuddered- Taee, who had accompanied us in our flights, but who, childlike,
had been much more amused with my awkwardness, than sympathising in my fears
or aware of my danger, hovered over us, poised amidst spread wings, and hearing the
endearing words of the young Gy, laughed aloud. Said he, "If the Tish cannot learn the
use of wings, you may still be his companion, Zee, for you can suspend your own."

Chapter 21

I had for some time observed in my host's highly informed and powerfully proportioned
daughter that kindly and protective sentiment which, whether above the earth or below it,
an all-wise Providence has bestowed upon the feminine division of the human race. But
until very lately I had ascribed it to that affection for 'pets' which a human female at every
age shares with a human child. I now became painfully aware that the feeling with which
Zee deigned to regard me was different from that which I had inspired in Taee. But this
conviction gave me none of that complacent gratification which the vanity of man
ordinarily conceives from a flattering appreciation of his personal merits on the part of
the fair sex; on the contrary, it inspired me with fear. Yet of all the Gy-ei in the
community, if Zee were perhaps the wisest and the strongest, she was, by common
repute, the gentlest, and she was certainly the most popularly beloved. The desire to aid,
to succour, to protect, to comfort, to bless, seemed to pervade her whole being. Though
the complicated miseries that originate in penury and guilt are unknown to the social
system of the Vril-ya, still, no sage had yet discovered in vril an agency which could
banish sorrow from life; and wherever amongst her people sorrow found its way, there
Zee followed in the mission of comforter. Did some sister Gy fail to secure the love she
sighed for? Zee sought her out, and brought all the resources of her lore, and all the
consolations of her sympathy, to bear upon a grief that so needs the solace of a confidant.
In the rare cases, when grave illness seized upon childhood or youth, and the cases, less
rare, when, in the hardy and adventurous probation of infants, some accident, attended
with pain and injury occurred, Zee forsook her studies and her sports, and became the
healer and nurse. Her favourite flights were towards the extreme boundaries of the
domain where children were stationed on guard against outbreaks of warring forces in
nature, or the invasions of devouring animals, so that she might warn them of any peril
which her knowledge detected or foresaw, or be at hand if any harm had befallen. Nay,
even in the exercise of her scientific acquirements there was a concurrent benevolence of
purpose and will. Did she learn any novelty in invention that would be useful to the
practitioner of some special art or craft? she hastened to communicate and explain it. Was
some veteran sage of the College perplexed and wearied with the toil of an abstruse
study? she would patiently devote herself to his aid, work out details for him, sustain his
spirits with her hopeful smile, quicken his wit with her luminous suggestion, be to him, as
it were, his own good genius made visible as the strengthener and inspirer. The same
tenderness she exhibited to the inferior creatures. I have often known her bring home
some sick and wounded animal, and tend and cherish it as a mother would tend and
cherish her stricken child. Many a time when I sat in the balcony, or hanging garden, on
which my window opened, I have watched her rising in the air on her radiant wings, and
in a few moments groups of infants below, catching sight of her, would soar upward with
joyous sounds of greeting; clustering and sporting around her, so that she seemed a very
centre of innocent delight. When I have walked with her amidst the rocks and valleys
without the city, the elk-deer would scent or see her from afar, come bounding up, eager
for the caress of her hand, or follow her footsteps, till dismissed by some musical whisper
that the creature had learned to comprehend. It is the fashion among the virgin Gy-ei to
wear on their foreheads a circlet, or coronet, with gems resembling opals, arranged in
four points or rays like stars. These are lustreless in ordinary use, but if touched by the
vril wand they take a clear lambent flame, which illuminates, yet not burns. This serves
as an ornament in their festivities, and as a lamp, if, in their wanderings beyond their
artificial lights, they have to traverse the dark. There are times, when I have seen Zee's
thoughtful majesty of face lighted up by this crowning halo, that I could scarcely believe
her to be a creature of mortal birth, and bent my head before her as the vision of a being
among the celestial orders. But never once did my heart feel for this lofty type of the
noblest womanhood a sentiment of human love. Is it that, among the race I belong to,
man's pride so far influences his passions that woman loses to him her special charm of
woman if he feels her to be in all things eminently superior to himself? But by what
strange infatuation could this peerless daughter of a race which, in the supremacy of its
powers and the felicity of its conditions, ranked all other races in the category of
barbarians, have deigned to honour me with her preference? In personal qualifications,
though I passed for good-looking amongst the people I came from, the handsomest of my
countrymen might have seemed insignificant and homely beside the grand and serene
type of beauty which characterised the aspect of the Vril-ya.

That novelty, the very difference between myself and those to whom Zee was
accustomed, might serve to bias her fancy was probable enough, and as the reader will
see later, such a cause might suffice to account for the predilection with which I was
distinguished by a young Gy scarcely out of her childhood, and very inferior in all
respects to Zee. But whoever will consider those tender characteristics which I have just
ascribed to the daughter of Aph-Lin, may readily conceive that the main cause of my
attraction to her was in her instinctive desire to cherish, to comfort, to protect, and, in
protecting, to sustain and to exalt. Thus, when I look back, I account for the only
weakness unworthy of her lofty nature, which bowed the daughter of the Vril-ya to a
woman's affection for one so inferior to herself as was her father's guest. But be the cause
what it may, the consciousness that I had inspired such affection thrilled me with awe- a
moral awe of her very imperfections, of her mysterious powers, of the inseparable
distinctions between her race and my own; and with that awe, I must confess to my
shame, there combined the more material and ignoble dread of the perils to which her
preference would expose me.

Under these anxious circumstances, fortunately, my conscience and sense of honour were
free from reproach. It became clearly my duty, if Zee's preference continued manifest, to
intimate it to my host, with, of course, all the delicacy which is ever to be preserved by a
well-bred man in confiding to another any degree of favour by which one of the fair sex
may condescend to distinguish him. Thus, at all events, I should be freed from
responsibility or suspicion of voluntary participation in the sentiments of Zee; and the
superior wisdom of my host might probably suggest some sage extrication from my
perilous dilemma. In this resolve I obeyed the ordinary instinct of civilised and moral
man, who, erring though he be, still generally prefers the right course in those cases
where it is obviously against his inclinations, his interests, and his safety to elect the
wrong one.

Chapter 22

As the reader has seen, Aph-Lin had not favoured my general and unrestricted intercourse
with his countrywomen. Though relying on my promise to abstain from giving any
information as to the world I had left, and still more on the promise of those to whom had
been put the same request, not to question me, which Zee had exacted from Taee, yet he
did not feel sure that, if I were allowed to mix with the strangers whose curiosity the sight
of me had aroused, I could sufficiently guard myself against their inquiries. When I went
out, therefore, it was never alone; I was always accompanied either by one of my host's
family, or my child-friend Taee. Bra, Aph-Lin's wife, seldom stirred beyond the gardens
which surrounded the house, and was fond of reading the ancient literature, which
contained something of romance and adventure not to be found in the writings of recent
ages, and presented pictures of a life unfamiliar to her experience and interesting to her
imagination; pictures, indeed, of a life more resembling that which we lead every day
above ground, coloured by our sorrows, sins, passions, and much to her what the tales of
the Genii or the Arabian Nights are to us. But her love of reading did not prevent Bra
from the discharge of her duties as mistress of the largest household in the city. She went
daily the round of the chambers, and saw that the automata and other mechanical
contrivances were in order, that the numerous children employed by Aph-Lin, whether in
his private or public capacity, were carefully tended. Bra also inspected the accounts of
the whole estate, and it was her great delight to assist her husband in the business
connected with his office as chief administrator of the Lighting Department, so that her
avocations necessarily kept her much within doors. The two sons were both completing
their education at the College of Sages; and the elder, who had a strong passion for
mechanics, and especially for works connected with the machinery of timepieces and
automata, had decided on devoting himself to these pursuits, and was now occupied in
constructing a shop or warehouse, at which his inventions could be exhibited and sold.
The younger son preferred farming and rural occupations; and when not attending the
College, at which he chiefly studied the theories of agriculture, was much absorbed by his
practical application of that science to his father's lands. It will be seen by this how
completely equality of ranks is established among this people- a shopkeeper being of
exactly the same grade in estimation as the large landed proprietor. Aph-Lin was the
wealthiest member of the community, and his eldest son preferred keeping a shop to any
other avocation; nor was this choice thought to show any want of elevated notions on his

This young man had been much interested in examining my watch, the works of which
were new to him, and was greatly pleased when I made him a present of it. Shortly after,
he returned the gift with interest, by a watch of his own construction, marking both the
time as in my watch and the time as kept among the Vril-ya. I have that watch still, and it
has been much admired by many among the most eminent watchmakers of London and
Paris. It is of gold, with diamond hands and figures, and it plays a favorite tune among
the Vril-ya in striking the hours: it only requires to be wound up once in ten months, and
has never gone wrong since I had it. These young brothers being thus occupied, my usual
companions in that family, when I went abroad, were my host or his daughter. Now,
agreeably with the honourable conclusions I had come to, I began to excuse myself from
Zee's invitations to go out alone with her, and seized an occasion when that learned Gy
was delivering a lecture at the College of Sages to ask Aph-Lin to show me his countryseat.
As this was at some little distance, and as Aph-Lin was not fond of walking, while I
had discreetly relinquished all attempts at flying, we proceeded to our destination in one
of the aerial boats belonging to my host. A child of eight years old, in his employ, was
our conductor. My host and myself reclined on cushions, and I found the movement very
easy and luxurious.

"Aph-Lin," said I, "you will not, I trust, be displeased with me, if I ask your permission to
travel for a short time, and visit other tribes or communities of your illustrious race. I
have also a strong desire to see those nations which do not adopt your institutions, and
which you consider as savages. It would interest me greatly to notice what are the
distinctions between them and the races whom we consider civilised in the world I have

"It is utterly impossible that you should go hence alone," said Aph-Lin. "Even among the
Vril-ya you would be exposed to great dangers. Certain peculiarities of formation and
colour, and the extraordinary phenomenon of hirsute bushes upon your cheeks and chin,
denoting in you a species of An distinct alike from our own race and any known race of
barbarians yet extant, would attract, of course, the special attention of the College of
Sages in whatever community of Vril-ya you visited, and it would depend upon the
individual temper of some individual sage whether you would be received, as you have
been here, hospitably, or whether you would not be at once dissected for scientific
purposes. Know that when the Tur first took you to his house, and while you were there
put to sleep by Taee in order to recover from your previous pain or fatigue, the sages
summoned by the Tur were divided in opinion whether you were a harmless or an
obnoxious animal. During your unconscious state your teeth were examined, and they
clearly showed that you were not only graminivorous but carnivorous. Carnivorous
animals of your size are always destroyed, as being of savage and dangerous nature. Our
teeth, as you have doubtless observed,* are not those of the creatures who devour flesh."

* I never had observed it; and, if I had, am not physiologist enough to have distinguished
the difference.

"It is, indeed, maintained by Zee and other philosophers, that as, in remote ages, the Ana
did prey upon living beings of the brute species, their teeth must have been fitted for that
purpose. But, even if so, they have been modified by hereditary transmission, and suited
to the food on which we now exist; nor are even the barbarians, who adopt the turbulent
and ferocious institutions of Glek-Nas, devourers of flesh like beasts of prey.

"In the course of this dispute it was proposed to dissect you; but Taee begged you off,
and the Tur being, by office, averse to all novel experiments at variance with our custom
of sparing life, except where it is clearly proved to be for the good of the community to
take it, sent to me, whose business it is, as the richest man of the state, to afford
hospitality to strangers from a distance. It was at my option to decide whether or not you
were a stranger whom I could safely admit. Had I declined to receive you, you would
have been handed over to the College of Sages, and what might there have befallen you I
do not like to conjecture. Apart from this danger, you might chance to encounter some
child of four years old, just put in possession of his vril staff; and who, in alarm at your
strange appearance, and in the impulse of the moment, might reduce you to a cinder. Taee
himself was about to do so when he first saw you, had his father not checked his hand.
Therefore I say you cannot travel alone, but with Zee you would be safe; and I have no
doubt that she would accompany you on a tour round the neighbouring communities of
Vril-ya (to the savage states, No!): I will ask her."

Now, as my main object in proposing to travel was to escape from Zee, I hastily
exclaimed, "Nay, pray do not! I relinquish my design. You have said enough as to its
dangers to deter me from it; and I can scarcely think it right that a young Gy of the
personal attractions of your lovely daughter should travel into other regions without a
better protector than a Tish of my insignificant strength and stature."

Aph-Lin emitted the soft sibilant sound which is the nearest approach to laughter that a
full-grown An permits to himself, ere he replied: "Pardon my discourteous but
momentary indulgence of mirth at any observation seriously made by my guest. I could
not but be amused at the idea of Zee, who is so fond of protecting others that children call
her 'THE GUARDIAN,' needing a protector herself against any dangers arising from the
audacious admiration of males. Know that our Gy-ei, while unmarried, are accustomed to
travel alone among other tribes, to see if they find there some An who may please them
more than the Ana they find at home. Zee has already made three such journeys, but
hitherto her heart has been untouched."

Here the opportunity which I sought was afforded to me, and I said, looking down, and
with faltering voice, "Will you, my kind host, promise to pardon me, if what I am about
to say gives offence?"

"Say only the truth, and I cannot be offended; or, could I be so, it would not be for me,
but for you to pardon."

"Well, then, assist me to quit you, and, much as I should have like to witness more of the
wonders, and enjoy more of the felicity, which belong to your people, let me return to my

"I fear there are reasons why I cannot do that; at all events, not without permission of the
Tur, and he, probably, would not grant it. You are not destitute of intelligence; you may
(though I do not think so) have concealed the degree of destructive powers possessed by
your people; you might, in short, bring upon us some danger; and if the Tur entertains
that idea, it would clearly be his duty, either to put an end to you, or enclose you in a cage
for the rest of your existence. But why should you wish to leave a state of society which
you so politely allow to be more felicitous than your own?"

"Oh, Aph-Lin! My answer is plain. Lest in naught, and unwittingly, I should betray your
hospitality; lest, in the caprice of will which in our world is proverbial among the other
sex, and from which even a Gy is not free, your adorable daughter should deign to regard
me, though a Tish, as if I were a civilised An, and- and- and---"

"Court you as her spouse," put in Aph-Lin, gravely, and without any visible sign of
surprise or displeasure.

"You have said it."

"That would be a misfortune," resumed my host, after a pause, "and I feel you have acted
as you ought in warning me. It is, as you imply, not uncommon for an unwedded Gy to
conceive tastes as to the object she covets which appear whimsical to others; but there is
no power to compel a young Gy to any course opposed to that which she chooses to
pursue. All we can to is to reason with her, and experience tells us that the whole College
of Sages would find it vain to reason with a Gy in a matter that concerns her choice in
love. I grieve for you, because such a marriage would be against the A-glauran, or good
of the community, for the children of such a marriage would adulterate the race: they
might even come into the world with the teeth of carnivorous animals; this could not be
allowed: Zee, as a Gy, cannot be controlled; but you, as a Tish, can be destroyed. I advise
you, then, to resist her addresses; to tell her plainly that you can never return her love.
This happens constantly. Many an An, however, ardently wooed by one Gy, rejects her,
and puts an end to her persecution by wedding another. The same course is open to you."
"No; for I cannot wed another Gy without equally injuring the community, and exposing
it to the chance of rearing carnivorous children."

"That is true. All I can say, and I say it with the tenderness due to a Tish, and the respect
due to a guest, is frankly this- if you yield, you will become a cinder. I must leave it to
you to take the best way you can to defend yourself. Perhaps you had better tell Zee that
she is ugly. That assurance on the lips of him she woos generally suffices to chill the
most ardent Gy. Here we are at my country-house."

Chapter 23

I confess that my conversation with Aph-Lin, and the extreme coolness with which he
stated his inability to control the dangerous caprice of his daughter, and treated the idea
of the reduction into a cinder to which her amorous flame might expose my too seductive
person, took away the pleasure I should otherwise have had in the contemplation of my
host's country-seat, and the astonishing perfection of the machinery by which his farming
operations were conducted. The house differed in appearance from the massive and
sombre building which Aph-Lin inhabited in the city, and which seemed akin to the rocks
out of which the city itself had been hewn into shape. The walls of the country-seat were
composed by trees placed a few feet apart from each other, the interstices being filled in
with the transparent metallic substance which serves the purpose of glass among the Ana.
These trees were all in flower, and the effect was very pleasing, if not in the best taste.
We were received at the porch by life-like automata, who conducted us into a chamber,
the like to which I never saw before, but have often on summer days dreamily imagined.
It was a bower- half room, half garden. The walls were one mass of climbing flowers.
The open spaces, which we call windows, and in which, here, the metallic surfaces were
slided back, commanded various views; some, of the wide landscape with its lakes and
rocks; some, of small limited expanses answering to our conservatories, filled with tiers
of flowers. Along the sides of the room were flower-beds, interspersed with cushions for
repose. In the centre of the floor was a cistern and a fountain of that liquid light which I
have presumed to be naphtha. It was luminous and of a roseate hue; it sufficed without
lamps to light up the room with a subdued radiance. All around the fountain was carpeted
with a soft deep lichen, not green (I have never seen that colour in the vegetation of this
country), but a quiet brown, on which the eye reposes with the same sense of relief as that
with which in the upper world it reposes on green. In the outlets upon flowers (which I
have compared to our conservatories) there were singing birds innumerable, which, while
we remained in the room, sang in those harmonies of tune to which they are, in these
parts, so wonderfully trained. The roof was open. The whole scene had charms for every
sense- music form the birds, fragrance from the flowers, and varied beauty to the eye at
every aspect. About all was a voluptuous repose. What a place, methought, for a
honeymoon, if a Gy bride were a little less formidably armed not only with the rights of
woman, but with the powers of man! But when one thinks of a Gy, so learned, so tall, so
stately, so much above the standard of the creature we call woman as was Zee, no! even
if I had felt no fear of being reduced to a cinder, it is not of her I should have dreamed in
that bower so constructed for dreams of poetic love.

The automata reappeared, serving one of those delicious liquids which form the innocent
wines of the Vril-ya.

"Truly," said I, "this is a charming residence, and I can scarcely conceive why you do not
settle yourself here instead of amid the gloomier abodes of the city."

"As responsible to the community for the administration of light, I am compelled to
reside chiefly in the city, and can only come hither for short intervals."

"But since I understand from you that no honours are attached to your office, and it
involves some trouble, why do you accept it?"

"Each of us obeys without question the command of the Tur. He said, 'Be it requested
that Aph-Lin shall be the Commissioner of Light,' so I had no choice; but having held the
office now for a long time, the cares, which were at first unwelcome, have become, if not
pleasing, at least endurable. We are all formed by custom- even the difference of our race
from the savage is but the transmitted continuance of custom, which becomes, through
hereditary descent, part and parcel of our nature. You see there are Ana who even
reconcile themselves to the responsibilities of chief magistrate, but no one would do so if
his duties had not been rendered so light, or if there were any questions as to compliance
with his requests."

"Not even if you thought the requests unwise or unjust?"

"We do not allow ourselves to think so, and, indeed, everything goes on as if each and all
governed themselves according to immemorial custom."

"When the chief magistrate dies or retires, how do you provide for his successor?"
"The An who has discharged the duties of chief magistrate for many years is the best
person to choose one by whom those duties may be understood, and he generally names
his successor."

"His son, perhaps?"

"Seldom that; for it is not an office any one desires or seeks, and a father naturally
hesitates to constrain his son. But if the Tur himself decline to make a choice, for fear it
might be supposed that he owed some grudge to the person on whom his choice would
settle, then there are three of the College of Sages who draw lots among themselves
which shall have the power to elect the chief. We consider that the judgment of one An of
ordinary capacity is better than the judgment of three or more, however wise they may
be; for among three there would probably be disputes, and where there are disputes,
passion clouds judgment. The worst choice made by one who has no motive in choosing
wrong, is better than the best choice made by many who have many motives for not
choosing right."

"You reverse in your policy the maxims adopted in my country."

"Are you all, in your country, satisfied with your governors?"

"All! Certainly not; the governors that most please some are sure to be those most
displeasing to others."

"Then our system is better than yours."

"For you it may be; but according to our system a Tish could not be reduced to a cinder if
a female compelled him to marry her; and as a Tish I sigh to return to my native world."
"Take courage, my dear little guest; Zee can't compel you to marry her. She can only
entice you to do so. Don't be enticed. Come and look round my domain."

We went forth into a close, bordered with sheds; for though the Ana keep no stock for
food, there are some animals which they rear for milking and others for shearing. The
former have no resemblance to our cows, nor the latter to our sheep, nor do I believe such
species exist amongst them. They use the milk of three varieties of animal: one resembles
the antelope, but is much larger, being as tall as a camel; the other two are smaller, and,
though differing somewhat from each other, resemble no creature I ever saw on earth.
They are very sleek and of rounded proportions; their colour that of the dappled deer,
with very mild countenances and beautiful dark eyes. The milk of these three creatures
differs in richness and taste. It is usually diluted with water, and flavoured with the juice
of a peculiar and perfumed fruit, and in itself is very nutritious and palatable. The animal
whose fleece serves them for clothing and many other purposes, is more like the Italian
she-goat than any other creature, but is considerably larger, has no horns, and is free from
the displeasing odour of our goats. Its fleece is not thick, but very long and fine; it varies
in colour, but is never white, more generally of a slate-like or lavender hue. For clothing
it is usually worn dyed to suit the taste of the wearer. These animals were exceedingly
tame, and were treated with extraordinary care and affection by the children (chiefly
female) who tended them.

We then went through vast storehouses filled with grains and fruits. I may here observe
that the main staple of food among these people consists- firstly, of a kind of corn much
larger in ear than our wheat, and which by culture is perpetually being brought into new
varieties of flavour; and, secondly, of a fruit of about the size of a small orange, which,
when gathered, is hard and bitter. It is stowed away for many months in their warehouses,
and then becomes succulent and tender. Its juice, which is of dark-red colour, enters into
most of their sauces. They have many kinds of fruit of the nature of the olive, from which
delicious oils are extracted. They have a plant somewhat resembling the sugar-cane, but
its juices are less sweet and of a delicate perfume. They have no bees nor honey-making
insects, but they make much use of a sweet gum that oozes from a coniferous plant, not
unlike the araucaria. Their soil teems also with esculent roots and vegetables, which it is
the aim of their culture to improve and vary to the utmost. And I never remember any
meal among this people, however it might be confined to the family household, in which
some delicate novelty in such articles of food was not introduced. In fine, as I before
observed, their cookery is exquisite, so diversified and nutritious that one does not miss
animal food; and their own physical forms suffice to show that with them, at least, meat
is not required for superior production of muscular fibre. They have no grapes- the drinks
extracted from their fruits are innocent and refreshing. Their staple beverage, however, is
water, in the choice of which they are very fastidious, distinguishing at once the slightest

"My younger son takes great pleasure in augmenting our produce," said Aph-Lin as we
passed through the storehouses, "and therefore will inherit these lands, which constitute
the chief part of my wealth. To my elder son such inheritance would be a great trouble
and affliction."

"Are there many sons among you who think the inheritance of vast wealth would be a
great trouble and affliction?"

"Certainly; there are indeed very few of the Vril-ya who do not consider that a fortune
much above the average is a heavy burden. We are rather a lazy people after the age of
childhood, and do not like undergoing more cares than we can help, and great wealth
does give its owner many cares. For instance, it marks us out for public offices, which
none of us like and none of us can refuse. It necessitates our taking a continued interest in
the affairs of any of our poorer countrymen, so that we may anticipate their wants and see
that none fall into poverty. There is an old proverb amongst us which says, 'The poor
man's need is the rich man's shame---'"

"Pardon me, if I interrupt you for a moment. You allow that some, even of the Vril-ya,
know want, and need relief."

"If by want you mean the destitution that prevails in a Koom-Posh, THAT is impossible
with us, unless an An has, by some extraordinary process, got rid of all his means, cannot
or will not emigrate, and has either tired out the affectionate aid of this relations or
personal friends, or refuses to accept it."

"Well, then, does he not supply the place of an infant or automaton, and become a
labourer- a servant?"

"No; then we regard him as an unfortunate person of unsound reason, and place him, at
the expense of the State, in a public building, where every comfort and every luxury that
can mitigate his affliction are lavished upon him. But an An does not like to be
considered out of his mind, and therefore such cases occur so seldom that the public
building I speak of is now a deserted ruin, and the last inmate of it was an An whom I
recollect to have seen in my childhood. He did not seem conscious of loss of reason, and
wrote glaubs (poetry). When I spoke of wants, I meant such wants as an An with desires
larger than his means sometimes entertains- for expensive singing-birds, or bigger
houses, or country-gardens; and the obvious way to satisfy such wants is to buy of him
something that he sells. Hence Ana like myself, who are very rich, are obliged to buy a
great many things they do not require, and live on a very large scale where they might
prefer to live on a small one. For instance, the great size of my house in the town is a
source of much trouble to my wife, and even to myself; but I am compelled to have it
thus incommodiously large, because, as the richest An of the community, I am appointed
to entertain the strangers from the other communities when they visit us, which they do in
great crowds twice-a-year, when certain periodical entertainments are held, and when
relations scattered throughout all the realms of the Vril-ya joyfully reunite for a time.
This hospitality, on a scale so extensive, is not to my taste, and therefore I should have
been happier had I been less rich. But we must all bear the lot assigned to us in this short
passage through time that we call life. After all, what are a hundred years, more or less, to
the ages through which we must pass hereafter? Luckily, I have one son who likes great
wealth. It is a rare exception to the general rule, and I own I cannot myself understand it."
After this conversation I sought to return to the subject which continued to weigh on my
heart- viz., the chances of escape from Zee. But my host politely declined to renew that
topic, and summoned our air-boat. On our way back we were met by Zee, who, having
found us gone, on her return from the College of Sages, had unfurled her wings and
flown in search of us.

Her grand, but to me unalluring, countenance brightened as she beheld me, and, poising
herself beside the boat on her large outspread plumes, she said reproachfully to Aph-Lin-
"Oh, father, was it right in you to hazard the life of your guest in a vehicle to which he is
so unaccustomed? He might, by an incautious movement, fall over the side; and alas; he
is not like us, he has no wings. It were death to him to fall. Dear one!" (she added,
accosting my shrinking self in a softer voice), "have you no thought of me, that you
should thus hazard a life which has become almost a part of mine? Never again be thus
rash, unless I am thy companion. What terror thou hast stricken into me!"

I glanced furtively at Aph-Lin, expecting, at least, that he would indignantly reprove his
daughter for expressions of anxiety and affection, which, under all the circumstances,
would, in the world above ground, be considered immodest in the lips of a young female,
addressed to a male not affianced to her, even if of the same rank as herself.

But so confirmed are the rights of females in that region, and so absolutely foremost
among those rights do females claim the privilege of courtship, that Aph-Lin would no
more have thought of reproving his virgin daughter than he would have thought of
disobeying the orders of the Tur. In that country, custom, as he implied, is all in all.
He answered mildly, "Zee, the Tish is in no danger and it is my belief the he can take
very good care of himself."

"I would rather that he let me charge myself with his care. Oh, heart of my heart, it was in
the thought of thy danger that I first felt how much I loved thee!"

Never did man feel in such a false position as I did. These words were spoken loud in the
hearing of Zee's father- in the hearing of the child who steered. I blushed with shame for
them, and for her, and could not help replying angrily: "Zee, either you mock me, which,
as your father's guest, misbecomes you, or the words you utter are improper for a maiden
Gy to address even to an An of her own race, if he has not wooed her with the consent of
her parents. How much more improper to address them to a Tish, who has never
presumed to solicit your affections, and who can never regard you with other sentiments
than those of reverence and awe!"

Aph-Lin made me a covert sing of approbation, but said nothing.

"Be not so cruel!" exclaimed Zee, still in sonorous accents. "Can love command itself
where it is truly felt? Do you suppose that a maiden Gy will conceal a sentiment that it
elevates her to feel? What a country you must have come from!"

Here Aph-Lin gently interposed, saying, "Among the Tish-a the rights of your sex do not
appear to be established, and at all events my guest may converse with you more freely if
unchecked by the presence of others."

To this remark Zee made no reply, but, darting on me a tender reproachful glance,
agitated her wings and fled homeward.

"I had counted, at least, on some aid from my host," I said bitterly, "in the perils to which
his own daughter exposes me."

"I gave you the best aid I could. To contradict a Gy in her love affairs is to confirm her
purpose. She allows no counsel to come between her and her affections."

Chapter 24

On alighting from the air-boat, a child accosted Aph-Lin in the hall with a request that he
would be present at the funeral obsequies of a relation who had recently departed from
that nether world.

Now, I had never seen a burial-place or cemetery amongst this people, and, glad to seize
even so melancholy an occasion to defer an encounter with Zee, I asked Aph-Lin if I
might be permitted to witness with him the interment of his relation; unless, indeed, it
were regarded as one of those sacred ceremonies to which a stranger to their race might
not be admitted.

"The departure of an An to a happier world," answered my host, "when, as in the case of
my kinsman, he has lived so long in this as to have lost pleasure in it, is rather a cheerful
though quiet festival than a sacred ceremony, and you may accompany me if you will."
Preceded by the child-messenger, we walked up the main street to a house at some little
distance, and, entering the hall, were conducted to a room on the ground floor, where we
found several persons assembled round a couch on which was laid the deceased. It was an
old man, who had, as I was told, lived beyond his 130th year. To judge by the calm smile
on his countenance, he had passed away without suffering. One of the sons, who was now
the head of the family, and who seemed in vigorous middle life, though he was
considerably more than seventy, stepped forward with a cheerful face and told Aph-Lin
"that the day before he died his father had seen in a dream his departed Gy, and was eager
to be reunited to her, and restored to youth beneath the nearer smile of the All-Good."
While these two were talking, my attention was drawn to a dark metallic substance at the
farther end of the room. It was about twenty feet in length, narrow in proportion, and all
closed round, save, near the roof, there were small round holes through which might be
seen a red light. From the interior emanated a rich and sweet perfume; and while I was
conjecturing what purpose this machine was to serve, all the time-pieces in the town
struck the hour with their solemn musical chime; and as that sound ceased, music of a
more joyous character, but still of a joy subdued and tranquil, rang throughout the
chamber, and from the walls beyond, in a choral peal. Symphonious with the melody,
those in the room lifted their voices in chant. The words of this hymn were simple. They
expressed no regret, no farewell, but rather a greeting to the new world whither the
deceased had preceded the living. Indeed, in their language, the funeral hymn is called
the 'Birth Song.' Then the corpse, covered by a long cerement, was tenderly lifted up by
six of the nearest kinfolk and borne towards the dark thing I have described. I pressed
forward to see what happened. A sliding door or panel at one end was lifted up- the body
deposited within, on a shelf- the door reclosed- a spring a the side touched- a sudden
'whishing,' sighing sound heard from within; and lo! at the other end of the machine the
lid fell down, and a small handful of smouldering dust dropped into a 'patera' placed to
receive it. The son took up the 'patera' and said (in what I understood afterwards was the
usual form of words), "Behold how great is the Maker! To this little dust He gave form
and life and soul. It needs not this little dust for Him to renew form and life and soul to
the beloved one we shall soon see again."

Each present bowed his head and pressed his hand to his heart. Then a young female
child opened a small door within the wall, and I perceived, in the recess, shelves on
which were placed many 'paterae' like that which the son held, save that they all had
covers. With such a cover a Gy now approached the son, and placed it over the cup, on
which it closed with a spring. On the lid were engraven the name of the deceased, and
these words:- "Lent to us" (here the date of birth). "Recalled from us" (here the date of

The closed door shut with a musical sound, and all was over.

Chapter 25

"And this," said I, with my mind full of what I had witnessed- "this, I presume, is your
usual form of burial?"

"Our invariable form," answered Aph-Lin. "What is it amongst your people?"
"We inter the body whole within the earth."

"What! To degrade the form you have loved and honoured, the wife on whose breast you
have slept, to the loathsomeness of corruption?"

"But if the soul lives again, can it matter whether the body waste within the earth or is
reduced by that awful mechanism, worked, no doubt by the agency of vril, into a pinch of

"You answer well," said my host, "and there is no arguing on a matter of feeling; but to
me your custom is horrible and repulsive, and would serve to invest death with gloomy
and hideous associations. It is something, too, to my mind, to be able to preserve the
token of what has been our kinsman or friend within the abode in which we live. We thus
feel more sensibly that he still lives, though not visibly so to us. But our sentiments in
this, as in all things, are created by custom. Custom is not to be changed by a wise An,
any more than it is changed by a wise Community, without the greatest deliberation,
followed by the most earnest conviction. It is only thus that change ceases to be
changeability, and once made is made for good.

When we regained the house, Aph-Lin summoned some of the children in his service and
sent them round to several of his friends, requesting their attendance that day, during the
Easy Hours, to a festival in honour of his kinsman's recall to the All-Good. This was the
largest and gayest assembly I ever witnessed during my stay among the Ana, and was
prolonged far into the Silent Hours.

The banquet was spread in a vast chamber reserved especially for grand occasions. This
differed from our entertainments, and was not without a certain resemblance to those we
read of in the luxurious age of the Roman empire. There was not one great table set out,
but numerous small tables, each appropriated to eight guests. It is considered that beyond
that number conversation languishes and friendship cools. The Ana never laugh loud, as I
have before observed, but the cheerful ring of their voices at the various tables betokened
gaiety of intercourse. As they have no stimulant drinks, and are temperate in food, though
so choice and dainty, the banquet itself did not last long. The tables sank through the
floor, and then came musical entertainments for those who liked them. Many, however,
wandered away:- some of the younger ascended in their wings, for the hall was roofless,
forming aerial dances; others strolled through the various apartments, examining the
curiosities with which they were stored, or formed themselves into groups for various
games, the favourite of which is a complicated kind of chess played by eight persons. I
mixed with the crowd, but was prevented joining in the conversation by the constant
companionship of one or the other of my host's sons, appointed to keep me from
obtrusive questionings. The guests, however, noticed me but slightly; they had grown
accustomed to my appearance, seeing me so often in the streets, and I had ceased to
excite much curiosity.

To my great delight Zee avoided me, and evidently sought to excite my jealousy by
marked attentions to a very handsome young An, who (though, as is the modest custom
of the males when addressed by females, he answered with downcast eyes and blushing
cheeks, and was demure and shy as young ladies new to the world are in most civilised
countries, except England and America) was evidently much charmed by the tall Gy, and
ready to falter a bashful "Yes" if she had actually proposed. Fervently hoping that she
would, and more and more averse to the idea of reduction to a cinder after I had seen the
rapidity with which a human body can be hurried into a pinch of dust, I amused myself
by watching the manners of the other young people. I had the satisfaction of observing
that Zee was no singular assertor of a female's most valued rights. Wherever I turned my
eyes, or lent my ears, it seemed to me that the Gy was the wooing party, and the An the
coy and reluctant one. The pretty innocent airs which an An gave himself on being thus
courted, the dexterity with which he evaded direct answers to professions of attachment,
or turned into jest the flattering compliments addressed to him, would have done honour
to the most accomplished coquette. Both my male chaperons were subjected greatly to
these seductive influences, and both acquitted themselves with wonderful honour to their
tact and self-control.

I said to the elder son, who preferred mechanical employments to the management of a
great property, and who was of an eminently philosophical temperament,- "I find it
difficult to conceive how at your age, and with all the intoxicating effects on the senses,
of music and lights and perfumes, you can be so cold to that impassioned young Gy who
has just left you with tears in her eyes at your cruelty."

The young An replied with a sigh, "Gentle Tish, the greatest misfortune in life is to marry
one Gy if you are in love with another."
"Oh! You are in love with another?"
"Alas! Yes."
"And she does not return your love?"
"I don't know. Sometimes a look, a tone, makes me hope so; but she has never plainly
told me that she loves me."
"Have you not whispered in her own ear that you love her?"
"Fie! What are you thinking of? What world do you come from? Could I so betray the
dignity of my sex? Could I be so un-Anly- so lost to shame, as to own love to a Gy who
has not first owned hers to me?"
"Pardon: I was not quite aware that you pushed the modesty of your sex so far. But does
no An ever say to a Gy, 'I love you,' till she says it first to him?"
"I can't say that no An has ever done so, but if he ever does, he is disgraced in the eyes of
the Ana, and secretly despised by the Gy-ei. No Gy, well brought up, would listen to him;
she would consider that he audaciously infringed on the rights of her sex, while outraging
the modesty which dignifies his own. It is very provoking," continued the An, "for she
whom I love has certainly courted no one else, and I cannot but think she likes me.
Sometimes I suspect that she does not court me because she fears I would ask some
unreasonable settlement as to the surrender of her rights. But if so, she cannot really love
me, for where a Gy really loves she forgoes all rights."
"Is this young Gy present?"

"Oh yes. She sits yonder talking to my mother."

I looked in the direction to which my eyes were thus guided, and saw a Gy dressed in
robes of bright red, which among this people is a sign that a Gy as yet prefers a single
state. She wears gray, a neutral tint, to indicate that she is looking about for a spouse;
dark purple if she wishes to intimate that she has made a choice; purple and orange when
she is betrothed or married; light blue when she is divorced or a widow, and would marry
again. Light blue is of course seldom seen.

Among a people where all are of so high a type of beauty, it is difficult to single out one
as peculiarly handsome. My young friend's choice seemed to me to possess the average
of good looks; but there was an expression in her face that pleased me more than did the
faces of the young Gy-ei generally, because it looked less bold- less conscious of female
rights. I observed that, while she talked to Bra, she glanced, from time to time, sidelong
at my young friend.

"Courage," said I, "that young Gy loves you."

"Ay, but if she shall not say so, how am I the better for her love?"
"Your mother is aware of your attachment?"

"Perhaps so. I never owned it to her. It would be un-Anly to confide such weakness to a
mother. I have told my father; he may have told it again to his wife."

"Will you permit me to quit you for a moment and glide behind your mother and your
beloved? I am sure they are talking about you. Do not hesitate. I promise that I will not
allow myself to be questioned till I rejoin you."

The young An pressed his hand on his heart, touched me lightly on the head, and allowed
me to quit his side. I stole unobserved behind his mother and his beloved. I overheard
their talk.

Bra was speaking; said she, "There can be no doubt of this: either my son, who is of
marriageable age, will be decoyed into marriage with one of his many suitors, or he will
join those who emigrate to a distance and we shall see him no more. If you really care for
him, my dear Lo, you should propose."

"I do care for him, Bra; but I doubt if I could really ever win his affections. He is fond of
his inventions and timepieces; and I am not like Zee, but so dull that I fear I could not
enter into his favourite pursuits, and then he would get tired of me, and at the end of three
years divorce me, and I could never marry another- never."

"It is not necessary to know about timepieces to know how to be so necessary to the
happiness of an An, who cares for timepieces, that he would rather give up the timepieces
than divorce his Gy. You see, my dear Lo," continued Bra, "that precisely because we are
the stronger sex, we rule the other provided we never show our strength. If you were
superior to my son in making timepieces and automata, you should, as his wife, always
let him suppose you thought him superior in that art to yourself. The An tacitly allows the
pre-eminence of the Gy in all except his own special pursuit. But if she either excels him
in that, or affects not to admire him for his proficiency in it, he will not love her very
long; perhaps he may even divorce her. But where a Gy really loves, she soon learns to
love all that the An does."

The young Gy made no answer to this address. She looked down musingly, then a smile
crept over her lips, and she rose, still silent, and went through the crowd till she paused
by the young An who loved her. I followed her steps, but discreetly stood at a little
distance while I watched them. Somewhat to my surprise, till I recollected the coy tactics
among the Ana, the lover seemed to receive her advances with an air of indifference. He
even moved away, but she pursued his steps, and, a little time after, both spread their
wings and vanished amid the luminous space above.

Just then I was accosted by the chief magistrate, who mingled with the crowd
distinguished by no signs of deference or homage. It so happened that I had not seen this
great dignitary since the day I had entered his dominions, and recalling Aph-Lin's words
as to his terrible doubt whether or not I should be dissected, a shudder crept over me at
the sight of his tranquil countenance.

"I hear much of you, stranger, from my son Taee," said the Tur, laying his hand politely
on my bended head. "He is very fond of your society, and I trust you are not displeased
with the customs of our people."

I muttered some unintelligible answer, which I intended to be an assurance of my
gratitude for the kindness I had received from the Tur, and my admiration of his
countrymen, but the dissecting-knife gleamed before my mind's eye and choked my
utterance. A softer voice said, "My brother's friend must be dear to me." And looking up I
saw a young Gy, who might be sixteen years old, standing beside the magistrate and
gazing at me with a very benignant countenance. She had not come to her full growth,
and was scarcely taller than myself (viz., about 5 feet 10 inches), and, thanks to that
comparatively diminutive stature, I thought her the loveliest Gy I had hitherto seen. I
suppose something in my eyes revealed that impression, for her countenance grew yet
more benignant. "Taee tells me," she said, "that you have not yet learned to accustom
yourself to wings. That grieves me, for I should have liked to fly with you."

"Alas!" I replied, "I can never hope to enjoy that happiness. I am assured by Zee that the
safe use of wings is a hereditary gift, and it would take generations before one of my race
could poise himself in the air like a bird."

"Let not that thought vex you too much," replied this amiable Princess, "for, after all,
there must come a day when Zee and myself must resign our wings forever. Perhaps
when that day comes we might be glad if the An we chose was also without wings."
The Tur had left us, and was lost amongst the crowd. I began to feel at ease with Taee's
charming sister, and rather startled her by the boldness of my compliment in replying,
"that no An she could choose would ever use his wings to fly away from her." It is so
against custom for an An to say such civil things to a Gy till she has declared her passion
for him, and been accepted as his betrothed, that the young maiden stood quite
dumbfounded for a few moments. Nevertheless she did not seem displeased. At last
recovering herself, she invited me to accompany her into one of the less crowded rooms
and listen to the songs of the birds. I followed her steps as she glided before me, and she
led me into a chamber almost deserted. A fountain of naphtha was playing in the centre
of the room; round it were ranged soft divans, and the walls of the room were open on
one side to an aviary in which the birds were chanting their artful chorus. The Gy seated
herself on one of the divans, and I placed myself at her side. "Taee tells me," she said,
"that Aph-Lin has made it the law* of his house that you are not to be questioned as to
the country you come from or the reason why you visit us. Is it so?"

* Literally "has said, In this house be it requested." Words synonymous with law, as
implying forcible obligation, are avoided by this singular people. Even had it been
decreed by the Tur that his College of Sages should dissect me, the decree would have
ran blandly thus,- "Be it requested that, for the good of the community, the carnivorous
Tish be requested to submit himself to dissection."

"It is."

"May I, at least, without sinning against that law, ask at least if the Gy-ei in your country
are of the same pale colour as yourself, and no taller?"

"I do not think, O beautiful Gy, that I infringe the law of Aph-Lin, which is more binding
on myself than any one, if I answer questions so innocent. The Gy-ei in my country are
much fairer of hue than I am, and their average height is at least a head shorter than

"They cannot then be so strong as the Ana amongst you? But I suppose their superior vril
force makes up for such extraordinary disadvantage of size?"

"They do not profess the vril force as you know it. But still they are very powerful in my
country, and an An has small chance of a happy life if he be not more or less governed by
his Gy."

"You speak feelingly," said Taee's sister, in a tone of voice half sad, half petulant. "You
are married, of course."

"No- certainly not."

"Nor betrothed?"

"Nor betrothed."

"Is it possible that no Gy has proposed to you?"

"In my country the Gy does not propose; the An speaks first."

"What a strange reversal of the laws of nature!" said the maiden, "and what want of
modesty in your sex! But have you never proposed, never loved one Gy more than

I felt embarrassed by these ingenious questionings, and said, "Pardon me, but I think we
are beginning to infringe upon Aph-Lin's injunction. This much only will I answer, and
then, I implore you, ask no more. I did once feel the preference you speak of; I did
propose, and the Gy would willingly have accepted me, but her parents refused their

"Parents! Do you mean seriously to tell me that parents can interfere with the choice of
their daughters?"

"Indeed they can, and do very often."

"I should not like to live in that country, said the Gy simply; "but I hope you will never
go back to it."

I bowed my head in silence. The Gy gently raised my face with her right hand, and
looked into it tenderly. "Stay with us," she said; "stay with us, and be loved."

What I might have answered, what dangers of becoming a cinder I might have
encountered, I still trouble to think, when the light of the naphtha fountain was obscured
by the shadow of wings; and Zee, flying though the open roof, alighted beside us. She
said not a word, but, taking my arm with her mighty hand, she drew me away, as a
mother draws a naughty child, and led me through the apartments to one of the corridors,
on which, by the mechanism they generally prefer to stairs, we ascended to my own
room. This gained, Zee breathed on my forehead, touched my breast with her staff, and I
was instantly plunged into a profound sleep.

When I awoke some hours later, and heard the songs of the birds in the adjoining aviary,
the remembrance of Taee's sister, her gentle looks and caressing words, vividly returned
to me; and so impossible is it for one born and reared in our upper world's state of society
to divest himself of ideas dictated by vanity and ambition, that I found myself
instinctively building proud castles in the air.

"Tish though I be," thus ran my meditations- "Tish though I be, it is then clear that Zee is
not the only Gy whom my appearance can captivate. Evidently I am loved by A
PRINCESS, the first maiden of this land, the daughter of the absolute Monarch whose
autocracy they so idly seek to disguise by the republican title of chief magistrate. But for
the sudden swoop of that horrible Zee, this Royal Lady would have formally proposed to
me; and though it may be very well for Aph-Lin, who is only a subordinate minister, a
mere Commissioner of Light, to threaten me with destruction if I accept his daughter's
hand, yet a Sovereign, whose word is law, could compel the community to abrogate any
custom that forbids intermarriage with one of a strange race, and which in itself is a
contradiction to their boasted equality of ranks.

"It is not to be supposed that his daughter, who spoke with such incredulous scorn of the
interference of parents, would not have sufficient influence with her Royal Father to save
me from the combustion to which Aph-Lin would condemn my form. And if I were
exalted by such an alliance, who knows but what the Monarch might elect me as his
successor? Why not? Few among this indolent race of philosophers like the burden of
such greatness. All might be pleased to see the supreme power lodged in the hands of an
accomplished stranger who has experience of other and livelier forms of existence; and
once chosen, what reforms I would institute! What additions to the really pleasant but too
monotonous life of this realm my familiarity with the civilised nations above ground
would effect! I am fond of the sports of the field. Next to war, is not the chase a king's
pastime? In what varieties of strange game does this nether world abound? How
interesting to strike down creatures that were known above ground before the Deluge!
But how? By that terrible vril, in which, from want of hereditary transmission, I could
never be a proficient? No, but by a civilised handy breech-loader, which these ingenious
mechanicians could not only make, but no doubt improve; nay, surely I saw one in the
Museum. Indeed, as absolute king, I should discountenance vril altogether, except in
cases of war. Apropos of war, it is perfectly absurd to stint a people so intelligent, so rich,
so well armed, to a petty limit of territory sufficing for 10,000 or 12,000 families. Is not
this restriction a mere philosophical crotchet, at variance with the aspiring element in
human nature, such as has been partially, and with complete failure, tried in the upper
world by the late Mr. Robert Owen? Of course one would not go to war with the
neighbouring nations as well armed as one's own subjects; but then, what of those regions
inhabited by races unacquainted with vril, and apparently resembling, in their democratic
institutions, my American countrymen? One might invade them without offence to the
vril nations, our allies, appropriate their territories, extending, perhaps, to the most distant
regions of the nether earth, and thus rule over an empire in which the sun never sets. (I
forgot, in my enthusiasm, that over those regions there was no sun to set). As for the
fantastical notion against conceding fame or renown to an eminent individual, because,
forsooth, bestowal of honours insures contest in the pursuit of them, stimulates angry
passions, and mars the felicity of peace- it is opposed to the very elements, not only of
the human, but of the brute creation, which are all, if tamable, participators in the
sentiment of praise and emulation. What renown would be given to a king who thus
extended his empire! I should be deemed a demigod." Thinking of that, the other
fanatical notion of regulating this life by reference to one which, no doubt, we Christians
firmly believe in, but never take into consideration, I resolved that enlightened
philosophy compelled me to abolish a heathen religion so superstitiously at variance with
modern thought and practical action. Musing over these various projects, I felt how much
I should have liked at that moment to brighten my wits by a good glass of whiskey-andwater.
Not that I am habitually a spirit-drinker, but certainly there are times when a little
stimulant of alcoholic nature, taken with a cigar, enlivens the imagination. Yes; certainly
among these herbs and fruits there would be a liquid from which one could extract a
pleasant vinous alcohol; and with a steak cut off one of those elks (ah! what offence to
science to reject the animal food which our first medical men agree in recommending to
the gastric juices of mankind!) one would certainly pass a more exhilirating hour of
repast. Then, too, instead of those antiquated dramas performed by childish amateurs,
certainly, when I am king, I will introduce our modern opera and a 'corps de ballet,' for
which one might find, among the nations I shall conquer, young females of less
formidable height and thews than the Gy-ei- not armed with vril, and not insisting upon
one's marrying them.

I was so completely rapt in these and similar reforms, political, social, and moral,
calculated to bestow on the people of the nether world the blessings of a civilisation
known to the races of the upper, that I did not perceive that Zee had entered the chamber
till I heard a deep sigh, and, raising my eyes, beheld her standing by my couch.
I need not say that, according to the manners of this people, a Gy can, without indecorum,
visit an An in his chamber, although an An would be considered forward and immodest
to the last degree if he entered the chamber of a Gy without previously obtaining her
permission to do so. Fortunately I was in the full habiliments I had worn when Zee had
deposited me on the couch. Nevertheless I felt much irritated, as well as shocked, by her
visit, and asked in a rude tone what she wanted.

"Speak gently, beloved one, I entreat you," said she, "for I am very unhappy. I have not
slept since we parted."

"A due sense of your shameful conduct to me as your father's guest might well suffice to
banish sleep from your eyelids. Where was the affection you pretend to have for me,
where was even that politeness on which the Vril-ya pride themselves, when, taking
advantage alike of that physical strength in which your sex, in this extraordinary region,
excels our own, and of those detestable and unhallowed powers which the agencies of
vril invest in your eyes and finger-ends, you exposed me to humiliation before your
assembled visitors, before Her Royal Highness- I mean, the daughter of your own chief
magistrate,- carrying me off to bed like a naughty infant, and plunging me into sleep,
without asking my consent?"

"Ungrateful! Do you reproach me for the evidences of my love? Can you think that, even
if unstung by the jealousy which attends upon love till it fades away in blissful trust when
we know that the heart we have wooed is won, I could be indifferent to the perils to
which the audacious overtures of that silly little child might expose you?"
"Hold! Since you introduce the subject of perils, it perhaps does not misbecome me to
say that my most imminent perils come from yourself, or at least would come if I
believed in your love and accepted your addresses. Your father has told me plainly that in
that case I should be consumed into a cinder with as little compunction as if I were the
reptile whom Taee blasted into ashes with the flash of his wand."
"Do not let that fear chill your heart to me," exclaimed Zee, dropping on her knees and
absorbing my right hand in the space of her ample palm. "It is true, indeed, that we two
cannot wed as those of the same race wed; true that the love between us must be pure as
that which, in our belief, exists between lovers who reunite in the new life beyond that
boundary at which the old life ends. But is it not happiness enough to be together,
wedded in mind and in heart? Listen: I have just left my father. He consents to our union
on those terms. I have sufficient influence with the College of Sages to insure their
request to the Tur not to interfere with the free choice of a Gy; provided that her wedding
with one of another race be but the wedding of souls. Oh, think you that true love needs
ignoble union? It is not that I yearn only to be by your side in this life, to be part and
parcel of your joys and sorrows here: I ask here for a tie which will bind us for ever and
for ever in the world of immortals. Do you reject me?"

As she spoke, she knelt, and the whole character of her face was changed; nothing of
sternness left to its grandeur; a divine light, as that of an immortal, shining out from its
human beauty. But she rather awed me as an angel than moved me as a woman, and after
an embarrassed pause, I faltered forth evasive expressions of gratitude, and sought, as
delicately as I could, to point out how humiliating would be my position amongst her race
in the light of a husband who might never be permitted the name of father.

"But," said Zee, "this community does not constitute the whole world. No; nor do all the
populations comprised in the league of the Vril-ya. For thy sake I will renounce my
country and my people. We will fly together to some region where thou shalt be safe. I
am strong enough to bear thee on my wings across the deserts that intervene. I am skilled
enough to cleave open, amidst the rocks, valleys in which to build our home. Solitude and
a hut with thee would be to me society and the universe. Or wouldst thou return to thine
own world, above the surface of this, exposed to the uncertain seasons, and lit but by the
changeful orbs which constitute by thy description the fickle character of those savage
regions? I so, speak the word, and I will force the way for thy return, so that I am thy
companion there, though, there as here, but partner of thy soul, and fellow traveller with
thee to the world in which there is no parting and no death."

I could not but be deeply affected by the tenderness, at once so pure and so impassioned,
with which these words were uttered, and in a voice that would have rendered musical the
roughest sounds in the rudest tongue. And for a moment it did occur to me that I might
avail myself of Zee's agency to effect a safe and speedy return to the upper world. But a
very brief space for reflection sufficed to show me how dishonourable and base a return
for such devotion it would be to allure thus away, from her own people and a home in
which I had been so hospitably treated, a creature to whom our world would be so
abhorrent, and for whose barren, if spiritual love, I could not reconcile myself to
renounce the more human affection of mates less exalted above my erring self. With this
sentiment of duty towards the Gy combined another of duty towards the whole race I
belonged to. Could I venture to introduce into the upper world a being so formidably
gifted- a being that with a movement of her staff could in less than an hour reduce New
York and its glorious Koom-Posh into a pinch of snuff? Rob her of her staff, with her
science she could easily construct another; and with the deadly lightnings that armed the
slender engine her whole frame was charged. If thus dangerous to the cities and
populations of the whole upper earth, could she be a safe companion to myself in case her
affection should be subjected to change or embittered by jealousy? These thoughts, which
it takes so many words to express, passed rapidly through my brain and decided my

"Zee," I said, in the softest tones I could command and pressing respectful lips on the
hand into whose clasp mine vanished- "Zee, I can find no words to say how deeply I am
touched, and how highly I am honoured, by a love so disinterested and self-immolating.
My best return to it is perfect frankness. Each nation has its customs. The customs of
yours do not allow you to wed me; the customs of mine are equally opposed to such a
union between those of races so widely differing. On the other hand, though not deficient
in courage among my own people, or amid dangers with which I am familiar, I cannot,
without a shudder of horror, think of constructing a bridal home in the heart of some
dismal chaos, with all the elements of nature, fire and water, and mephitic gases, at war
with each other, and with the probability that at some moment, while you were busied in
cleaving rocks or conveying vril into lamps, I should be devoured by a krek which your
operations disturbed from its hiding-place. I, a mere Tish, do not deserve the love of a
Gy, so brilliant, so learned, so potent as yourself. Yes, I do not deserve that love, for I
cannot return it."

Zee released my hand, rose to her feet, and turned her face away to hide her emotions;
then she glided noiselessly along the room, and paused at the threshold. Suddenly,
impelled as by a new thought, she returned to my side and said, in a whispered tone,-
"You told me you would speak with perfect frankness. With perfect frankness, then,
answer me this question. If you cannot love me, do you love another?"

"Certainly, I do not."

"You do not love Taee's sister?"

"I never saw her before last night."

"That is no answer. Love is swifter than vril. You hesitate to tell me. Do not think it is
only jealousy that prompts me to caution you. If the Tur's daughter should declare love to
you- if in her ignorance she confides to her father any preference that may justify his
belief that she will woo you, he will have no option but to request your immediate
destruction, as he is specially charged with the duty of consulting the good of the
community, which could not allow the daughter of the Vril-ya to wed a son of the Tish-a,
in that sense of marriage which does not confine itself to union of the souls. Alas! there
would then be for you no escape. She has no strength of wing to uphold you through the
air; she has no science wherewith to make a home in the wilderness. Believe that here my
friendship speaks, and that my jealousy is silent."

With these words Zee left me. And recalling those words, I thought no more of
succeeding to the throne of the Vril-ya, or of the political, social, and moral reforms I
should institute in the capacity of Absolute Sovereign.

Chapter 26

After the conversation with Zee just recorded, I fell into a profound melancholy. The
curious interest with which I had hitherto examined the life and habits of this marvellous
community was at an end. I could not banish from my mind the consciousness that I was
among a people who, however kind and courteous, could destroy me at any moment
without scruple or compunction. The virtuous and peaceful life of the people which,
while new to me, had seemed so holy a contrast to the contentions, the passions, the vices
of the upper world, now began to oppress me with a sense of dulness and monotony.
Even the serene tranquility of the lustrous air preyed on my 142spirits. I longed for a
change, even to winter, or storm, or darkness. I began to feel that, whatever our dreams of
perfectibility, our restless aspirations towards a better, and higher, and calmer, sphere of
being, we, the mortals of the upper world, are not trained or fitted to enjoy for long the
very happiness of which we dream or to which we aspire.

Now, in this social state of the Vril-ya, it was singular to mark how it contrived to unite
and to harmonise into one system nearly all the objects which the various philosophers of
the upper world have placed before human hopes as the ideals of a Utopian future. It was
a state in which war, with all its calamities, was deemed impossible,- a state in which the
freedom of all and each was secured to the uttermost degree, without one of those
animosities which make freedom in the upper world depend on the perpetual strife of
hostile parties. Here the corruption which debases democracies was as unknown as the
discontents which undermine the thrones of monarchies. Equality here was not a name; it
was a reality. Riches were not persecuted, because they were not envied. Here those
problems connected with the labours of a working class, hitherto insoluble above ground,
and above ground conducing to such bitterness between classes, were solved by a process
the simplest,- a distinct and separate working class was dispensed with altogether.

Mechanical inventions, constructed on the principles that baffled my research to
ascertain, worked by an agency infinitely more powerful and infinitely more easy of
management than aught we have yet extracted from electricity or steam, with the aid of
children whose strength was never overtasked, but who loved their employment as sport
and pastime, sufficed to create a Public-wealth so devoted to the general use that not a
grumbler was ever heard of. The vices that rot our cities here had no footing.

Amusements abounded, but they were all innocent. No merry-makings conduced to
intoxication, to riot, to disease. Love existed, and was ardent in pursuit, but its object,
once secured, was faithful. The adulterer, the profligate, the harlot, were phenomena so
unknown in this commonwealth, that even to find the words by which they were
designated one would have had to search throughout an obsolete literature composed
thousands of years before. They who have been students of theoretical philosophies
above ground, know that all these strange departures from civilised life do but realise
ideas which have been broached, canvassed, ridiculed, contested for; sometimes partially
tried, and still put forth in fantastic books, but have never come to practical result. Nor
were these all the steps towards theoretical perfectibility which this community had
made. It had been the sober belief of Descartes that the life of man could be prolonged,
not, indeed, on this earth, to eternal duration, but to what he called the age of the
patriarchs, and modestly defined to be from 100 to 150 years average length. Well, even
this dream of sages was here fulfilled- nay, more than fulfilled; for the vigour of middle
life was preserved even after the term of a century was passed. With this longevity was
combined a greater blessing than itself- that of continuous health. Such diseases as befell
the race were removed with ease by scientific applications of that agency- life-giving as
life-destroying- which is inherent in vril. Even this idea is not unknown above ground,
though it has generally been confined to enthusiasts or charlatans, and emanates from
confused notions about mesmerism, odic force, &c. Passing by such trivial contrivances
as wings, which every schoolboy knows has been tried and found wanting, from the
mythical or pre-historical period, I proceed to that very delicate question, urged of late as
essential to the perfect happiness of our human species by the two most disturbing and
potential influences on upper-ground society,- Womankind and Philosophy. I mean, the
Rights of Women.

Now, it is allowed by jurisprudists that it is idle to talk of rights where there are not
corresponding powers to enforce them; and above ground, for some reason or other, man,
in his physical force, in the use of weapons offensive and defensive, when it come to
positive personal contest, can, as a rule of general application, master women. But among
this people there can be no doubt about the rights of women, because, as I have before
said, the Gy, physically speaking, is bigger and stronger than the An; and her will being
also more resolute than his, and will being essential to the direction of the vril force, she
can bring to bear upon him, more potently than he on herself, the mystical agency which
art can extract from the occult properties of nature. Therefore all that our female
philosophers above ground contend for as to rights of women, is conceded as a matter of
course in this happy commonwealth. Besides such physical powers, the Gy-ei have (at
least in youth) a keen desire for accomplishments and learning which exceeds that of the
male; and thus they are the scholars, the professors- the learned portion, in short, of the

Of course, in this state of society the female establishes, as I have shown, her most valued
privilege, that of choosing and courting her wedding partner. Without that privilege she
would despise all the others. Now, above ground, we should not unreasonably apprehend
that a female, thus potent and thus privileged, when she had fairly hunted us down and
married us, would be very imperious and tyrannical. Not so with the Gy-ei: once married,
the wings once suspended, and more amiable, complacent, docile mates, more
sympathetic, more sinking their loftier capacities into the study of their husbands'
comparatively frivolous tastes and whims, no poet could conceive in his visions of
conjugal bliss. Lastly, among the more important characteristics of the Vril-ya, as
distinguished from our mankind- lastly, and most important on the bearings of their life
and the peace of their commonwealths, is their universal agreement in the existence of a
merciful beneficent Diety, and of a future world to the duration of which a century or two
are moments too brief to waste upon thoughts of fame and power and avarice; while with
that agreement is combined another- viz., since they can know nothing as to the nature of
that Diety beyond the fact of His supreme goodness, nor of that future world beyond the
fact of its felicitous existence, so their reason forbids all angry disputes on insoluble
questions. Thus they secure for that state in the bowels of the earth what no community
ever secured under the light of the stars- all the blessings and consolations of a religion
without any of the evils and calamities which are engendered by strife between one
religion and another.

It would be, then, utterly impossible to deny that the state of existence among the Vril-ya
is thus, as a whole, immeasurably more felicitous than that of super-terrestrial races, and,
realising the dreams of our most sanguine philanthropists, almost approaches to a poet's
conception of some angelical order. And yet, if you would take a thousand of the best and
most philosophical of human beings you could find in London, Paris, Berlin, New York,
or even Boston, and place them as citizens in the beatified community, my belief is, that
in less than a year they would either die of ennui, or attempt some revolution by which
they would militate against the good of the community, and be burnt into cinders at the
request of the Tur.
Certainly I have no desire to insinuate, through the medium of this narrative, any ignorant
disparagement of the race to which I belong. I have, on the contrary, endeavoured to
make it clear that the principles which regulate the social system of the Vril-ya forbid
them to produce those individual examples of human greatness which adorn the annals of
the upper world. Where there are no wars there can be no Hannibal, no Washington, no
Jackson, no Sheridan;- where states are so happy that they fear no danger and desire no
change, they cannot give birth to a Demosthenes, a Webster, a Sumner, a Wendell
Holmes, or a Butler; and where a society attains to a moral standard, in which there are
no crimes and no sorrows from which tragedy can extract its aliment of pity and sorrow,
no salient vices or follies on which comedy can lavish its mirthful satire, it has lost the
chance of producing a Shakespeare, or a Moliere, or a Mrs. Beecher-Stowe. But if I have
no desire to disparage my fellow-men above ground in showing how much the motives
that impel the energies and ambition of individuals in a society of contest and strugglebecome
dormant or annulled in a society which aims at securing for the aggregate the
calm and innocent felicity which we presume to be the lot of beatified immortals; neither,
on the other hand, have I the wish to represent the commonwealths of the Vril-ya as an
ideal form of political society, to the attainment of which our own efforts of reform
should be directed. On the contrary, it is because we have so combined, throughout the
series of ages, the elements which compose human character, that it would be utterly
impossible for us to adopt the modes of life, or to reconcile our passions to the modes of
thought among the Vril-ya,- that I arrived at the conviction that this people- though
originally not only of our human race, but, as seems to me clear by the roots of their
language, descended from the same ancestors as the Great Aryan family, from which in
varied streams has flowed the dominant civilisation of the world; and having, according
to their myths and their history, passed through phases of society familiar to ourselves,-
had yet now developed into a distinct species with which it was impossible that any
community in the upper world could amalgamate: and that if they ever emerged from
these nether recesses into the light of day, they would, according to their own traditional
persuasions of their ultimate destiny, destroy and replace our existent varieties of man.
It may, indeed, be said, since more than one Gy could be found to conceive a partiality
for so ordinary a type of our super-terrestrial race as myself, that even if the Vril-ya did
appear above ground, we might be saved from extermination by intermixture of race. But
this is too sanguine a belief. Instances of such 'mesalliance' would be as rare as those of
intermarriage between the Anglo-Saxon emigrants and the Red Indians. Nor would time
be allowed for the operation of familiar intercourse. The Vril-ya, on emerging, induced
by the charm of a sunlit heaven to form their settlements above ground, would commence
at once the work of destruction, seize upon the territories already cultivated, and clear off,
without scruple, all the inhabitants who resisted that invasion. And considering their
contempt for the institutions of Koom-Posh or Popular Government, and the pugnacious
valour of my beloved countrymen, I believe that if the Vril-ya first appeared in free
America- as, being the choicest portion of the habitable earth, they would doubtless be
induced to do- and said, "This quarter of the globe we take; Citizens of a Koom-Posh,
make way for the development of species in the Vril-ya," my brave compatriots would
show fight, and not a soul of them would be left in this life, to rally round the Stars and
Stripes, at the end of a week.

I now saw but little of Zee, save at meals, when the family assembled, and she was then
reserved and silent. My apprehensions of danger from an affection I had so little
encouraged or deserved, therefore, now faded away, but my dejection continued to
increase. I pined for escape to the upper world, but I racked my brains in vain for any
means to effect it. I was never permitted to wander forth alone, so that I could not even
visit the spot on which I had alighted, and see if it were possible to reascend to the mine.
Nor even in the Silent Hours, when the household was locked in sleep, could I have let
myself down from the lofty floor in which my apartment was placed. I knew not how to
command the automata who stood mockingly at my beck beside the wall, nor could I
ascertain the springs by which were set in movement the platforms that supplied the place
of stairs. The knowledge how to avail myself of these contrivances had been purposely
withheld from me. Oh, that I could but have learned the use of wings, so freely here at the
service of every infant, then I might have escaped from the casement, regained the rocks,
and buoyed myself aloft through the chasm of which the perpendicular sides forbade
place for human footing!

Chapter 27

One day, as I sat alone and brooding in my chamber, Taee flew in at the open window
and alighted on the couch beside me. I was always pleased with the visits of a child, in
whose society, if humbled, I was less eclipsed than in that of Ana who had completed
their education and matured their understanding. And as I was permitted to wander forth
with him for my companion, and as I longed to revisit the spot in which I had descended
into the nether world, I hastened to ask him if he were at leisure for a stroll beyond the
streets of the city. His countenance seemed to me graver than usual as he replied, "I came
hither on purpose to invite you forth."

We soon found ourselves in the street, and had not got far from the house when we
encountered five or six young Gy-ei, who were returning from the fields with baskets full
of flowers, and chanting a song in chorus as they walked. A young Gy sings more often
than she talks. They stopped on seeing us, accosting Taee with familiar kindness, and me
with the courteous gallantry which distinguishes the Gy-ei in their manner towards our
weaker sex.


And here I may observe that, though a virgin Gy is so frank in her courtship to the
individual she favours, there is nothing that approaches to that general breadth and
loudness of manner which those young ladies of the Anglo-Saxon race, to whom the
distinguished epithet of 'fast' is accorded, exhibit towards young gentlemen whom they
do not profess to love. No; the bearing of the Gy-ei towards males in ordinary is very
much that of high-bred men in the gallant societies of the upper world towards ladies
whom they respect but do not woo; deferential, complimentary, exquisitely polishedwhat
we should call 'chivalrous.'

Certainly I was a little put out by the number of civil things addressed to my 'amour
propre,' which were said to me by those courteous young Gy-ei. In the world I came
from, a man would have thought himself aggrieved, treated with irony, 'chaffed' (if so
vulgar a slang word may be allowed on the authority of the popular novelists who use it
so freely), when one fair Gy complimented me on the freshness of my complexion,
another on the choice of colours in my dress, a third, with a sly smile, on the conquests I
had made at Aph-Lin's entertainment. But I knew already that all such language was what
the French call 'banal,' and did but express in the female mouth, below earth, that sort of
desire to pass for amiable with the opposite sex which, above earth, arbitrary custom and
hereditary transmission demonstrate by the mouth of the male. And just as a high-bred
young lady, above earth, habituated to such compliments, feels that she cannot, without
impropriety, return them, nor evince any great satisfaction at receiving them; so I who
had learned polite manners at the house of so wealthy and dignified a Minister of that
nation, could but smile and try to look pretty in bashfully disclaiming the compliments
showered upon me. While we were thus talking, Taee's sister, it seems, had seen us from
the upper rooms of the Royal Palace at the entrance of the town, and, precipitating herself
on her wings, alighted in the midst of the group.

Singling me out, she said, though still with the inimitable deference of manner which I
have called 'chivalrous,' yet not without a certain abruptness of tone which, as addressed
to the weaker sex, Sir Philip Sydney might have termed 'rustic,' "Why do you never come
to see us?"

While I was deliberating on the right answer to give to this unlooked-for question, Taee
said quickly and sternly, "Sister, you forget- the stranger is of my sex. It is not for
persons of my sex, having due regard for reputation and modesty, to lower themselves by
running after the society of yours."

This speech was received with evident approval by the young Gy-ei in general; but Taee's
sister looked greatly abashed. Poor thing!- and a PRINCESS too!

Just at this moment a shadow fell on the space between me and the group; and, turning
round, I beheld the chief magistrate coming close upon us, with the silent and stately pace
peculiar to the Vril-ya. At the sight of his countenance, the same terror which had seized
me when I first beheld it returned. On that brow, in those eyes, there was that same
indefinable something which marked the being of a race fatal to our own- that strange
expression of serene exemption from our common cares and passions, of conscious
superior power, compassionate and inflexible as that of a judge who pronounces doom. I
shivered, and, inclining low, pressed the arm of my child-friend, and drew him onward
silently. The Tur placed himself before our path, regarded me for a moment without
speaking, then turned his eye quietly on his daughter's face, and, with a grave salutation
to her and the other Gy-ei, went through the midst of the group,- still without a word.

Chapter 28

When Taee and I found ourselves alone on the broad road that lay between the city and
the chasm through which I had descended into this region beneath the light of the stars
and sun, I said under my breath, "Child and friend, there is a look in your father's face
which appals me. I feel as if, in its awful tranquillity, I gazed upon death."

Taee did not immediately reply. He seemed agitated, and as if debating with himself by
what words to soften some unwelcome intelligence. At last he said, "None of the Vril-ya
fear death: do you?"

"The dread of death is implanted in the breasts of the race to which I belong. We can
conquer it at the call of duty, of honour, of love. We can die for a truth, for a native land,
for those who are dearer to us than ourselves. But if death do really threaten me now and
here, where are such counteractions to the natural instinct which invests with awe and
terror the contemplation of severance between soul and body?"

Taee looked surprised, but there was great tenderness in his voice as he replied, "I will
tell my father what you say. I will entreat him to spare your life."

"He has, then, already decreed to destroy it?"

"'Tis my sister's fault or folly," said Taee, with some petulance. "But she spoke this
morning to my father; and, after she had spoken, he summoned me, as a chief among the
children who are commissioned to destroy such lives as threaten the community, and he
said to me, 'Take thy vril staff, and seek the stranger who has made himself dear to thee.
Be his end painless and prompt.'"

"And," I faltered, recoiling from the child- "and it is, then, for my murder that thus
treacherously thou hast invited me forth? No, I cannot believe it. I cannot think thee
guilty of such a crime."

"It is no crime to slay those who threaten the good of the community; it would be a crime
to slay the smallest insect that cannot harm us."

"If you mean that I threaten the good of the community because your sister honours me
with the sort of preference which a child may feel for a strange plaything, it is not
necessary to kill me. Let me return to the people I have left, and by the chasm through
which I descended. With a slight help from you I might do so now. You, by the aid of
your wings, could fasten to the rocky ledge within the chasm the cord that you found, and
have no doubt preserved. Do but that; assist me but to the spot from which I alighted, and
I vanish from your world for ever, and as surely as if I were among the dead."

"The chasm through which you descended! Look round; we stand now on the very place
where it yawned. What see you? Only solid rock. The chasm was closed, by the orders of
Aph-Lin, as soon as communication between him and yourself was established in your
trance, and he learned from your own lips the nature of the world from which you came.
Do you not remember when Zee bade me not question you as to yourself or your race?
On quitting you that day, Aph-Lin accosted me, and said, 'No path between the stranger's
home and ours should be left unclosed, or the sorrow and evil of his home may descend
to ours. Take with thee the children of thy band, smite the sides of the cavern with your
vril staves till the fall of their fragments fills up every chink through which a gleam of
our lamps could force its way.'"

As the child spoke, I stared aghast at the blind rocks before me. Huge and irregular, the
granite masses, showing by charred discolouration where they had been shattered, rose
from footing to roof-top; not a cranny!

"All hope, then, is gone," I murmured, sinking down on the craggy wayside, "and I shall
nevermore see the sun." I covered my face with my hands, and prayed to Him whose
presence I had so often forgotten when the heavens had declared His handiwork. I felt
His presence in the depths of the nether earth, and amidst the world of the grave. I looked
up, taking comfort and courage from my prayers, and, gazing with a quiet smile into the
face of the child, said, "Now, if thou must slay me, strike."

Taee shook his head gently. "Nay," he said, "my father's request is not so formally made
as to leave me no choice. I will speak with him, and may prevail to save thee. Strange
that thou shouldst have that fear of death which we thought was only the instinct of the
inferior creatures, to whom the convictions of another life has not been vouchsafed. With
us, not an infant knows such a fear. Tell me, my dear Tish," he continued after a little
pause, "would it reconcile thee more to departure from this form of life to that form
which lies on the other side of the moment called 'death,' did I share thy journey? If so, I
will ask my father whether it be allowable for me to go with thee. I am one of our
generation destined to emigrate, when of age for it, to some regions unknown within this
world. I would just as soon emigrate now to regions unknown, in another world. The All-
Good is no less there than here. Where is he not?"

"Child," said I, seeing by Taee's countenance that he spoke in serious earnest, "it is crime
in thee to slay me; it were a crime not less in me to say, 'Slay thyself.' The All-Good
chooses His own time to give us life, and his own time to take it away. Let us go back. If,
on speaking with thy father, he decides on my death, give me the longest warning in thy
power, so that I may pass the interval in self-preparation."

Chapter 29

In the midst of those hours set apart for sleep and constituting the night of the Vril-ya, I
was awakened from the disturbed slumber into which I had not long fallen, by a hand on
my shoulder. I started and beheld Zee standing beside me.

"Hush," she said in a whisper; let no one hear us. Dost thou think that I have ceased to
watch over thy safety because I could not win thy love? I have seen Taee. He has not
prevailed with his father, who had meanwhile conferred with the three sages who, in
doubtful matters, he takes into council, and by their advice he has ordained thee to perish
when the world re-awakens to life. I will save thee. Rise and dress."

Zee pointed to a table by the couch on which I saw the clothes I had worn on quitting the
upper world, and which I had exchanged subsequently for the more picturesque garments
of the Vril-ya. The young Gy then moved towards the casement and stepped into the
balcony, while hastily and wonderingly I donned my own habiliments. When I joined her
on the balcony, her face was pale and rigid. Taking me by the hand, she said softly, "See
how brightly the art of the Vril-ya has lighted up the world in which they dwell. Tomorrow
the world will be dark to me." She drew me back into the room without waiting
for my answer, thence into the corridor, from which we descended into the hall. We
passed into the deserted streets and along the broad upward road which wound beneath
the rocks. Here, where there is neither day nor night, the Silent Hours are unutterably
solemn- the vast space illumined by mortal skill is so wholly without the sight and stir of
mortal life. Soft as were our footsteps, their sounds vexed the ear, as out of harmony with
the universal repose. I was aware in my own mind, though Zee said it not, that she had
decided to assist my return to the upper world, and that we were bound towards the place
from which I had descended. Her silence infected me and commanded mine. And now we
approached the chasm. It had been re-opened; not presenting, indeed, the same aspect as
when I had emerged from it, but through that closed wall of rock before which I had last
stood with Taee, a new clift had been riven, and along its blackened sides still glimmered
sparks and smouldered embers. My upward gaze could not, however, penetrate more than
a few feet into the darkness of the hollow void, and I stood dismayed, and wondering
how that grim ascent was to be made.

Zee divined my doubt. "Fear not," said she, with a faint smile; "your return is assured. I
began this work when the Silent Hours commenced, and all else were asleep; believe that
I did not paused till the path back into thy world was clear. I shall be with thee a little
while yet. We do not part until thou sayest, 'Go, for I need thee no more.'"

My heart smote me with remorse at these words. "Ah!" I exclaimed, "would that thou
wert of my race or I of thine, then I should never say, "I need thee no more.'"

"I bless thee for those words, and I shall remember them when thou art gone," answered
the Gy, tenderly.

During this brief interchange of words, Zee had turned away from me, her form bent and
her head bowed over her breast. Now, she rose to the full height of her grand stature, and
stood fronting me. While she had been thus averted from my gaze, she had lighted up the
circlet that she wore round her brow, so that it blazed as if it were a crown of stars. Not
only her face and her form, but the atmosphere around, were illumined by the effulgence
of the diadem.

"Now," said she, "put thine arm around me for the first and last time. Nay, thus; courage,
and cling firm."

As she spoke her form dilated, the vast wings expanded. Clinging to her, I was borne
aloft through the terrible chasm. The starry light from her forehead shot around and
before us through the darkness. Brightly and steadfastly, and swiftly as an angel may soar
heavenward with the soul it rescues from the grave, went the flight of the Gy, till I heard
in the distance the hum of human voices, the sounds of human toil. We halted on the
flooring of one of the galleries of the mine, and beyond, in the vista, burned the dim,
feeble lamps of the miners.

Then I released my hold. The Gy kissed me on my forehead, passionately, but as with a
mother's passion, and said, as the tears gushed from her eyes, "Farewell for ever. Thou
wilt not let me go into thy world- thou canst never return to mine. Ere our household
shake off slumber, the rocks will have again closed over the chasm not to be re-opened
by me, nor perhaps by others, for ages yet unguessed. Think of me sometimes, and with
kindness. When I reach the life that lies beyond this speck in time, I shall look round for
thee. Even there, the world consigned to thyself and thy people may have rocks and gulfs
which divide it from that in which I rejoin those of my race that have gone before, and I
may be powerless to cleave way to regain thee as I have cloven way to lose."

Her voice ceased. I heard the swan-like sough of her wings, and saw the rays of her starry
diadem receding far and farther through the gloom.

I sate myself down for some time, musing sorrowfully; then I rose and took my way with
slow footsteps towards the place in which I heard the sounds of men. The miners I
encountered were strange to me, of another nation than my own. They turned to look at
me with some surprise, but finding that I could not answer their brief questions in their
own language, they returned to their work and suffered me to pass on unmolested. In fine,
I regained the mouth of the mine, little troubled by other interrogatories;- save those of a
friendly official to whom I was known, and luckily he was too busy to talk much with
me. I took care not to return to my former lodging, but hastened that very day to quit a
neighbourhood where I could not long have escaped inquiries to which I could have
given no satisfactory answers. I regained in safety my own country, in which I have been
long peacefully settled, and engaged in practical business, till I retired on a competent
fortune, three years ago. I have been little invited and little tempted to talk of the rovings
and adventures of my youth. Somewhat disappointed, as most men are, in matters
connected with household love and domestic life, I often think of the young Gy as I sit
alone at night, and wonder how I could have rejected such a love, no matter what dangers
attended it, or by what conditions it was restricted. Only, the more I think of a people
calmly developing, in regions excluded from our sight and deemed uninhabitable by our
sages, powers surpassing our most disciplined modes of force, and virtues to which our
life, social and political, becomes antagonistic in proportion as our civilisation advances,-
the more devoutly I pray that ages may yet elapse before there emerge into sunlight our
inevitable destroyers. Being, however, frankly told by my physician that I am afflicted by
a complaint which, though it gives little pain and no perceptible notice of its
encroachments, may at any moment be fatal, I have thought it my duty to my fellow-men
to place on record these forewarnings of The Coming Race."

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